Rus Articles Journal

When the Times New Roman font was born?

on October 3, 1932, 75 years ago, residents of London for the first time saw the favourite newspaper The Times in new shape. Imposition remained in essence the same, but the font changed. It was called Times New Roman once again to emphasize that it is property of this newspaper. Later, with the advent of computers, this font became the most widespread. I will not begin to dissemble, all the materials for Schools of life I fill 12 - m a size of this font.

Very few people know that on development of a new font at the English printer and the historian of a font Stanley Morrison (namely he together with the schedule V. Lardent is considered as the founding father) three years left neither more nor less. Owners of the newspaper were very dissatisfied that to their child on heels there step competitors, and decided to present something like that from what readers, having forgotten about other editions, by all means would buy The Times .

Not all readers pay attention to such trifles by which detailed consideration it becomes clear that actually this small things plays an essential role in perception of the newspaper. For example, today in Russia pre-election fight at full speed is developed, new newspapers and leaflets are born quicker than cats . And when for their releases invite nonprofessionals, they sometimes give it why it becomes sad and ridiculous. Professionals know that the font in any newspaper is hardly the main indicator of appeal of the text. Its readability, a saturation, the size - sometimes mean not less than contents at all.

By 1929 when Morrison, bosses " was invited; Taymsa realized that the existing fonts either are insufficiently compact, or are unsatisfactory in a form, or are badly read in a size of 9 points. Roughly speaking, it was necessary to squeeze as much as possible small letters, but that it was not perceived as " in a newspaper strip; mass grave densely laid a back to a back a sprat in a can.

Strictly speaking, Morrison could especially not to be shot up especially as in the middle of 20 - x years appeared and the Ionic font created especially for a newspaper set gathered great popularity. It was legible. But Stanley managed to convince bosses that this font issues rags for the people . And font of the conservative newspaper Tayms which is read by ministers and statesmen of England, has to look differently.

Poor old times Morrison in those far times also could not assume that 62 years later the homeland elephants, tea leaf and " paprika; the United States will be declared. What will be suddenly odd fellow who will rummage in dusty archives and will make sensational discovery that Stanley was the most ordinary thief, having stolen the " fonts; at Starlinga Berdzhess, the American builder of racing yachts, the poet, an avia - and the autodesigner. And since the same 1994 Berdzhess always registers in coauthors to Morrison. Fortunately, an English printer before dethronements did not live, having died 40 years ago, on October 11, 1967 in London.

However if the invention exists without several versions, then it is all the same that soup without salt. Tastelessly! Therefore and in the history with the Times New Roman font there are at least three versions. The first - Morrison transferred Lardenta (to the artist Taymsa ) series of own pencil sketches of the alphabet of a new font. The second - it gave the oral instruction to use as the Plantin model, having pointed notches. And, at last, the third - Lardent`s works was the cornerstone a page photocopy from a certain book of the Flemish printer of the 16th century Christoph Planten, perhaps, gathered by Robert Granjon`s font. Leaning on this source, Lardent drew a font - the prototype which subsequently is strongly processed under the leadership of Morrison.

It is necessary to mention also developers who transferred Times New Roman to Cyrillics. The Type of Tayms font (designers Gennady Baryshnikov, Emma Zakharova, etc.) was the first professional Times font developed in Russia. It was designed in 4 - x tracings for phototypesetting at the end of 70 - x years in Department of type-setting fonts All-Union scientifically - research institute of printing mechanical engineering (now JSC Poligrafmash ) . In 1990 the special font (designers Vladimir Yefimov, Alexander Tarbeev) which within three years was issued under the name TimesET was developed for library of the digital ParaType fonts of ParaGraph firm. However, today fonts, ground under Tayms, is issued a little, and I do not set before myself the purpose to go into technical detail.

Main thing that 75 years ago readers of the " newspaper; The Times woke up in other era. To an era of Times New Roman