As besieged Leningrad avoided epidemics or That stands behind a signature stamp “ Confidentially “? Nervous and pregnant I advise
not to read. And behind a signature stamp just figure. 1093695. So many corpses are buried from July 1, 1941 to July 1, 1942 by a municipal government of the enterprises of public service of the city of Leningrad. In 365 days.
The document with a signature stamp “ Confidentially “ it is dated on April 5, 1943 and is called “ From the report of a municipal government of the enterprises of public service on work for a year of war from July, 1941 to July, 1942. Section “ Funeral business “ . What was secreted in this document?
From June to August, 1941 the city suffered from bombings and shellings. Blockade of the city began with the second half of August, 1941. In November cards were entered - on the worker was given 250 and on the employee of 125 grams of bread for the person in days. Till December the population still kept, but since December mortality began to increase promptly. The city began to become extinct. Grave-diggers died as all. The collapse of funeral service began. The city grew with corpses. The tragedy approached. It was also secreted.
Surviving were not valid any more, opportunities to bury the dead men. In the report it is said that from the middle of December, 1941 on cemeteries mass tossing of dead men was observed. Workers did not manage to bury hundreds and hundreds of corpses in trenches and holes of cemeteries. If in December corpses still were somehow transported on cemeteries, then in their January began to throw up to hospitals, policlinics, to throw out on ladders, to the yards. The enterprises and the organizations secretly by trucks took out corpses on streets, adjacent to cemeteries.
To solve a problem only by forces of workers of municipal services became impossible. The report notes that in January the worst - a cannibalism began. There was nobody to protect cemeteries. Mass stealing of parts of the corpses split right there on the place began with cemeteries, and special addiction was noted to children`s corpses. On cemeteries found skulls from which brains were taken, on the Serafimovsky cemetery found dead men from whom remained only the head and a foot. The Jewish cemetery resembled on myasoboynyu more. Corpses were abducted and used in food from streets, from cemeteries, from apartments. Never we will forgive this cannibalism to fascism! And to the grandsons we will command.
It was entrusted to MPVO and troops of People`s Commissariat for Internal Affairs to deal with an issue of burial. The well-known Piskarevsky cemetery was entrusted the 4th shelf of People`s Commissariat for Internal Affairs. Demolition men and kopalshchik, loaders were equated to veterans. They received the soldering of vodka. Drivers of trucks for every second and subsequent trip were given in addition 100 g of bread and 100 g of vodka or wine. Norms of loading were installed on each car depending on the tonnage: on a pyatitonka - 100 corpses, on a trekhtonka - 60, on the 1.5 inch tubing 40. From December 16 to June 1, 1942 on Piskaryovka 372 thousand people were buried in trenches.
The report speaks about especially severe conditions which developed to Kolpino in view of its direct proximity to a front line. The regional executive committee allowed the city of Kolpino to burn corpses in thermal furnaces of Izhora plant. Then and Leningrad adopted experience of kolpinets. People began to be burned at brick-works. Process was mechanized trolleys. On March 16, 1942 250 corpses were for the first time cremated, and already on April 18 only per day in two furnaces it was already cremated on 1432 corpses.
With approach of spring and thawing of snow began to appear “ snowdrops “. Someone`s hands leaned out from - under snow and asked about a committing to the earth, reflected the indifferent Petersburg sun in the thawed eye-sockets of a puddle of thawed snow. Hair of dead men dried out and moved on spring wind. And the exhausted dystrophic persons lasted there, is closer to bombs, to a front line, to Kolpino. Under firing to rummage in potato fields, looking for rotten casual potato. Accident of epidemics approached.
Before heat corpses it was necessary to cremate in order to avoid epidemics. The city successfully coped with this task, and to summer of 1942 unburied bodies already practically in the city did not meet. Separate cases of a mass congestion of corpses nevertheless took place. After evacuation of the Hermitage in cellars of the building 109 bodies were found. It was the died staff of the Hermitage whom the administration put to museum cellars. Walking on magnificent halls and admiring perfection of treasures of the Hermitage, you remember these cellars.
Here such terrible fact is given in the document: “ especially close attention when carrying out summer works should be paid to failures of mass graves. Health officers of the city assume that they from trenches can hammer fountains of mass of the decaying bodies “. Fountains. Similar to experience of Leningrad of mass burial was not known by history. Never and anywhere in the world.
Workers of municipal services showed the heroism comparable only to feats in the battlefield. The city avoided epidemics. Many grave-diggers died at the bottom of the trenches and graves which are dug out by them. Without being valid to lower the dead man in a grave, they fell there and died. (Where my 4th regiment of People`s Commissariat for Internal Affairs? Which of you lived up to summer?) Nobody was prepared for such extent of mortality and a molniyenosnost of its growth and nobody was never capable to think of something similar. Only thanks to dedication of grave-diggers the city did not fall the victim of general epidemic.
And now let`s imagine this stench, disgust of still living person for the dead who became swollen from decomposition to a body, bodies, hundreds, thousands of bodies now. Work? No, dantovsky hell. Constant horror, vonishch, worms, gnoishche! Guernica. Apocalypse. And our grandfathers did it. Leningrad residents. Oh, My God.
Conclusion of the document very peculiar. Read these lines, read. It is just the report with a signature stamp “ Confidentially “: “ The Result of work is achieved good - both the city and its population, having endured unknown deprivations, after such mass burial with violation of sanitary standards avoided epidemic diseases “. The document is signed by the chief of UPKO of Lengorsovet A. Karpushchenko.
Scary document! History does not know such second document. Any city did not test what fell to lot of Leningrad. There were so many victims among civilians anywhere and never.
When we bow to the victims of besieged Leningrad, let`s remember also the employees of funeral service who fanned the terrible and noble work by undying glory. If not they, it was not necessary and to unclench a blockade ring - the city would become extinct from epidemics in itself.
“ I returned to my city,
the Acquaintance to tears................ “
The security classification is removed. Time flies, blockade survivors and those who buried them leave us. Gets prettier the city of St. Petersburg. From all directions surrounded with Leningrad. Leningrad...