Rus Articles Journal

For what fables Denis Davydov got to disgrace?

Denis Davydov are the only Russian poet, speaking about which it is optional to tell the name, it is enough to tell - the poet - the guerrilla . In the Russian poetry his name costs independently. Though its poetic heritage holds only in a thin book, but he became the founder of the new direction in poetry. It was considered the teacher by Pushkin and many poets who, undoubtedly, were higher than it poetic gift. Its verses in lists went across Russia and were learned by heart. Popular prints with its image could be met in Russia literally everywhere - from a country log hut to the notable house. But there was in his creativity a period which he not really - that liked to remember subsequently.

Military career of Denis Davydov began in 1801 when he was enlisted estandart - the cadet in a Guards kavalergardsky regiment. However Davydov stayed in kavalergarda not for long. The young guardsman since the childhood differed in independent character and was sharp on language. And here also cut through poetic talent. Would be not present, wrote love elegies and romances, and he made mischief, needled and circulated from hand to hand political fables in which, to put it mildly, stated not enough respect for autocracy and the young emperor Alexander I.

Already first fable Head and Legs made a name of the author infamous. Over the head, now the author, clouds began to be condensed. Was for what. In the fable it did all a clear hint that the monarch who is badly operating citizens can from them and suffer. To understand who Head and who Legs - it was possible from first lines:

Having been tired to run daily

On dirt, on sand, on a rigid pavement,

Legs very angrily of

Got to talking Once with the Head:

For what we at you under the power such,

That the whole century have to you to one obey

It is natural that the Head, as well as befits the autocrat, gives the sharp rebuff to fair reproaches:

Are silent, impudent, - the Head told them, -

Or by force I you will make silent!.

As you dare to revolt,

When to us is allowed to rule over the nature?

On what the author lips of Legs draws a seditious conclusion:

Kohl you have the right to operate,

That we have the right to stumble,

I we can sometimes, having stumbled, - how to be, - your majesty about a stone to rasshibit


the Fable was rewritten, read on friendly officer junkets and in secular salons. Undoubtedly, read it and in the palace. When after death of the poet and the minister Derzhavin who was close to the young emperor sorted his archive, found the list of the fable. To Davydov explained inadmissibility of similar acts for the Guards officer. Despite obvious disapproval from the power, the poet who got reputation of the person unreliable and impudent began to enjoy wide popularity in St. Petersburg. By youth he was madly glad to it, without thinking of consequences.

Inspired with success, Davydov writes the second fable - River and Mirror in which not just accuses the monarch of cruelty, but also ventures frank impudence, exclaiming: The Monarch, be ashamed! . And then one more - Eagle-hen, Turukhtan and Black grouse . In an image of the Eagle-hen without effort recognized Catherine II whom the guard idolized, in spiteful and pompous Turukhtana (a marsh cockerel) - the emperor Paul I, and in the Black grouse hard of hearing - the young monarch Alexander I. The fable without special zavualirovannost hinted at murder of the emperor Pavel with silent connivance of his son who succeeded to the throne. And the poet finished with an appeal it: Not to choose in tsars of either angry, nor kind roosters .

After this fable to long-suffering of the power the end came. If the first fable could be written off for the author`s youth, then direct an obvineniyeimperator in participation in patricide and comparison he with a silly black grouse could not be forgiven. Fortunately, influential relatives interfered, and treated Davydov surprisingly softly, deducted him from guard and sent to provincial Belarusian Hussars.

Davydov, as usual, swaggered, but firmly learned the taught lesson on for the rest of the life. He became much more circumspectly, and with freethinking, in any case, in verses, said goodbye forever. Now in its poetry new notes began to sound: I am given birth for service imperial . And the reputation of the freethinker to which the aura of the dashing idler - the hussar and the guerrilla was added over time and tried to keep step with it all life, bringing upon it a lot of trouble.