When and how to plant tulips?
If you want to admire in the spring blossoming of these magnificent flowers, then now it is a high time to stock up with bulbs and to immediately land them in a garden. Approximately with 20 - x dates of September and until the end of October - optimum terms of planting of tulips in a midland. But do not despair if do not keep within this framework. They can be landed up to occurrence of steady cold weather, they will only blossom in the spring with small delay.
And now - about tulips. These flowers extended from Central Asia worldwide. “ Tulip “ in translation from Persian means “ turban “. Height of plants varies from 10 to 80 cm that allows to grow up them and on the Alpine hills, and for decoration of a garden, and on cut in bouquets.
Coloring of a nimbus happens from snow-white to almost black, there are grades with a combination of several flowers in the form of strips, strokes, spots. A variety of a form of flowers will satisfy any whim: simple and terry, scyphoid, kolokolchaty, lileyny, etc.
For landing of tulips most are suitable well lit sites protected from strong winds. At strong shading of a plant are extended, stalks become thin and fragile, bulbs become shallow. In general they are quite unpretentious.
It is desirable to plant tulips on beds with the easy sandy soil, introduction of the rerotting compost very favorably affects. On advantage there will be an introduction of wood ashes at the rate of about 200 g/sq.m. But even if the earth heavy and dense, it is fixable. Introduction of compost, river sand, adding the friable fertile earth are capable to solve a problem of optimization of structure of the soil. Introduction of fresh manure is absolutely inadmissible, otherwise not to avoid rotting of bulbs and the outbreak of fungal diseases.
Optimum width of a bed is about 60 - 90 cm. Before landing on it it is necessary to make cross grooves at distance of 25 - 30 cm for large bulbs and at distance of 10 - 15 cm for children. Depth of landing of about 10 - 15 cm for large and 5 - 7 cm for small bulbs, but in each case it depends on structure of the soil. By means of a watering can it is necessary to spill grooves hot water with potassium permanganate for prevention of diseases. Then accurately to arrange in them bulbs, slightly pressing into the soil; large - at distance of 10 - 15 cm from each other, small - are closer.
And one more council. If the soil very heavy and inclined to a moisture stagnation, then on a bottom of grooves it is necessary to fill the coarse washed-out sand a layer not less than 3 cm. It will allow to create some kind of drainage and to prevent a vymokaniye of bulbs.
Having covered grooves with earth, the surface of a bed needs to be leveled accurately by means of a rake that there were no obvious roughnesses in which water will stand. In case of droughty autumn weather the bed later after landing will need to be watered 7 - 10 days plentifully that bulbs could develop good root system.
If the device of a separate bed is impossible, and all the same there is a strong wish for tulips, it is possible to plant them small decorative groups in different places: under trees, on a lawn, in rock gardens. Even in the most, apparently, unsuitable place it is rather simple to dig out holes and to put there bulbs. Holes on width dig randomly, in depth about 20 - 30 cm. On a bottom it is necessary to fill a drainage from a small amount of gravel and coarse sand a layer to 7 - 10 cm and to powder with the earth a little. Having arranged bulbs according to the desirable scheme at distance about 10 cm from each other there, to fill up them with a layer of a fertile soil in 10 - 15 cm. The main thing that in places of landing water did not stand, differently bulbs will just wet through, and in winter time the probability of a vymerzaniye will be high. At such landing it is not necessary to carry out an annual vykopka of bulbs.
With approach of steady cold weather and the beginning of frost penetration in the soil the surface of a ridge and places of group landings can be zamulchirovat the rerotting compost or, as a last resort, peat a layer of 5 - 7 cm What it will give?
1. The mulch will prevent cracking of the soil at temperature drops in the winter and in the early spring.
2. Temperature in the soil will be more equal.
3. The top layer of earth will remain friable, well passing air and moisture to root system.
4. And in the spring through a layer of a mulch numerous weeds will not be able to break through.
On the former place of landing tulips are recommended to be returned approximately in 5 years. But if there is no opportunity for such crop rotation, then it is necessary simply to pay more attention to prevention of the soil from wreckers and diseases. Quite good predecessors for tulips are garlic, tagetes (barkhatets), the nasturtium, a calendula which revitalize with the phytoncides the soil.