Rus Articles Journal

In what Darya Dontsova`s secret? Session of exposure

Introduction. Esthetes, sha! I Read to

books long ago, it is terrible to tell how many years. Especially in former times, when the Internet was not, and on the TV twisted concerts of national dance and reports on battle for the harvest. Chitano was a miscellaneous, and I cannot be intimidated by neither Erasmus Rotterdamsky, nor Akutagava Ryunoske, nor even Panayev with Skabichevsky. But there is not always a wish to work strenuously the head and to tear soul to pieces, reading High Literature. Sometimes just there is a wish to be disconnected and have a rest. Here detective stories, and even not only magnificent Agatha Christie and flashing Hmelevskaya are used, but also - present - Darya Dontsova.

A meanwhile the picture when Dontsova`s books - it is virtual or real often meets - take two fingers and represent umuchenny fiiiya . How it is possible? Same so not intellectually and so primitively! Among high-sublime judges Katya Pushkareva, Petrosyan and cops with the broken lamps - to be fond of some Dontsova? Ah, what perdyumonokl.

And whether its books are so primitive?

Ya here I think that they very much even smartly also are thinly made. And for this reason perfectly are on sale. There is enough - decent circulations.

To begin with the fact that Dontsova - at all not from a plow the aunty.

Dontsova Agrippina Arkadyevna is the daughter of the writer Arkady Vasilyev and the director Moskontsert of Tamara Novatskaya.

Houses at us all walls were filled with books. We had a giving to Peredelkino. In our house there were different writers: through a fence there lived Voznesensky, we were on friendly terms with Katayev, sometimes came Christmas Long time I in general considered that all around only write. Or dance and sing - mother was the chief director of Moskontsert. I very long did not imagine that there is other literature, except Dickens, Tolstoy, Chekhov, Bunin, Kuprin... - the writer tells.

Darya graduated from faculty of journalism of MSU, worked in newspapers and magazines, taught German and was considered as the person successful. Agrippina began to write ironical detective stories to survive. In 1998 it was hospitalized where underwent three hardest operations, and the hope for fast recovery was not. Doctors pronounced a terrible sentence: the oncology, the fourth stage

Whether for offense, whether with pity to themselves, whether to spite of death, whether for fear to miss the last chance to write the detective story - Agrippina dreamed of it all life, - she stopped writing the novel Abrupt naslednichka to evening of the fifth day. And woke up from the Homeric laughter distributed from a corridor at night. This is her first reader, the duty nurse, got acquainted with peripetias of life of the lover of private investigation Dasha Vasilyeva.

So the lady it quite intelligent, and from Montaigne or Francois Rabelais`s mention too under a table will not be hammered.

Main part. Dontsova`s riddle: indicators

So, in what a riddle of appeal of its books for simple reader ? Or for simple reader ?

The matter is that in its text everywhere indicators are hided by . Such mental candies (not to confuse to menthol). It realizes to the reader - unrealized. our inhibited desires and unrealizable dreams. we Will sort

one after another. Main characters at it three: Dasha Vasilyeva, Viola Tarakanova and Lamp. At all three much in common.

1. Personal features

All her heroines are ordinary poor women of average years . That is those who, allegedly, also buy its books and pocketbooks. Therefore the reader subconsciously feels: the heroine - just as I.

I what they, these women? And here what.

and) impractical - is in detail described by how they buy that unprofitable and low-quality, miss an opportunity to make a fast buck, the purse will be lost. And to whom it did not happen? You read and rejoice - not I one got, here it has a purchase for the third day razlezlas too...

) at all her heroines the difficult childhood that too is very typical. Who what had a childhood, but a little at whom it did without scarcity, family disorders, housing narrowness and the other moments of the developed socialism. Again resonance moment: oh, and we had it! (the narrowness, quarrels tortured by work mother, the drinking neighbors - and so forth and so forth)

in) All of them are clumsies . They joyfully declare to the reader what to sew - are not able to knit, only pachkovy pelmeni are able to prepare, from cleaning fly into a rage etc. Here the reader if is not able too - rejoices that not she one such and if is able - especially rejoices that is able. Already pleasantly.

of) All of them are sloggers , at least in the first half of the life stuck as horses and caught for what got. Very few people consider himself lazy, even the real idlers (they are especially sure that they awfully overtired), so and there is an identification moment.

d) U them problem with autodriving . And who did not have them? Only at those who have no car. Who has it, those remember how they learned to drive and at whom is not present - rejoice that is not present.

e) And at last - at some moment of a plot was lucky all of them, they found the ecological niche. To Darya the inheritance broke off, Viola began to write books, and the Lamp was arranged to work with the detective story. And me will carry , the reader rejoices: if everything still was in the same way as at them why and farther not to be?

2. Marital status Here they differ in

: Dasha was married four times and everything is unsuccessful, the Lamp once and not for long, and Viola is happily married to the fatty. Here the choice is offered to readers with whom to identify itself. Wisely.

All three heroines live communes. The lamp - together with a family of the girlfriend and a lot of children, Viola with the husband - too together with the married girlfriend and a lot of children, Darya though lives in a huge mansion, but too with a lot of children, grandsons, servants and guests who are infinitely running to them. And at all three a lot of animals - a great number of dogs, several cats, some hamsters, toads, and still to them constantly leave on overexposure parrots, a monitor lizard, still whom. Here too the indicator works : those who want to get animals, but cannot - envy true envy. Those who have animals - sob from mutual understanding and common problems (wool, walking, the gobbled-up slippers and so forth and so forth) ...

Children at all three heroines - the receptions adopted, but darlings. It well characterizes their kindness and generally too causes sympathy: who had no feeling of pity at acquaintance to sad destinies of different orphans? It is enough situations, on only one TV how many show lovely crumbs which need a shelter and heat? But we will regret - we will regret, and to itself to take everything - we cannot. And in the book - please, it takes them, and all as well as possible, love the friend to the friend better than the family. Again moment of unrealized latent desires.

3. Charity

Here we smoothly turned to a question of blessings. Word charity by efforts of journalists of the Soviet period got a negative connotation: so, bourgeois whim. On it we will not stop, we will notice just expression to create the benefit i.e. to do good, it seems, means nothing bad. It is clear, that each reader who is not suffering from a severe form of a mental disease would like to do good. But alas - it is rare when it is possible: there is no money for distribution by the person in need, it is impossible to pick up all dumping kittens and puppies too, to talk over with all old women who are eager for the interlocutor - just there is never time. Though every time, passing by the thrown kitten or getting off the boring old geezer, we test a remorse which we habitually press in a germ. Because to live - that is necessary.

A here the heroine Dontsova - by do not pass. They devoutly nurse all thrown animals, long talk to all lonely grandmothers, and having learned that the granny needs, rush in shop and gather huge pakovana of all food and supplies from grain to batteries there. The grandmother (the grandfather is more rare) waters with gratitude and tells the heroine the invaluable facts for investigation. All are happy. Quite often rich Dasha suits the orphan in a safe family, and defines the lonely grandmother in a good paid almshouse. All three heroines constantly help friends and neighbors - books literally - are filled by descriptions of neighbour`s and podruzhy mutual aid.

4. Collateral stories

Besides the main subject line, in Dontsova`s detectives as in fairy tales of 1001 nights, a rastykan a heap of small episodes - all her casual interlocutors, witnesses and persons involved in a plot as who are brought tell stories of the lives. And such acquaintances and recognizable lines of reality as appear in all these stories:

- poverty and poor life (especially outside Moscow),

- general alcoholism (especially men), - a whip-round for treatment,

- men - the goats who are living off wives and mocking at them

- and women work with

as a horse, fight to support children and the man who lowered hands,

- youth - maids - stervoza and guys - idlers, ignoramuses and ignoramuses, wish nothing except entertainments, bumkayushchy music and at all boors and idlers, only and dream that to become show - stars, and do not wish to stick for this purpose...

The listed points - it one in one conversation in any turn in policlinic ! How the reader will not like and will not sit down on these wise books, how on sweet means for calm of nerves?

Conclusion. I lira woke up good feelings

However, it should be noted that in Dontsova`s books the good generally always triumphs. And the reader feels a little bit more successfully, more cleverly (guessed, who the murderer!). And villains choke with own evil, criminals go to jail, virtuous at last catch the good luck, lonely find couple, and quarreled - are reconciled. Orphans find new families, and lonely old women find decent conditions in boarding houses.

I in it is also the very typical reason - why stupid Brazilian series and waste literature are popular. And why Dontsova in 5 - 6 years had already more than 70 books, and all of them are bought up as pies. There is a wish that won against good - here it this genre and wins. Also it is impossible to tell so unambiguously that it is bad.