What is the bee theft?
Sometimes on apiaries are observed such situation: bees of one beehive ruthlessly rob the next beehive. And at both “ at war “ the parties losses are observed. Why it occurs and how to fight against it?
During a bezvzyatochny time when bees do not manage to get nectar, they can begin to steal medical from neighbors, in other family. “ To Robbery “ families weak, for example lost a uterus are exposed to a thicket. If you on an apiary have such families, it is better to get rid of them. Families, izderganny by the owner of an apiary, his continuous inept survey of a beehive are weakened. At survey, having opened a beehive, long you do not keep it in such state, do not irritate bees. Open for a while, and either in the morning, or in the evening.
After survey do not leave pieces of wax, a droplet of honey, sugar syrup about a beehive not to attract bees - thieves. It is better to feed up weak families not in full view of all “ publics “ - in the white afternoon, and in the evening, secretly from other families. It is easier for thieves to make the way in that beehive which gapes cracks. It is necessary to regulate the size a letka depending on force of a family and a bribe all the time. Without need not to leave an opening too big not to give the chance to get through it to strangers. When thieves act openly, it is easy to find them. They gather groups and fiercely fight at a letka, pinch, sting each other and quite often perish. Having seen such picture, the beekeeper can take emergency measures.
It is more difficult to reveal the hidden theft. In bezvzyatochny time it can be distinguished on intensive summer of bees on an apiary from early morning to late evening. However without a fight. Thieves enter a beehive with empty zobika, and leave with filled. In a case “ silent robbery “ on the top whetstones under holstik family nests - the thief drop mint, valerian tinctures or cologne. Insects will get other smell and then will easily find them in others beehive.
At an affected family a letka reduce the sizes so that through it could creep only one or two bees. In these conditions theft takes the open form at once and the robbed family begins to protect the beehive. Apply also other means. For example, systematically fumigate a family letok - the victims, attach sideways from it the tags made of cloth impregnated with formalin, lizoly, kreoliny, kerosene. To a letka also attach a glass, wooden or clay tubule 8 - 10 cm long, diameter sufficient for pass only of one bee.
The insect can get to such beehive only through this tubule. Then thieves necessarily reduce the vigorous activity, and then at all stop it. If these measures on help, it is expedient to clean a weak family for three days to the cold dark cellar (only do not forget to provide bees with water) or to take away on 3 - 4 km from an apiary. Replace the removed beehive with another, empty, the same coloring and put in it is mute a jar with kerosene for scaring away of bees - thieves. After time the beehive with an affected family can be put on the place (make it in the evening). Letok in is mute some time let still will stay the reduced size.
As you can see, in a case with bees, the methods which are based on deception are the most effective methods. However you should not believe that in the same way it is possible to arrive also concerning other insects from group of cheshuychatokryly. For example, wild bees on similar deception do not give in and as if you did not splash yourself kerosene, all the same in a beehive to them behind honey to you not to climb up. Only fire, not a smoke, and fire will help. Wild breeds cheshuychatokryly “ were brought up “ in more severe conditions of environment, than them “ coddled “ the cultivated fellows.