Rus Articles Journal

Why in England left-hand traffic?

in Russia and many other countries are accepted Now right-hand traffic on roads. There are also countries with left-hand traffic. In the modern world it is Ireland, Great Britain, Japan, the Republic of South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore and a number of the African countries. Let`s try to understand why there was such situation.

Traditions of left-hand and right-hand traffic arose long before the invention of the car.

On one of versions, right-hand traffic arose in Europe at the time of the Middle Ages when on narrow roads between settlements there went not cars, and riders by horses. All of them were armed. Riders held a board in the left hand to be protected in case of sudden attack therefore they kept to the right. There is one more version of emergence of right-hand traffic: when horse vehicles parted, it was easier to direct crew to a roadside to the right, pulling reins the right hand which at most of people is more developed. Years passed, vehicles changed, and the tradition remained It is considered

that left-hand traffic arose in England. This island state was connected with the outside world only maritime routes, navigation actively developed. For streamlining of the movement of vessels sea department issued the decree under which the ships were obliged to keep to the left. Later this rule extended also to highways, and also passed to all countries which are under the influence of Britain. Some adhere to it still. One more version connects tradition of left-hand traffic with the fact that when on streets horse vehicles moved, the driver held a whip in the right hand and, driving horses, could touch pedestrians. Therefore crews had to go on the left side.

As for our country, in 1752 the Russian empress Elizabeth Petrovna issued the decree on introduction on streets of the Russian cities of right-hand traffic for carriages and carriers.

At different times in many countries left-hand traffic was accepted, but they passed to new rules. For example, from - for the neighbourhoods with the countries which were the French colonies having right-hand traffic, rules replaced the former British colonies in Africa. Democratic People`s Republic of Korea and South Korea changed left-hand traffic on right-hand in 1946, after the end of the Japanese occupation.

Sweden was one of the last countries which passed from left-hand traffic to right-hand. It happened in 1967. Preparation for reform began in 1963 when the Swedish parliament formed the State commission on transition to right-hand traffic which had to develop and put into practice a package of measures for ensuring such transition. On September 3, 1967 at 4:50 in the morning all vehicles had to stop, replace side of the road and continue the movement at 5:00. Initially after transition the special mode of restriction of speed was set.

To tourists who come to the country with the movement, unusual for them, recommend not to drive for safety the car independently, and to resort to services of the driver.