What we know about the author of the picture “ Peresvet`s Duel with Chelubey? “
on September 18, 1882 in St. Petersburg Mikhail Ivanovich Avilov was born. Since young years the boy liked to draw, and parents encouraged this occupation. They became initiators of arrival of the son in Drawing school “ Societies of encouragement of arts “ there was it when to Mikhail also 11 years were not executed.
After the termination of a gymnasium Mikhail appeared before a dilemma: to continue studies drawing or to enter the institute. But the love to a brush everything is moved. It came to Lev Evgrafyevich Dmitriyev`s studio - Caucasian, known for the numerous etchings of pictures and engravings. Study at the master - the engraver proceeded within a year, and then Mikhail understood that engravings are not his way, and came as the auditor to Academy of Arts.
Here he was lucky more. Guardianship over the young man was taken by the master of panoramic painting Franz Alekseevich Rubo, the author of the battle cloths which appeared during Avilov`s study “ Attack of the Novocherkassk regiment in fight on the river Shakhe “ and “ Borodino fight “ and also Nikolay Semenovich Samokish, too the fan of a battle painting who remained in the history the most known cloth created is much later - “ Transition of Red Army through Sivash. From each of these masters Mikhail took something special, but in the years of study in Academies of Arts which proceeded 10 years, Avilov paid special attention to the exact image of details of equipment, uniforms, the weapon. And “ fad “ the beginning painter of battle-pieces there were sketches of prompt run of a horse. Not incidentally Mikhail Ivanovich devoted a lot of time to sketches from nature, often vanishing on a hippodrome.
However, he also could not assume that soon his life will abruptly change. Mikhail Ivanovich met the beginning of war in the capital of the Russian Empire and quite could avoid mobilization as already then showed promises. But he decided that in such difficult moments it is impossible to sit out behind backs of others and the volunteer left on the front. Nearly four military years Avilov in a soldier`s overcoat carried out, protopeahens all military roads by the ordinary fighter. But, when it returned to St. Petersburg, it was already not the enthusiastic young man, but the man grated by life.
Such change could not but affect also his creativity. Now it safely undertook to what it did not decide to be risen earlier. And three years, since 1918 on 1921, carried out in Tyumen where he actually was responsible for registration of the city during all festivals, left the mark too - Mikhail Ivanovich mastered “ scope “ to it it became already close within a usual portrait or a sketch.
It began everything - from far away, with a cloth “ Workers bring guns to Pugachev “. But subjects of civil war, subject of courage of the proletariat already “ knocked at the doors “. The Tyumen memoirs served as good help in writing of a cloth “ Siberian guerrillas “ created in 1926, and one of sign pictures of the artist - " appeared a year later; Break of the Polish front by army of Budenny “. It is necessary to add that all these years (up to 1930 - go) Mikhail Ivanovich teaches in Leningrad artly - industrial technical school. However, some students did not know why along with battle cloths their idol creates also posters, but Avilov patiently answered that any work is a step to new, more considerable work.
When the Great Patriotic War began, to Mikhail Ivanovich there was already nearly 60. For the second time “ focus “ with the voluntary accession to army did not pass, it was softly hinted in a military registration and enlistment office that its weapon not a rifle, but a brush. “ Here if you write something patriotic, considerable, capable to stir the Soviet people to ruthless action against fascists is and there will be your important contribution to a victory. And the enemy we, the grandfather, and without you will break “ - the young military who is suiting for grandsons in plain terms told it. This thought haunted also Avilov. He conceived work on a cloth which brought it the greatest glory.
“ Peresvet`s Duel with Chelubey “ it began to be created in those days when the enemy was torn to Stalingrad. All Soviet people with dying down watched how Red Army men - heroes battle, clinging to each plot of the native earth. And this heroic defense gave to Avilov new forces.
“ Duel “ became a peculiar gift to the Soviet soldiers who crushed the enemy at Kursk and the Eagle, and drove fascists far on the West. Of course, did not do also without figurative comparisons. Many “ considered “ in Peresvet`s image of Iosif Vissarionovich, and in the leader of powers of darkness, naturally, the Fuhrer. However, historians hid from broad masses that in this duel practically right after its beginning both fell - both Peresvet, and Chelubey.
But Avilov`s cloth, without any exaggeration, became the same symbol of the Great Patriotic War as Ilya Ehrenburg`s reportings, messages of Sovinformburo or a caricature Kukryniksov.
A year later after the termination of the Great Patriotic War for the picture “ Peresvet`s Duel with Chelubey “ Mikhail Ivanovich Avilov got the Stalin award. Next year he becomes the full member of Academy of Arts of the USSR, in a year of death of Stalin - the national artist of the USSR. Teaches at Institute of painting, a sculpture and architecture of I. E. Repin in Leningrad.
Mikhail Ivanovich died on April 14, 1954 on 72 - m to year of life. He is buried in Aleksandro - the Nevsky monastery. And picture “ Peresvet`s Duel with Chelubey “ anyone can see in the State Russian Museum.