“ I to you constructed the Isaakiyevsky arch … “ (Who such Isaak Zaltzman?)
to Chelyabinsk arrived on October 11, 1941 sixteen people. The group was headed by Isaak Moiseevich Zaltzman. He became the new director of Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant and at the same time - the deputy national commissioner of the tank industry of the USSR.
In a month Zaltzman cut a scarlet tape, and from the territory of plant there was the first KV Chelyabinsk tank (“ Klim Voroshilov “) .
History does not know such examples that within one month all plant was reconstructed on production of new cars. It is considered that technically it is impossible. Zaltzman proved: perhaps.
Isaak Moiseevich Zaltzman was born on December 9, 1905 in the town of Tomashpol under Vinnitsey. The father is a tailor, a family - having many children, Isaak earned additionally on cleaning of sugar beet. Graduated from school, then the Odessa polytechnical institute, received the direction on Putilovsky plant in Leningrad. Began to work as the shift foreman, for incomplete five years there passed the way to the director of this of the largest then in the USSR of the defensive enterprise (tanks, artillery, turbines, motors) … Zaltzman is appointed the plant manager in 1938.
War began. From Leningrad the part of capacities and personnel was evacuated to the Urals. Isaak Zaltzman, the director of Kirov Plant in Leningrad, headed the Chelyabinsk Kirov (tractor) Plant.
Summer of 1942 Zaltzman received the instruction to begin release of the average tank T - 34: the first “ tridtsatchetverka “ descended from the conveyor of all in a month with small.
Brilliant organizer, rigid and times cruel head. There is its track record:
“ Zaltzman Isaak Moiseevich (26. 11. 1905, the settlement of Tomashpol of the Yampolsky County of the Podolsk province - 17. 07. 1988), the statesman, the general - the major inzhenerno - tank service (1945), Hera of Socialist Work (1941), the winner of the Stalin award (1946). Tailor`s son. Got an education at the Odessa industrial institute (1933). Since 1919 worked at sugar plant, since 1924 - at Komsomol work in Ukraine. In 1928 entered All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks). Since 1933 worked as the engineer at " plant; Red putilovets “ (Leningrad; since 1934 - Kirov Plant) where in 1938 - 1942 held the director`s post. One of organizers of the tank industry during the Great Patriotic War. Continued to direct plant during blockade. After evacuation of plant to the Urals since 1942 the plant manager of a name of Komintern (Sverdlovsk region) and the Kirov engineering and steel works (Chelyabinsk). Along with 1941 deputies of the people`s commissar, 14. 07. 1942 - 28. 06. 1943 people`s commissar of the tank industry of the USSR. In 1943 - 1949 director of Kirov Plant in Chelyabinsk. In 1946 - 1950 deputy of the Supreme Council of the USSR. In September, 1949 it is expelled from All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) and discharged from office. Hardly got a job the engineer on engineering plant in Murom, then it was translated in the Eagle. After I. V. Stalin`s death, in 1955 it is restored in party. Since 1957 the Lengosles, since 1959 the director of mechanical plant Lengorispolkoma worked in trust. “
In 1949 after removal from work it was banished to Murom (on some sources - to Galich)...
Zaltzman, being the ordinary master, kept all the ranks, awards and even nominal membership in the Supreme Council of the USSR.
“ So Stalin solved. And Zaltzman, talking to me, very precisely defined a true meaning of this decision. Here was not as some naive people considered, neither forgetfulness, nor, especially, nobility, and there was a Jesuit calculation in which the Kremlin despot differed in unsurpassed skill: let this former people`s commissar will remain at all the ranks, regalia and a deputy badge - at the lowest shop position. - the people will gossip for a while, will amuse, will gloat over destiny of the former big chief - and at the same time once again will estimate kindness and nobility of the leader. “ (B. Chernyakov)
Being in exile in Murom, disgraced Zaltzman came to the day off in full dress in city restaurant and ordered three on hundred grams: for Zaltzman`s Hero, for the general Zaltzman and for the people`s commissar Zaltzman. So tell …
In the letter to R. Shneyvays: “ How there was a destiny of my family? When I returned to Leningrad, my children, the son and the daughter, studied at institute. Mine the wife, mother and the sister lived in a basement … Then, when I was invited to work as the chief engineer “ Lengarmsa “ both life, and family life improved. Further on my labor way - constructed under my management it is skilled - mechanical plant … Worked excitedly, feeling that I am still necessary to the Homeland. In 1986 I retired. Bitterly endured death of the wife. Directed all remained efforts to education of grandsons and great-grandsons, finding in it pleasure of life. Very much I hope that to death I will be able to see still Chelyabinsk, nice Tankograd … “
As write, I. M. Zaltzman was not in Chelyabinsk - those who drowned in due time did not risk to invite him.
And memory of it lived (can be, and lives to this day) very long. Among acquaintances of my mother there were people working in contact with Zaltzman. From one of them - Grigory Lvovich Bizer - I also heard this story.
On entry into Traktorozavodsky district over the road there was an arch with the slogan “ Glory to great Stalin! “. (As well as plant) Isaak Zaltzman was an owner of the area. And so attribute it words: “ I to you constructed the Isaakiyevsky arch, I to you still will construct St. Isaac`s Cathedral! “.
Who knows? At its abilities, maybe, also there would be in Chelyabinsk a cathedral put by Isaak Zaltzman!