How potato of the wood and the river ruined?
enter the conflict with the nature of people during the movement on a way of progress. The evident evidence of eternal fight of the person against the nature we can observe a set. An obvious example - it is rare when around the cities - big or small - you will see how many - nibud the decent woods.
In that area in which I live struck me not that lack of the woods only about the regional center. Having done a bit of traveling on the area, I was convinced: the woods are only on borders of the area and they are weed, obviously recent. And edge - forest, in the neighboring areas and now are engaged in cutting down and cultivation of the wood.
As it appeared, this “ bald head “ in the middle of forest edge the local nature is obliged to the person. The region accustomed for centuries, very intensively. Documents of the end of the 17th century show quite dense population of the district and its very thorough inclusiveness in an agricultural turn. Moreover, as it appears, peasants not just went in for agriculture - they chose its most intensive forms - cultivation of potatoes and vegetables.
Here vegetables and potatoes also struck the most notable blow to the local nature in the 19th century. As during this time of local industrial revolution ovoshchesushilny, kartofeleterochny, krakhmalosushilny, dekstrinny and other zavodik began to arise nearly in each settlement. Were intensively felled trees - fuel was necessary for zavodik.
These “ industrial institutions “ were extremely primitive. A barn with the terochny device and the wooden pump for water, the horse drive on 1 - 2 horse; tubs for upholding of potato flour. Starch was washed on manual sets. These plants 1 worked - 2 months in a year, often were arranged urgently - for example, from - for bad weathers, difficulties with sale, unexpectedly big crop.
They did harm to the nature huge. And, as it became clear, not so much by the fact that for drying of starch it was required to reduce the wood on fuel. As it is clear, for work water was required for them. And for washing of potato, and for office of starch. Went to withdrawal so-called “ juice " waters; - they could not be lowered to the rivers, it was impossible to clear in settlers, it was impossible to use for an irrigation (plants stood on coast of the rivers, and for this purpose that “ juice " waters; it was possible to give on fields for an irrigation - it is necessary that these plants stood above fields).
Already by the beginning of the 20th century the situation turned out so intense that it was discussed not in district, and in provincial territorial meeting. At the same time, by the way, also other troubles from broad development in the region of productions on processing of agricultural products came to light.
With reference to statistical data the provincial medical inspector reported on high meeting that the county in which cottage industry is so developed takes in the province the third place on mortality of the population, demanded: it is necessary not to dump production wastes to the rivers at all. However practical zemets had to mean: “ any constraint kartofelno - terochny production has to respond is extremely unprofitable on country welfare “.
Generally, that accepted meeting, as well as it was required, “ vague “ the decision - in - the first that handicraftsmen reported about the new or reconstructed zavodika in a territorial justice, in - the second that “ juice and washing " waters; lowered in settling wells, and after that - in ravines, the rivers, lakes...
And the most important - in the solution of provincial meeting of it was written down: “ rules, kotoryya have to be observed in production, should not prevent emergence of the production " at all;. And handicraft works existed and developed, developed...
And vrachebno - sanitary supervision over statistics of diseases and mortality in the county still stubborn said data that “ something “ it is unsuccessful. However, as well as nowadays, isn`t it? Patients die, living - fight against the nature.
For reference: to many such handicraft plants the end in 1930 - e years came. “ Manufacturers “ raskulachivat, cleaned on different categories - or with eviction on bad lands here, in the county, or sent to Siberia. By the end of 1970 - x years within the county there were no more than five plants occupied with processing only of potatoes. In the regional center where I lived, in the certain days which are characterized by a certain direction of wind, presence of starched plant was felt obviously - on peculiar and very unpleasant smell...