How vodka came to Belarus?
On open spaces of the CIS approach the people popular drink more and more - vodka. Life rises in price, but mixed presidents with an assembly of assistants seek to keep the prices at the level sufficient for a rapid turnover of a container. And very skillfully maintain balance between fullness of the budget and completeness of national pockets. Them abilities and to switch to other products, more useful to health. The price to people would not be.
Well, it I so, painfully life get, especially when will take in head to walk in the evening. Generally article not about present customs, and about affairs of already last days.
For the first time vodka appeared in the cities and rural lands Belarusian, being then a part of Grand Duchy of Lithuania, at a turn of the XV-XVI centuries. Exact time of its invention, as well as the author`s nationality, it is already impossible to establish, but those centuries taverns and taverns divorced at each intersection.
By the way, drinkable policy of governors of VKL of those years you will not call logical. On the one hand, various shanks grew by leaps and bounds, with another - the drunkard did not reckon as a person at all, his rights were not protected by the law in any way. The statute (constitution) of 1588 exempted from liability even of his murderers.
Strong drink was called to the degtena, or wine burned. From this name also went Belarusian “ garelka “. Despite relative high cost, “ positive “ its qualities allowed to force out practically from the use traditional beer and honey. By the end of the 17th century the vodka reign which did not end and began today.
In the shlyakhetsky environment tinctures and fruit liqueurs were popular. Well-known now “ Zubrovka “ and “ Starck “ were born at that time. Did not do also without delicacy: in each bottle popular in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the successor of Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Gdansk vodka, infused on herbs and korenye, several petals of a gold foil floated.
Fortress of vodka fluctuated from 15 - 20 degrees at “ idle time “ to 70 at “ akavita “. It is curious that there was the last as pharmaceutical solvent for tinctures of medicinal herbs. But there is no limit to appetites. Product “ to spoil “ soon ceased.
In the 19th century production of burned wine became a primary branch of the food industry. In any it is not enough - malsk the large settlement worked minidistilleries - “ brovara “ with success the satisfying constantly growing requirements. At that time about 16 liters bitter in a year were the share of each Belarusian. The impressive figure, though grows dim in comparison with present 30 - yu.
Achieved impressive results thanks to potatoes. Prime cost “ bulbyany “ was four times lower “ grain “. By the beginning of the 20th century a third of commodity turnover of the Belarusian provinces was made by alcohol. More than seven hundred spirtzavodik tirelessly drove bitter and made up for it even on 170 thousand tons per year. Perhaps those years there were also potatoes a national crop, and to Belarusians the nickname " was strongly pasted; bulbash “? To provide the first place in the Russian Empire on release of drinkable production, a lot of raw materials were required.
It is impossible to tell that absolutely did not fight against alcoholism. The church fought, society fought. But the economy always outweighed. The income grew to whom business to drunkards.
So as we see, vodka traditions in Belarus really centuries-old. But the one who in attempt to justify own alcoholism calls vodka a primordial national product all - is mistaken.