What changed in Lithuania after the accession to the European Union? Part 2
In the first part I told that changed in Lithuania to the best. Of course, as speak, the onlooker sees most of the game. But why such big percent of the population (71,4%) considers that negative after the accession to the EU it is more?
In - the first, right after admission of Lithuania in the European community the prices of the majority of products and industrial goods, and also of drugs sharply jumped up. Very much tobacco products and gasoline, gas and the electric power rose in price. The rent, especially the prices of heating grew. At the same time the salary increases much more slowly and not really much more. Hard is to pensioners, (as, however, and at us), especially, if the pensioner - the single. The most part of pension goes to the winter period on payment of the apartment, and to eat on what money? Also the retirement age increased. Now men retire in 62,5, and women in 60 years. And in the long term promise to raise a retirement age still.
As for an opportunity to go over all countries, soon enough residents of Lithuania understood that the received freedom of movement directly is connected with thickness of a purse and is feasible only in the European Union. It is possible to get on a bus, the train or the plane and to go to Paris, Berlin, London, Rome if you have necessary money. It is not so simple to go out of borders of the EU. At the U.S. Embassy in Vilnius lines for visas are built in the mornings, but almost every third addressed is refused. It is not less difficult to go to the countries of the former USSR, even to the neighboring Belarus - everywhere it is necessary to buy the visa. Of course, visa-free entry into all European Union countries opened opportunities, first of all, for persons interested to make good money. As in Lithuania many industrial enterprises stopped the existence and unemployment rate is very high, many inhabitants - and young and average, and at times and advanced age, directed on the West.
In Soviet period Klaipeda was not only large seaport, but also the industrial center. There were big hlopkopryadilny, chulochny, tobacco factories, plant of the dry " elements; Sirus “ house-building combine, ship-building and three ship-repair plants, huge meat-processing plant and the fish processing enterprises, fishing fleet which contained more than 240 units of vessels at the beginning of 80 - x the International sea ferry Klaipeda - Kiel was constructed. Now from fishing fleet practically nothing remained, as well as from fish processing shops, and from meat-processing plant. With meat products Klaipeda is supplied now by the Utena combine, fish is smoked by small private smoking sheds. Long ago hlopkopryadilny, chulochny factories and " plant stopped existence; Sirius “ the output in shipbuilding and ship repair was sharply reduced.
The Western ship-repair plant constructed in the late seventies was the largest in Europe, 12 thousand people worked there, and now it is slightly more than one thousand. The house-building combine is simply demolished completely, on its place grew two huge torgovo - an entertainment complex. As a matter of fact, only the sea trade port (though there volumes were reduced) and the International sea ferry and, perhaps, " brewery steadily work; Shvituris “. Are constructed new small tobacco factory “ Philipp Morris “ and zavodik on production of plastic bottles. Of course, there is a construction, but it cannot satisfy everyone to work.
Here also there go people to the European Union countries. Agree to any work, even unqualified as in the West pay for it much more, than in the native republic. Three of my distant relatives created is repair - construction crew though before were not engaged in similar work - one worked as the technologist at plant, another went to the sea on the fishery vessel the serviceman, the third only graduated from school. And already three years go to work to Norway, repair private houses and apartments there. Earnings are much higher, than in Lithuania. The former seaman says that in Norway he in a month receives more, than in 6 months of work in the sea, and it is much better than a condition. Several familiar young families moved to Ireland, there too construction workers from Lithuania are in demand. Young women and girls go to Italy, Spain, Germany, work as maids in hotels, waitresses, cleaners, nurses there. Especially successful, knowing English, settle stewardesses on oil platforms - as a matter of fact, these are the same maids. Depart for two or three weeks, as much then stay at home. The salary is very high, but for the family and having children of women unless it is good?
There is a paradoxical situation. On the one hand, in the republic unemployment, it is not simple to get a desirable job. And on the other hand, outflow of able-bodied population to the European Union countries is so big that it is difficult for the businessmen wishing to open new productions to find skilled workers. One my colleague speaks: “ It is sad to see how right after leaving school the majority of youth leaves Lithuania and leaves on the West - either to study, or to work. Therefore in the republic there is not enough youth and many pensioners “.
If the large cities of Lithuania - Vilnius, Kaunas and Klaipeda connected by the uniform highway it is already possible to call European, then the part of the republic to the North, especially, if to go through Ukmerge and Utena to Visaginas (the city at the Ignalina NPP which before was called Snechkus), strikes with the disorder, some abandonment. The road here narrow, places broken, long ago not repaired. Is not present along the road neither platforms for rest, nor cafe, nor toilets. The thrown farms, fields overgrown with a tall weeds and a bush meet. Especially Visaginas - Snechkus struck. The city was under construction together with nuclear power plant among a magnificent pinery, on the bank of the lake. It was one of the most beautiful, well-planned young cities of Lithuania where, naturally, the Russian-speaking population prevailed. Now there are going to close the NPP, the quantity of workplaces was reduced several times. It is a lot of gaping empty “ eye-sockets “ unfinished from Soviet period, inhabited 4 - 5 - floor buildings. And that is indicative - many bums and drunkards, the phenomenon a little characteristic of other Lithuania.
The ethnic question in Lithuania is not necessary as sharply, as in Estonia or Latvia. Both in Vilnius, and in Klaipeda many Lithuanians speak in Russian; in shop, in the market, in a services sector you will be answered in Russian if you do not know Lithuanian. But here near Kaunas, in cafe on the route, we in Russian did not manage to agree, it was necessary to use English. At the Lithuanian schools Russian ceased to be taught almost, but English and German are learned quite successfully. In Klaipeda the German high school opened on the place of the Russian works. There accept children whose parents will prove that they have the German roots, and learn German from the first class, the part of objects is taught in German. The number of the Russian schools was reduced, and not only as a result of departure from the republic of many Russian families, but because that some parents try to send children at first to the Lithuanian kindergarten, then to the Lithuanian school. Such children badly speak then in Russian, and some even begin to hesitate of the fact that their parents are Russians. There is a process of assimilation of Russians in the Lithuanian society. But, probably, this process is natural to those who chose Lithuania as the place of the constant residence.
In general from a trip there were impressions that Lithuania everything is successfully will fit into structure of the EU though, maybe, not so quickly as much would like.
And if you like to have a rest in a temperate climate, visit Lithuania - you will not regret!