Who such “ Uncle Sam “?
can be considered on September 7, 1813 with good reason birthday semi-mythical “ uncles “ whose name nearly one and a half centuries, on September 15, 1961 the Congress of the USA later the resolution passed the decision to consider as the primogenitor of a national symbol of the United States. It is about the uncle Sam.
But on September 7 the watchman - the Irish unloading barrels with meat began to prove to colleagues that an abbreviation “ US “ (“ United States “), which Samuel Wilson, the supplier of meat, branded a container, means nothing else as “ Uncle Sam “ (“ Uncle Sam “) .
This baize very much amused loaders who, without ceasing, scoffed at the watchman, setting the same question in the mornings: “ Well, and today the uncle Sam sent you beef? “. And a bit later this history with the unlucky Irish removed to newsdealers who ornamented “ miss “ the poorly educated watchman in flowers and paints.
However, color and paints not journalists, but artists added to an image of the careful uncle. So, nearly forty years later, on March 13, 1852, a nu - the York newspaper “ Lamp “ for the first time printed a caricature “ Uncle Sam “ made the artist Frank Henry Bellyyu.
However the most known around the world “ portrait “ “ Uncle Sam “ the artist James Montgomery Flegg created. It represented the strict bearded gentleman in a kettle of flowers of national flag. It threateningly directs a finger towards each American passing by the poster: “ Remember, I need you! “. “ Uncle Sam “ needs each American - the defender in the years of war and the honest taxpayer in a peace time.
This image was mercilessly operated then also in the Soviet Russia during civil war. Dmitry Stakhiyevich Moor (a real name - Eagles) drew the terrible moustached Red Army man in a budenovka who tycht a finger in the first comer and questions: “ You registered the volunteer? “. The main composition method - the image of any character with the severe look turned on the viewer and imperative gesture of the right hand - was not a novelty. To Moor pointed out almost mirror similarity to the English military poster of 1914 " more than once; Who is absent? Whether you? “ where fat John Boole addressed the viewer, drawing his attention to an empty seat in a system of soldiers.
Several words about Samuel Wilson (some say a surname into English of manners - Vilson). He was born on September 13 in 1776 in the small town of Arlington (State of Massachusetts). Having spent the childhood and youth to New - Hampshire, he together with the brother Ibnezer in 1789 moved to New - York. Also was engaged in trade.
When in 1812 war between the USA and England burst, Wilson was quite prosperous person and occupied in community of a nu - York dealers one of the leading places. And when there was a question of the one to whom to charge deliveries of meat for the American army, one of the first remembered Samuel Wilson. It equaled hopes and enjoyed wide popularity. Markitanta out of respect began to call him Uncle Sam. And the Irish - the watchman, out of any doubts, heard this name.
However, in many American festive calendars it is reported that the first graphic creator of an image “ Uncle Sam “ the artist Thomas Nast is. But here everything is too obvious “ it is farfetched “ - Thomas Nast was born only in 1840, for thousands of miles from the USA, in Bavaria.
Historical injustice - any original portrait of Samuel Wilson till our times did not remain. But there was quite well-groomed grave on one of a nu - York cemeteries where on a big gray stone the memorial plate demonstrating that Samuel Wilson exactly here found the last shelter is established. He lived quite long life and fell short of the 80 - the anniversaries only two years.
It is necessary to add that Americans, greedy till holidays, note on March 13 (I will remind, this day the first graphic representation of an image of the Uncle Sam appeared) as Day of the Uncle Sam.
In popularity can argue with it unless the uncle Scrooge and the uncle Ben (whom at us call Ankl Bens). But agree that they suit respectable Sam unless in a pr - a pr - great-grandsons. And will hardly manage to stick so strongly in the history …