Who are they are alcoholics and whether it is possible to win against a green serpent?
It is necessary to treat not an illness, and the patient.
the alcoholic`s Stereotype which is as follows: fell unshaven, with the inflamed eyes, the type shaking at doors of shop or rolling under a fence. From - for this of a stereotype of people, having alcoholism, often is afraid to admit the illness, and constantly looks for a justification: in a family it is not got on, problems with the administration …
Alcohol are a drug (by definition of World Health Organization). It causes euphoria - a condition of high spirits, illusory leaving from the life. Alcohol simplifies acquaintance, takes off fatigue, and for teenagers allegedly serves as means of self-affirmation. But the trouble is that all these, in general, merits, when accustoming to alcohol are transformed, and then into the forefront weak will, levity, falsity acts. In a state of intoxication the person becomes unrecognizable: it is excited, talkative and pugnacious. Having sobered up, as a rule, remembers nothing, extremely is upset, regrets, apologizes. Excitement is succeeded by a headache, the general weakness, depression.
It is considered that alcohol is irreplaceable at meetings, holidays and parties. Many claim that, having drunk, they feel more relaxedly and comfortably for what they allegedly and drink. But fun under the influence of alcohol is an anesthesia, and the seeming comfort - illusion for which it is necessary to pay. Unfortunately, occurs in our society indulgently - the complacent relation to alcoholism. Drunk seldom who considers as the patient, intoxication quickly passes. In practice - alcoholic drinks even in small quantity are not harmless. Happens that “ useful “ liqueur glasses at a table lead to the hardest disease - alcoholism.
The person who is daily using 100 - 200 grams of vodka quickly becomes an alcoholic. The organism demands a new portion while action previous did not take place yet. There is a need for a permanent state of intoxication, one of external signs of which is “ anticipation “. And then meetings with friends any more, except binge, are followed by nothing; theatrical representations “ are looked through “ in buffet, feverish search " begins; pretexts “: to whom to go whom to invite, “ it should be noted “. Then dawns on thought that it is optional to go to someone, it is possible and alone with itself “ to sit “ it is possible and quickly - in shop, a public garden, an entrance...
Alcoholics not necessarily roll under a fence. Most often they are decently dressed, go to work, have families. But they are alcoholics. And in panic being afraid of this brand, hide trouble “ to the last “ appealing about the help only when came already far. That is why first of all it is important to remove a brand of socially outcast person from the alcoholic, and further - to provide it the most various methods of treatment.
One of paradoxes of alcoholism is the blindness and deafness in relation to any information menacing to the partner in life - alcohol. All attempts of the family to convince the alcoholic to begin treatment meet a contradiction. “ Saws, I drink, and I will drink “ - here motto of self-satisfied alcoholism. It is important to understand that the person also really does not see and does not hear, but does not pretend to be as in an organism compulsory installation on alcoholism is formed. It is an alcoholic anozognoziya - underestimation or denial by the person of the state, inability to comprehend an illness owing to defeat of that body by means of which it can be comprehended. Long alcohol intake leads to destruction of the highest level of consciousness - moral and ethical, that is why the drunkard is deaf to any appeals morally - ethical sense, impenetrable is his conscience.
Alcoholization leads to decrease in sensitivity to the pain signaling about pathological changes in zheludochno - intestinal and is warm - vascular system. The termination of reception of alcohol removes the anesthetizing effect and lets know to the person that it is sick. But, in connection with paradoxical nature of alcoholism instead of reflecting and beginning treatment, the person “ cheers up “ in the old tested way - alcoholism. The symptom " is known; last time “: “ Here now I will drink also all “. The next failure shows hopelessness of a similar demarche because as any drug, alcohol is capable to attract to itself, causes requirement to drink still.
The professional qualification loss, dismissal, scandals, a gap with a family accompanying alcoholism of a disease (it is warm - vascular, cirrhosis, impotence and others) turn into a wreck still the recent reveller … The Renaissance is extremely difficult, alcoholization reconstructs all system of values, and in the course of treatment it is necessary to make the return reconstruction. Only the victim can make it. But, as himself cannot be lifted for hair, he is not able to make it … The external psychological support is necessary for it.
Today on arms of physicians - the whole arsenal of the medicamentous and medicineless means and methods allowing to stop hard drinking, to detoksitsirovat an organism, to normalize a metabolism, to restore appetite and a dream. The physician can help to break off a vicious circle, but it cannot prevent to start over again. That is why an important step on the way to sobering up is the psychotherapy.
Outstanding psychotherapist of the beginning of the last century V. M. Bekhterev developed the whole system of group psychotherapy which, in a complex with other methods, works and nowadays. It consists of three components: group conversation (where patients learn the facts of influence of alcohol on an organism), antialcoholic suggestion (where to them installation on sober life takes root) and training in antialcoholic auto-suggestion. At the same time it is important to meet one condition: the person himself has to want to stop drinking and to be adjusted on positive result. And not incidentally still the Syrian doctor of the 13th century Abu Al Faraj told: we are three: doctor, patient and illness. If the patient helps the doctor - that us two (the doctor and the patient) against one (illness). And then it will recede. If the patient does not help the doctor - that the patient and an illness unite together.
At treatment the purpose to return to " is not set at all; socially accepted “ to alcohol consumption to learn to drink “ on slightly - slightly “. Absolute abstention - there is no other way out. Unfortunately, today attempts to solve this problem are resisted by dependence of our economy on sale of alcohol, conservatism of drinkable traditions and “ drinkable culture “ operating alcohol as the fundamental value of life …