Who was the author of idea of the first teleconference of the USSR - the USA?
on September 1, 1982, 25 years ago, in the Californian town San - Bernardino began fate - a festival. One of his heads - the technical genius Steve Wozniak, the head of world famous firm “ Apple “ offered “ to expand “ number of the viewers at the expense of huge, the floor house 2 - 3 high, TV screens. Thus, people could communicate with each other and express the opinion, being at some distance from each other.
The first day showed that such form of communication, despite all the singularity, is very attractive. “ Audience “ fate - a festival considerably extended. And at Steve Wozniak to a descent the idea " was born; to make a throw across the ocean “ having connected the American youth with Soviet. He called Moscow, to the familiar screenwriter Iosif Goldin and suggested that to talk over with heads of Gosteleradio of the USSR regarding carrying out a teleconference by means of space communication.
Americans expected anything, but only not efficiency. But unexpectedly the management of Gosteleradio agreed. On preparation of action left two - three days, and in the night of September 5 the teleconference already went on the air.
Why business was so quickly coped? As one of its participants remembers, both parties besides entertaining, pursued a specific goal: Americans wanted to be convinced that in “ backwoods “ who is called the USSR, music per se does not exist. We had opposite aspirations - to show to all country what can bring the rotting capitalism to even if nearly 250 thousand young Americans who actively proved on fate - the " festival participated in music …
From the American side in it; We “. - in studio Alla Pugacheva, Stas Namin`s ensembles and " came from Soviet; Russian song “ vokalno - tool " ensembles; Flame “ “ " Loudspeaker; “ Sunday “ some other variety groups.
Participants of a teleconference not only could see each other, ask questions and right there hear on them answers, but also carry on musical dialogue. Staged a teleconference from the Soviet party Yuli Gusman, the famous TV reporters Vladimir Posner and Phil Donakhyyu acted as leaders. Yes, yes, Vladimir Posner - he still with warmth remembers that time, considering that the first teleconference became it “ permit “ in big television.
, How tense were then the relations of the USA and the USSR can be judged by Steve Wozniak`s memoirs. There are his words: “ I grew, being afraid of Councils - the Soviet people, the Soviet values. They were always represented by brutal; we - that knew well that our way of life correct “.
This fear took so terrifying forms that, visiting the Soviet Union, Americans first of all thought of that, as if to them not to get under “ wiretap “ KGB. Steve always with a smile remembered a case which happened to his acquaintance in one of the Leningrad hotels. The Yankee`s visitor, having lodged in number, first of all tried to get rid from “ bugs “. For this purpose he carefully surveyed number and groped some cones under a carpet. Having unbent edge of a carpet, he found under it the plate fastened by four big screws. He decided to look that under this plate, but when he unscrewed the fourth screw, on the first floor the chandelier fell down a floor.
But the first teleconference forced Americans to look at the Soviet people differently. Here Wozniak`s impressions: “ I was surprised when I found out that Russians are externally much more similar to Americans, than any other nation which I faced. But how they thought, so reminded us (at least, me personally) that I was simply struck with coincidence … “
It is necessary to add that the idea of carrying out teleconferences got accustomed not at once. The second and third teleconferences passed 9 months later, in June, 1983. In those days, when the Soviet inhabitants practically heard nothing about the computer, and the number of working trips to the USA was strictly regulated, such communication of two nations in the mode it is a line difficult to overestimate. Two conflicting nations could understand each other, at last. And ice of mistrust began to thaw gradually. People could see each other, communicate with each other, they at the same time were both an audience and participants of television action unknown before. Someone from the first participants told
much later that teleconferences were the first “ hole “ in the Berlin wall. It is difficult to argue with it. And we, and Americans became a little others. Began to dig air-raid shelters in both countries much less. It is, perhaps, the main outcome of teleconferences …