What is the Norwegian cabin?
the Tree as construction material, mankind use many thousands of years. But today only several manufacturing techniques of the wooden house from the massif are known: Russian, Norwegian and Canadian.
The Russian cabin the most traditional and demanded in our country. Norwegian and Canadian are widely known in Northern Europe and North America, but appeared in our market only about ten years ago. It is necessary to tell that the Canadian cabin is a version Norwegian. Houses of the Canadian cabin are made of the round wood, Norwegian - of a gun carriage (a dvukhkantovy bar).
Who thought up these technologies, it is unknown. Most likely, it were the people living in the territory of modern Arkhangelsk, Vologda areas, Karelia and Scandinavia. Their main objective consisted in finding of a way of fastening among themselves of logs for construction of the dwelling.
If to argue that the person developed from simple to difficult, then at first the Russian cabin appeared. Its main minus is that the log not densely sits in a felling. As a result water can get to a bowl (a junction of two logs) and wood rotting process will begin. It is necessary to consider also the increased heatlosses in angular connections. From - for leaky connection of a log in a felling begins to twist, especially, if the wood unripe and the increased humidity. Also the felling made on traditional Russian technology demands a subcaulking iron in a year after statement of a felling on the base. It increases problems with shrinkage as the house as a result of additional consolidation of joints between logs can rise by the whole wreath. Many customers do not love a round profile therefore houses are laid over by a brick, are sheathed by boards. Considerable rise in price of construction results and the house ecology is broken.
The mankind reflected how to clean the shortcomings inherent in the Russian cabin, and invented the Norwegian lock. It was quite difficult technical solution. Self-jamming became the main property of the Norwegian lock (the Norwegian bowl). That is, connection was so dense that excluded hit of water and air. At loading the top wreaths press on lower, and on all felling the roof on which enterprising Norwegians fill earth more than a half-ton (very much they love grass roofs) presses, process of self-jamming amplifies. As a result considerably the risk of rotting of wood in angular connections decreased, the need for an additional caulking iron of a felling disappeared, heatlosses and problems with shrinkage decreased. It is very important that the Norwegian cabin is made only of a gun carriage. That is additional finishing of walls is not required by lining and other materials.
A roof in the Norwegian felling - a whole with a wall. “ Wasps “ Russian name “ horse “ and “ sleg “ get the idea of pediments. In the Norwegian felling there is no traditional Russian ceiling. The ceiling is arranged so that “ wasps “ - healthy round logs with a diameter of 30 - 36 cm - were visible. Quite interesting and unusual interior turns out. The truth at the same time expenses on heating also increase. Cracking gun carriages is a little more, than a round log.
The house from a gun carriage is similar to the house from a glued bar. But, as at the Norwegian cabin the wood of very big diameter is used, from 28 to 45 cm, appearance turn out more impressive. About ecology and there is nothing to speak as at the manual cabin no glues and formaldehydes are used.
The case when it when dismantling 100 - the holiday apartment made on the Norwegian technology, a gun carriage, having released from locks, immediately got out the screw is known.
The Norwegian cabin so popular in Western Europe, in such countries as Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Germany, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, slowly wins the supporters and in Russia. Though, for some reason it seems that invented it somewhere in vicinities of Arkhangelsk, and it just comes back to the historical homeland...