To salt or not to salt? Here in what a question.
Since the most ancient times salt was considered as a scarce and most valuable product.
The few could afford it, and its presence on a table spoke about generosity and hospitality of hospitable owners.
Not casually also such sayings as " appeared; Without salt bread is not eaten “ and “ Not solono hlebavsh “. Moreover, legends say that, beginning and finishing food with salt, the person protects himself from 72 diseases, including madness and leprosy.
It would seem, the eternal respect and honor is provided to salt. But not here - that was.
In 1979 on a symposium in Germany from an easy hand of nutritionists salt was recognized as substance, harmful to an organism. Since then also undeserved persecutions on salt began in many respects: it was named “ white death “ tens of saltless diets began to appear, in public consciousness need to limit itself in salt and salty products was firmly approved. And so, let`s try to understand, “ whether the devil as he is painted " is so terrible;.
Table salt in pure form is a chloride of sodium. Sodium is necessary to an organism for maintenance kislotno - alkaline balance, without it the pancreas cannot produce digestive juice. Sodium represents a basis of all liquids of an organism and participates in process of muscular contraction. Salt brings essential benefit to the hypotensives suffering from the lowered pressure at feeling of slackness, weakness and block. The increased salt use, as well as to the athletes experiencing big physical activities is recommended to women in critical days.
At sodium starvation appetite is lost, flavoring feelings will atrophy, there are nausea and vomiting, spasms of a stomach begin, the person quickly gets tired, tests muscular weakness and spasms, differences of mood, tearfulness, dizziness, he is tormented by migraine and a headache.
Sodium practically does not meet in vegetable food therefore the best and most convenient way of replenishment of its stocks is ordinary table salt.
But sodium brings not only benefit. Excess of sodium is always followed by a lack of potassium. And deficiency of potassium, in turn, negatively affects, among other things, and work of heart. Therefore it is recommended to the hypertensive persons suffering from an elevated pressure to constrain the love to salty.
The amount of salt is reduced when it is necessary to reduce hypostases of the lower extremities at heart failure. Yazvennikam too harmfully to put too much salt in food as salt serves as raw materials for intensive production of hydrochloric acid. At people with unstable mentality surplus of salt strengthens differences of mood and provokes hysteria attacks. And for fat men fresh food - indispensable attribute of the program of weight loss.
Serve as symptoms of a surplus of sodium: elevated pressure, hypostases, thirst, frequent urination, the darkened consciousness, developments of stagnation in warmly - vascular system.
As we see, salt doubly affects a human body and therefore the question of its use becomes the question “ dosages “. Scientists established that the average need of the adult for salt makes approximately a teaspoon in day, that is 5 - 6 grams of salt, including that that it is hidden in food.