Who such concertino?
Are a graceful musical accordion instrument, but not a barbed wire as prompts us the Russian Internet. Easy, as in direct (about one kilogram), and figuratively (it is easy to master). Unlike the Russian accordion at a kontsertina melodic keys on both sides. It allows to execute melodies with free accompaniment.
The tool birth was born Kontsertin`s
in England. At the very beginning of the 19th century many scientists studying acoustics made various experiments which sometimes led to emergence of new musical instruments. So, Charles Uitston in 1829 patented the tool under the name “ simfonium “. This tool was purely wind, but had buttons which were inherited by the small accordion with bellows invented by it in 1833. The tool had buttons from an ivory, the six-sided case of mahogany, valves decorated with nacre, and levers - made of silver. Well - it was work of musical art.
Ever since word “ concertino “ in English almost completely identically the Russian “ to an accordion “ including figuratively. Therefore also the barbed wire put “ accordion “ is called “ concertino “.
Kontsertina created by Uitston had the chromatic keyboard (as black and white keys of a piano). It was the academic tool, on it played in musical salons classical works, both accompanied by a piano, and in ensembles. Among musically educated people of a concertino gained wide popularity. But, at the same time, remained very expensive tool.
Approximately in the same time in 1834 Karl Friedrich Ulig thinks out the kontsertina, square in a form. Buttons in it corresponded only to white keys of a piano. Was them on five from each party. Two different sounds, as well as in the Russian accordion were the share of each button. And it was possible to play on it only national melodies. Next year the hybrid with a six-sided English form and German " appeared; national “ contents.
In the new hybrid kontsertena of the button settled down on chords that allowed ignorant music to the person very simply to master this tool. This accordion cost not much in comparison with initial (English) kontsertiny. In this regard it gained huge popularity in all Europe.
The requirement to playing music was at that time big, and any “ serious “ tools were very expensive and difficult in studying. Therefore English - German a concertino quickly extended almost everywhere. Sounds of this tool were carried from each pothouse, from each intersection. And it could not but irritate “ academic “ public, fans of expensive English kontsertina.
A decline of a kontsertina and its new birth the whole company in the press deriding fans English - the German kontsertina Began
. There were caricatures, devastating articles. As a result popularity of this tool began to fall. And this falling struck with a ricochet also on English “ to the aristocrat “. A concertino began to disappear in general. It became the tool of clowns and musical clowns. Besides from - for the unusual convenience and musical expressiveness.
By the beginning of the 20th century of a concertino practically izchezat. However its revival as national tool of Scots and Irish soon begins. For national music it is used English - the German option. To it, without changing a convenient accord arrangement of buttons, ranks chromatic (black keys of a piano) buttons are added. It allows to expand repertoire of the executed melodies strongly.
In Russia in the 20th century of a concertino it was also rather widely known as the tool of singers of satiric songs. However it recognized bourgeois, and today from enough widely famous performers it is possible to call only Valentin Osipov who masterly executes classical works on this tiny tool, and the singer of satiric songs Nikolay Bandurin.
What there are kontsertina
it is not necessary to confuse the name “ concertino “ with the word “ concertino “ what is meant by a small concert. Though very often so call the tool.
The family kontsertin is quite volume. Each type of a kontsertina can have the different number of melodic buttons depending on requirements and cost. Tools can be, as well as violins, the different amount and height of sounding. Make them generally masters in Great Britain and America. They are still made by Fabrichno in Italy and Germany (though, this Chinese production). These are rather cheap options, unlike workmen.
Kontsertina happen English. On them serious music can be executed. There are duet kontsertina. They have soundings of the keyboard, identical on height, at the left and on the right. Also sound present “ " duet;. Happen English - German (or just English). They have on each button two different sounds. Are used generally for a folk music. Happen still pass - kontsertina English, with only 10 buttons. They find room in a palm, and their 10 buttons correspond to openings in a harmonica.
Small kontsertin have also brothers more. These are square German kontsertina from the city of Hemnittsa. A relative of the last is everything the known bandoneon. It is known practically to all, at least, aurally. It is the soloist tool of ensemble of a tango. And if you hear a sharp, but melodious sound in the Latin American music (many think that it is an accordion), then it and there is a bandoneon. Though the accordion too sometimes happens. On a bandoneon there are a lot of buttons, and on it it is possible to execute practically any music.
All listed tools were developed to the middle of the 19th century and changed very little since then. Also remain very graceful and convenient for use and today.
Good luck to you in the choice of the favourite tool. Also please yourself and the relatives with music “ house “ preparations.