What museum stores straw?
Straw - a by-product at cultivation of grain crops. It is suitable for a forage to cattle or it is used as a laying. So consider many. But - not all …
the Pliability, ease in processing, availability. These qualities of natural material could be noticed. They made straw fine ornamental material in skillful hands of masters, allowing to create from it, depending on utilitarian appointment, the most improbable and demanded things.
Availability of this material in various corners of our planet left the mark on development various the technician and working methods with it. To these crafts not one hundred years. And for so long time of their existence the set of unusual methods of application of straw as material for creativity appeared.
Application, incrustation, an intarsia, in that look in what it is known to us, uses the interline interval made from the dismissed and straightened straw. The technology of processing and gluing of a straw interline interval differs in nothing from technology of processing and gluing of a wooden interline interval.
The first mentions of applications from straws belong to times of an ancient Egyptian civilization. Later works belong to the Roman period. Application from straws was widespread in Great Britain at the time of war with Napoleon. Many prisoners of war were great masters in work with straws and during the imprisonment created beautiful things with application application which then sold to local population. Today many of works remained, still are pleasing to the eye and are a collecting subject.
An embroidery straws on fabric - at all unusual scope of straws. Stitches at embroidery by straw strips and braids just the same as at embroidery by a usual thread, but the result of so unusual application for this type of needlework of material, admires even skilled embroideresses. The works of old masters exposed in Victoria and Albert`s museum in London still admire visitors with the magnificence.
For an embroidery it is possible to use various fabric bases: silk, atlas, grid, organza, muslin, cotton fabrics. Decorate with it not only pictures or a panel, it was used in decoration of festive clothes of ordinary peasants to whom the embroidery gold threads used in suits of the nobility was not available.
From the straw forms executed in various technicians symmetric patterns, flower ornaments which are used at registration of various panels which can adequately decorate any, even modern dwelling are created.
But the most widespread application of straws - weaving. Masters of weaving, could make of straws things various according to the destination - from a simple children`s toy or straw hats for ladies, to fine napkins, a panel, women`s jewelry which it was safely possible to call a work of art and to place in the museums.
Having reached the apogee to the middle of the 19th century, weaving from straws was known practically in each family. Products from straws held a firm place in the European fashion houses. Production of straw hats was a subject of national trade. Also absolutely unusual technicians of weaving - weaving of the straw laces applied to jewelry developed. There were whole national schools of masters of weaving not similar on any others.
Especially widely the straws were used for weaving of ladies` hats which held a firm place in the European fashion houses. As interest in weaving increased, for production of the straw band used when weaving ladies` hats in Switzerland in 1840 the first distaff operated manually which allowed to twist straws strips in incredibly strong straw braids was thought up. With arrival of an era of manufacturing the whole factories for satisfaction of escalating requirements of eternally changeable fashion began to be under construction. All twentieth century of factory was let out by a large number of a straw band and other details necessary for production of hats.
However the fashion is changeable, and since 1950 - x years straw hats began to lose the popularity. With arrival of new synthetic materials on the modern market and machining, manual production of products began to die away gradually and, unfortunately, practically disappeared. Products “ Golden Age “ weaving from straws it is possible to meet unless in the national museums now. The Volensky national museum located in Switzerland still stores a remarkable collection of works of old masters.
Art which was known in each family is property of the few, trying to keep and transfer skill to others now. But the stronger the modern industry develops, the is more unique and works of masters - the singles who managed to keep unusual crafts become more demanded.