How to prolong life to flowers?
Flowers fill our life with beauty, pleasure and feeling of a holiday. They give us the surprising aromas improving our mood, calming or, on the contrary, the waking-up feelings. But their beauty is short-lived. The flowers which are cut off and put in a vase will please not for long you with bright petals and a gentle smell. Their withering is irreversible. However there are ways how to slow down this process and to prolong them life.
When we are given flowers, we hurry to put them in water. Usually it happens enough that the bouquet staid several days, the flowers presented to us already for certain were processed by the careful florist: the stalk is accurately cut, and leaves from its lower part are removed. The only thing what it is necessary to pay attention to, - enough water as flowers in a bouquet are quite often dehydrated. Remember that flowers absorb much better water if it has room temperature.
Right at the beginning do not miss an important point: sharp change of temperature can lead to the fact that flowers it is quickly faded. If you bring flowers from the street to the house, they need to get used to heat. You do not bring them in a bedroom or the hall at once, and leave them for a while in more cool place, for example, in a corridor or the hall. In several days flowers should be processed repeatedly.
Processing of flowers with
First of all, it is necessary to remove the lower leaves not to allow their rotting, pollution of water and distribution of bacteria. Then it is necessary to update cuts. For this purpose the lower part of a stalk of a plant is located in the container with warm water and is cut on several centimeters obliquely. The ends of soft stalks cut off a sharp knife, dense - secateurs, stalks of chrysanthemums just break off. If on a stalk there are knots (for example, for a carnation), the cut becomes over knot as the stalks which are cut off on knot or under knot absorb water worse. At the plants having a hollow stalk (a dahlia, a delphinium, an Amaryllis, a gerbera), the cut is closed a thumb, without taking out a flower from water, and then at once place in a vase. Despite quite widespread practice, the ends of firm stalks of some plants (a lilac, a chrysanthemum, an acacia, a peony, a rose) it is not recommended to split up the hammer or to do on them a longitudinal section. These can do harm to a plant only. Also it is not recommended to cut off thorns and to remove bark from the lower part of a stalk of a plant as it leads to penetration and distribution of bacteria.
Some species of plants demand the special address. For example, the lower whitish part of a stalk at bulbous plants (tulips, hyacinths, narcissuses) is deleted as it badly soaks up water. Before putting flowers of a foxglove, dahlia and hellebore in water, the ends of their stalks should be shipped for 30 seconds in boiled water. Also previously lower in boiled water the ends of stalks of the plants emitting juice (poppy, an euphorbia) as in cold water it corks the carrying-out stalk vessels. The plant is held obliquely that steam did not get on flowers. Svezhesrezanny narcissuses, Amaryllises, kliviya will stop emitting juice if to ship their stalks in the water heated to 50 degrees. Stalks of lilies immerse in hot water (about 60 °) for 2 minutes.
quickly burn Stalks of dahlias, gerberas, daisies, a heliotrope, a hydrangea, a mignonette, a tsiniya, a hollyhock, an eshsholtion on fire and then put in water.
Water for flowers
Before putting a bouquet in a vase, it is washed out weak solution of potassium permanganate and filled with the settled or cooled boiled water. In the rain, snow and distilled water flowers remain much longer.
Water for flowers has to be freshen and pure therefore it is regularly recommended to be updated to avoid emergence and reproduction of bacteria. During a heat the thicket needs to add water to a vase as water not only is absorbed by plants, but also evaporates.
In need of it it is possible to add special preparations as long as possible to keep flowers in a fresh state. They can be got in flower shops or to replace them with house means.
Several obligatory components have to enter nutritious solution. First of all, sugar. 2 - 3% solution of sugar (1 tablespoon of sugar) considerably increases blossoming of a lilac, a freesia, carnations, roses, tulips, a sweet pea and asters by 1 liter of water.
Unfortunately, sugar promotes fast reproduction of bacteria therefore it is necessary to add antiseptic substances to solution also: potassium permanganate (most suits narcissuses and tulips), aspirin (it is preferable for a dahlia, roses, chrysanthemums) or boric acid. For prevention of rotting throw coal into water or add a small amount of camphor alcohol, glycerin, etc. of
Great importance is of acidity of solution for life of flowers. For its regulation add boric, lemon or ascorbic acid depending on a grade of flowers to solution. For example, the carnation needs water of room temperature with addition of boric acid, to roses - warm water with several kristallika of lemon acid, it is preferable to lilac to add to water lemon acid, and to a lion`s pharynx, gillyflowers, a delphinium - vinegar (1 tablespoon on 1 l. water). For camellias, hydrangeas and gardenias add a salt pinch to water.
Flowers needs to be sprayed daily to give them freshness and aroma. Freesias, lilies of the valley, narcissuses, carnations and roses are recommended to be sprayed even several times a day, and here orchids, violets and a sweet pea need to be sprayed carefully: at hit of water on flowers their petals can be curtailed or become covered by spots.
If you want that your bouquet staid as long as possible, do not put it near radiators, fireplaces, heating devices, TVs and computers. Flowers do not take out drafts and direct sunshine. It is the best of all to put a vase with the flowers to the darkened cool place. Flowers possess high sensitivity to ethylene therefore if near them to put a vase with the fruit (emitting this gas), they it is quickly faded. Faded petals emit too ethylene therefore all withering flowers and leaves need to be deleted regularly. Are especially sensitive to ethylene of a rose, a carnation and a lion`s pharynx.
Compatibility of flowers
By drawing up a bouquet should be considered whether flowers with each other are compatible. The matter is that some species of flowers can emit the toxic substances harmful to other plants in water. For example, if to put narcissuses and tulips in one vase, the last it is very quickly faded. Separately from other flowers it is necessary to put lilies of the valley, a mignonette, a sweet pea, yellow primroses, carnations, roses and lilies. Also it is not necessary to add to a branch bouquet with fruits (for example, a sea-buckthorn or a hawthorn) as they emit ethylene, pernicious for flowers.
At the same time, some flowers can extend life of others. For example, branches of a geranium, a thuja and a yasmennik help to keep longer flowers fresh.
As if we tried to prolong life to flowers, they will wither sooner or later. Even in the best conditions flowers remain limited time therefore careful leaving will only for a while delay their withering. At regular change of water gladioluses, irises, tulips, lilies, peonies and hand bells remain in water till 10 days. In usual water of a chrysanthemum can stay 10 days, in sugared - till 20 days. Flowers of an akonit, gaylyardiya, akvilegiya stand in water about a week. Dahlias, delphiniums, phloxes, roses stand 5 - 6 days if them to ship stalks deeply in water. Gipsofila, the wild orchid, a camomile, a coneflower, a carnation Turkish keep till 14 - 15 days. A lupine, poppies, narcissuses - 2 - 4 days. Asters, a lion`s pharynx, nails, barkhatets, summer chrysanthemums and gillyflowers remain to two - three weeks. A sweet pea, a mignonette, a skabioza, tsiniya - 8 - 9 days.