Rus Articles Journal

How to grow up early vegetables and greens? Part 1

Came spring, and with it and cares at gardeners - fans. Seeds are bought. The seedling is landed. But till a harvest still far To taste fruits from own bed, it is necessary to work much Where we put

? are preferable

To cultivation of early vegetables southern and Hugo - the western slopes on which air and the soil get warm not only earlier, but also is stronger. Beds for vegetables have on the top party of a site where good illumination, quickly descends snow, and water does not accumulate.

For temporary shelter (1 - 4 weeks) use a polyethylene film which well passes ultraviolet rays. In the afternoon air and the soil under a film get warm 7 - 15 degrees above, than in an open ground. The film which has plentiful condensate on an internal surface gives less heat therefore at threat of frosts easy spraying of the soil is necessary (no later than 18 o`clock in the evening).

It is possible to improve temperature conditions and to receive an early harvest of vegetable cultures when using biofuel (fresh manure, sawdust, straw etc.) . At preparation of horse manure in the spring it can be put in beds at once, sheep and rabbit - demand additional wetting, and in cow it is necessary to add straw, a grass, leaves in the ratio 1:2 (on volume). Biofuel is stacked a layer by not less than 30 cm, and from above and from sides it is filled up with the soil.

Frosts and fight against them.

of the Freezing happen short-term and long, to the previous cold snap or the subsequent sharp decrease in temperature. Small overcast, low humidity of air, a light breeze can serve as prerequisites. Also frosts should be expected if air temperature in the second half of day sharply decreases: the quicker it occurs, the prizemny layer of air will be cooled more.

Short-term frosts after warm days as they come unexpectedly are most dangerous: temperature sharply falls and falls below zero within several hours at dawn. So, for example, the tempered seedling of cabbage takes out a frost to -5 degrees, but not tempered only to -1. Tomatoes, as well as cucumbers, perish at -3.

1. One of means which can prevent damage of plants by frosts is having watered . The humidified soil well passes warmly and more slowly cools down, and at evaporation humidity of air increases. During a frost dew therefore the soil and air are cooled less is formed of droplets of air moisture.

2. On big sites with frosts struggle with the help of frequent sprayings plants at night (to 5 times in an hour) with a consumption of water of 0,1 l/sq.m

3. Apply to seldom located plants (vegetable marrows, pumpkin, a tomato) individual shelters (glass jars, caps from a cardboard, films, papers, and also wooden boxes).

4. The most effective remedy of protection of plants is the shelter transparent or opaque materials (glass, a film, canopies etc.).

Let weather pleases, forces for work are, and the harvest will be early and rich! Progress to you, friends!