What week is called Fomina?
the Week following easter received the name “ Fomina “ (by name the apostle Thomas who believed in Resurrection after he felt Christ Redeemer`s wounds). In the people it is called Wire. By tradition remember the dead at this particular time. Every day Fominy week has both the name, and customs, all of them are connected with commemoration … Monday is called
“ wires “. It is considered that during the easter period dead men visit the houses to celebrate own Easter. We living in this terrestrial world need to meet the dead, to accept (to treat) them, and then to help them to return on a next world. Thus, according to traditions on Monday begin to see off ancestors on a next world.
Tuesday is the main day of Fominy week which call Radunitsey, the Radonitsa, Radanitsy, Radovnitsy. In the 19th century Navy day and the Radonitsa united in one and began to cope in a bright form. According to scientists, “ Radonitsa “ comes from the word “ pleasure “ which was brought by Resurrection.
The holiday Radonitsa which was carried out in the spring in honor of Rod, the creator of the Universe, foremost Slavic god was the most ancient Slavic custom. For the Radonitsa appealed to the died ancestors about protection the house, its protection. Young people asked blessings on love and a marriage. On the eve of the Radonitsa usually heated a bath for ancestors, prepared a towel and soap, but did not wash.
Also people brought gifts and crumbled them on graves of relatives (pastries, pancakes, a funeral kolivo, colored eggs, beer, wine etc.) . Then were treated. On a churchyard burned down funeral fires. This day it was accepted to sing songs and to drive round dances. The grief quite often turned into fun. The saying is not without reason known: for the Radonitsa plow in the morning, cry in the afternoon, and jump in the evening. And all because after Easter spring field works began, for the Radonitsa people visited cemeteries, and by the evening settled fun.
From these pre-Christian rituals there are spring funeral ceremonies on Fominy week. The church charter orders visit of cemeteries after Light week: “ Easter for believers is an entrance to the world where the death is abolished and where all who can be revived are already living in Christ “. This day in churches universal memorial service is made. People go on a cemetery to graves of the relatives and hristosutsya symbolically with them. Having tried a kolivo, drink vodka or wine, without clinking glasses. Remember warm words of the dead. It is considered that deceased divide a meal with live. The remains of a food crumble, and pour out a funeral glass of vodka on a grave. Part of funeral foods (candy, sweets, pastries, colored testicles) distribute to people around and kids “ for the peace of soul “.
Thursday is considered in the most dangerous afternoon of Fominy week: this day the dead come to the houses. That adequately to meet them, for the night left an entertainment in one of rooms and opened windows. The room it was strictly forbidden to enter till the dawn. Being protected from undesirable dead men, at the same time undertook also certain measures of protection: houses sprinkled on corners with poppy and lit passionate candles before icons. If in a family there are drowned men, then the entertainment was left at water or threw into the river.
To Fomina Saturday in villages exile of death happened. From all village old and young women and, vooruzhas brooms, pokers and other house utensils gathered, called death of a damnation. Was considered that the longer and more cheerfully to frighten the ghost, the more reliably it is possible to get rid of any illness. Besides, people ran all over cemeteries with knives in hands and exclaimed: “ Run, run, evil spirits! “. In such a way sought to alleviate suffering of dead men beyond the grave.
Sunday on Fominy week is called the Red hill. This day tried to be exempted from all sad thoughts and experiences. On sublime places organized mass festivities, cheerful games and drove round dances. Also this day there were shows of future brides. The day before on villages oklikalytsik which sang the velichalny song under windows of newlyweds and invited all inhabitants to festivities went.
Here such facts are known about Fomina week. Let, friends, each spring day will be for you the real holiday - Day of pleasure, kindness, laughter, heat, love … Smile and give the fine smiles to people around!