Rus Articles Journal

How to hold east tea ceremony?

Tea drinking in the east, especially it concerns China and Japan, - very ancient tradition. The culture of a tea ceremony is inseparable from art, culture of these countries, all way of life. The essence of a ceremony is made four by the main the principle which in 1564 were built in rules of holding a tea ceremony Seong Rikyu - the famous master of preparation of tea. These rules: va, Kay, this, to a dzyak, are literally translated as - harmony, respect, purity, tranquility . Harmony - in human relations, harmony of the person and the nature, world around; respect - to all and everything, proceeding from sincere feeling of gratitude for existence; purity - physical and spiritual; tranquility - the peace of mind coming with comprehension of the first three principles.

The famous Japanese writer Yamamoto Tsunetomo in Hakagure very capaciously and figuratively opened an essence of the Japanese tea ceremony in general: the sense of a tea ceremony is in clearing six feelings. For eyes there are hanging rolls and flower compositions. For a nose there are aromas. For ears - sounds of the boiling water. For a mouth - taste of tea. And for hands and legs - correctness of a form. When five feelings thus are cleared, mind is cleared in itself. The tea ceremony clears up thoughts when they grew dim. I do not lose spirit of a tea ceremony within twenty four hours a day .

Based on east philosophy and the entered deep national traditions, east tea ceremony got a spiritual shade, east view of the world - aspiration to understand its essence through simple things, actions, contemplation - filled a tea ceremony with high sense and a charm. Sense of a tea ceremony that thanks to simple actions the way of spiritual improvement is available to the person. All this

extremely attracts the modern European person subject to constant stresses seeking to find rest in soul and clarity of mind, and also to restore vital energy and courage. From here unextinguishable interest in a tea ceremony of the East, in its philosophy and etiquette. Now each of us can touch a little secret of the ancient East though the ceremony underwent essential changes, passing adaptation to our culture.

So how to hold a tea ceremony. For centuries-old history of a tea ceremony a lot of things changed, but there were firm seven types of tea drinking:

1. Tea action at dawn (anatsuk - but tyadz).

2. Tea action in the morning (the expert - but tyadz).

3. Tea action at midday (this - but tyadz).

4. Tea action at night (ebanas - but tyadz).

5. Tea action with sweets (Kasya - but tyadz).

6. Tea action out of (certain) time (Fuji - but tyadz).

7. Tea action for those who came after the main tea drinking (atom - but tyadz).

The tea ceremony organized in the middle of the day that coincides with lunch time is considered reference.

It is almost impossible to follow all rules of east classical tea ceremony to the ordinary person living in a midland of Russia. However it is possible wholly will enjoy tea drinking if to conform to the main rules. I Will begin

with the fact that the basic is, of course, your internal readiness anticipations something absolutely new, what will make you internally strong and quiet.

All tea ceremony assumes some asceticism in details. In poorly lit room where the tea ceremony is held, has to be a minimum of furniture, any luxury and useless furniture. No more than five people can take part. The clothes have to be free and light tones. Before a tea ceremony it is necessary to remove footwear as though together with it you get rid of everyday vanity. It is better to sit on wadded pillows - dzabutona, and by no means with the crossed legs, to extend them towards the neighbor - indecently.

it is desirable for to make Tea in gayvanyakh - special cups like drinking bowl of 200 - 250 ml, but with sharp expansion in the top part and with a cover which diameter is less than diameter of the upper edge of a cup. If you want to hold a ceremony at home, we recommend to you to buy a full Chinese set of tea utensils in shop. So, you bought a set, brought it home, and placed on cha - baths (a tea board) chaynichek, gayvan, tea couples (tools you hold to the right of a board).

For a tea zavarivaniye it is the best of all for to use rain water or water from a well. Warming up water, it is necessary to wait when on a water surface there are small bubbles publishing silent hissing. It is called first boiling . When at the edges of a vessel there are big bubbles, it is called second boiling and when water begins to rage, it is called third boiling . Then water it is necessary, without delaying, to remove from fire because otherwise water will become old and good tea will not turn out.

In gayvan fill up 4 - 5 g of tea and immediately fill in with water on 2/3 volumes or to a half of volume. Time of a zavarivaniye does not exceed 2 minutes, at most 4 minutes for some grades of tea. From gayvanya some tea is given in a cup for drink so that the cover did not rise (not to let out aroma), through the gap formed thus. Tea is drunk hot small drafts, without sugar and other additives which, according to Chinese, absolutely distort true aroma of tea.

Having drunk 3/4 contents gayvanya, the remained quarter of infusion is filled in with boiled water again. High-quality tea can be filled in in gayvanyakh to four times. The first infusion of tea at such zavarivaniye ordinary weaker, a light color, but fragrant. Taste of tea appears after the second, third filling. Therefore at Chinese it is possible to meet such statement that the second tea leaves of tea are most tasty. But it belongs only to a zavarivaniye in gayvanyakh. Zavarivaniye of tea in a simple cup cannot be compared to a zavarivaniye in gayvanyakh. Those who make tea in cups, believing that follow the Chinese way, not only are mistaken, but also spoil tea: without cover it exhausts and is poorly drawn, and when closing a cup a saucer loses taste as chokes.

At a zavarivaniye it is very important to be quiet, attentive and collected. It is necessary to keep smoothness and sequence of movements so that water was not spilled and minimum waved in vessels, the stream was not interrupted, was smooth and soft, i.e. just the same what has to be a stream of a breath and an exhalation in your body to provide you the longest, quiet and healthy life. During creation of interaction of water and space of ware it is always necessary to remember that overflow attracts trouble, and the moderation calls wealth. Therefore it is not necessary to pour water too much.

At tea drinking by tradition guests can drink tea each of the cup or of one, transferring it each other. It promotes emergence of feeling of proximity. At the same time a certain ritual is observed. At first the first guest takes a fucus (a silk scarf), stacks it on a palm of the left hand, and right puts on it a cup. Having nodded the neighbor, he drinks three and a half drinks, then puts a fucus on a mat, wipes edge of a cup the of a kaysa (napkin) and gives a cup to the second guest. Everyone repeats the same procedure. All express the admiration of a cup.

However all considered rules of a tea ceremony would not be full if not to mention about 10 bans on tea! .

1. Will lock on tea next the heart: the cold nature of tea, getting inside, can cool a spleen and a stomach that is similar to penetration of a wolf into the house .

2. Will lock on the burning tea: hot tea strongly stimulates a throat, a gullet and a stomach. The long use of very hot tea can lead to painful changes of these bodies. According to foreign researches, the use of tea with the temperature over 62 degrees leads to the increased vulnerability of walls of a stomach.

3. Will lock on cold tea: cold tea gives side effects: stagnation of cold and congestion of a phlegm.

4. Will lock on strong tea: the high content of caffeine and theine in strong tea can become the reason of a headache and sleeplessness.

5. Will lock on a long zavarivaniye of tea: nutritional value of tea due to oxidation of the vitamins C which are contained in tea leaves, P and amino acids decreases.

6. Will lock on a repeated zavarivaniye: experiments show that the first infusion extends about 50% of useful substances from tea leaves, the second - 30%, and the third only about 10%, the fourth tea leaves add another 1 - 3%. If to continue to make tea further, then in infusion there are harmful elements.

7. Will lock on tea before food: it leads to fluidifying of saliva and assimilation of a protein by digestive bodies can temporarily decrease.

8. Will lock on tea right after food: the tannin which is contained in tea can lead to hardening of a protein and iron that worsens their assimilation.

9. Will lock on a zapivaniye tea of drugs: the tannins which are contained in tea, being split, form tannin from which many drugs leave a sediment and are badly acquired. Therefore Chinese say that tea destroys drugs.

10. Will lock on yesterday`s tea: the tea which stood days loses vitamins and becomes an ideal nutrient medium for bacteria.

Of course, the described tea ceremony does not apply for the classical principles a tyana . It is important to remember the main thing - invariable has to be a spirit of a tea ceremony: aspiration to create a warm-heartedness situation, to depart from vain cares and daily affairs. Remember that the tea ceremony is time for conversations about fine, about art, literature, painting, about a tea cup and a roll in a tokonom.

I Watch forward, - and is not present

I colors of bright leaves is not present.

A there, ashore sea, Costs

one desert house

on yellowness of sand,

I is illusive evening light,

autumn light burns on it with


(Japanese song)