For what reason to the fool gets half-kingdoms? Oh, these fairy tales...
Well whether it is strange?!
Once upon a time there was an Ivan the Fool. Unlike seniors - respectable, dear, hardworking, took and nakurolesit, committed follies, at first made - then thought, just imagine: passed then all tests and received half-kingdoms with the tsarevna in addition.
Or is even worse than that: Emelya. Sat to himself on the furnace, nothing heroic (and just good) made, and on - to pike command, i.e. receives everything that wants for someone else`s account.
Why the image of the fool in magic fairy tales is so hardy whether also they teach that our children? This question arises quite often and it is represented quite reasonable. Already and from a scene the popular satirist convicted all over the country the same Emelya as the fan “ freebies “ …
But fairy tales therefore live so long that in them nothing happens without the reason and there is no hero “ just like that “. To understand it, it is worth addressing the so-called principle of a trikster.
By the way, the cheat - the trikster admits to one of fundamental characters of human culture. Entertainingly, huh? In England it is Jack Prostak, in Italy - Fae Frumos, in Germany - Simplitsisimus, in Africa - Liongo Fumo, in America - the Rabbit, the Coyote, Lys, the Raven. And still Hodge Nasreddin, Til Oylenshpigel. By the way, Russian Parsley - too from this brotherhood.
In a literal translation from English the trikster means the word no more not less as “ deceiver, trickster “ and as the term it was used for the first time by the American anthropologist Paul Radin about what at desire it is possible to read in several encyclopedias.
But let`s refrain from literal perception this image. The characters united by concept of a trikster nevertheless very much differ among themselves. The main thing here - duality: that it is altruistic and witty, active and resourceful; that it is frankly lazy, nevezhestven and is silly (burned lyagushechyyu skin, and then at the other end of the world went). But time so, it not absolutely the simpleton, agree: not only went, but also coped! It is rather - the pseudo-fool.
And still why at the beginning of the narration it such is - either is silly, or is lazy, or that and another at once? The matter is that here in such evident way the fairy tale presents to us the character who not quite fits into that society to which it, this character, belongs. And it is about the society needing change: the trouble happened, there is nobody kingdom to leave, life jammed.
These essential changes cannot be carried out from within and therefore Ivan, Emelya and so forth “ knock out “ from it. Having appeared outside, the hero successfully solves a problem and receives a well-deserved reward. Unless it is not similar to the famous psychological rule: being in a situation, it is difficult to find a way out, so, it is necessary to rise OVER it, t. e. to change a look foreshortening?
Very much can be that at the reader, even agreed with the offered arguments, the following question already is on the tip of the tongue: and how children? Small - unreasonable … as they will understand all these peripetias which so deeply and carefully investigate scientific minds from among philosophers, anthropologists, culturologists?
And so, to children it is the just best of all. Because they owing to age psychological features - not quite sotsialna, and the fairy tale prompts to them that it does not matter - all ahead. In simple terms, it encourages them, supports, adjusts on a positive.
How it is good that magic fairy tales are so hardy, the truth?