Rus Articles Journal

How not to ache with hepatitis?


Hepatitis A is one of the most widespread diseases.

This serious illness which is caused by a virus and affects, generally a liver. Is followed by jaundice, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness.

The virus of hepatitis A is allocated from an organism through intestines, with the patient`s excrements, infecting water and the soil, getting on hands of the unscrpulous person, and from them on objects of use and to food. A way of infection with this disease same, as well as at intestinal infections. It should be noted that the wide circulation of hepatitis A is promoted by two circumstances.

In - the first, the virus of hepatitis A is much steadier against influence of sunshine and disinfectants and boiling, than causative agents of other intestinal infections.

In - the second, it is most dangerous to people around of the patient before emergence of jaundice in it. During this period it allocates the greatest number of viruses though into the forefront either the dispepsichesky phenomena, or grippopodobny act: temperature increase, headache, slackness, cold, cough.

Patients with bezzheltushny and asymptomatic forms constitute the greatest danger to people around. Thus, externally healthy person can be a source to danger to people around.

Is known that alcohol intake serves as a favorable background for distribution of viral hepatitises.

Prevention of hepatitis A in many countries of the world including in Russia, vaccination is.

The prevention of a disease is consolidated to observance of easily carried out hygienic rules. And it is very a pity that violation of these very simple hygienic requirements generally and leads to a wide circulation of hepatitis A.

To avoid infection with hepatitis A, it is necessary:

- carefully to follow rules of personal hygiene;

- carefully to wash hands with soap after visit of a toilet and before food (as show supervision, it is enough not to wash up once hands before food - and the illness is inevitable);

- not to drink not boiled water from an open reservoir - the river, a pond; not to wash with it fruit and vegetables; - it is obligatory for

to wash vegetables and fruit before food flowing water, and then to wash out boiled;

- to observe purity in a preparation time and storages of food;

- to store crude products so that they did not adjoin to ready dishes;

- not to bathe in those places where there are forbidding inscriptions;

- not to pollute reservoirs;

- systematically to clean and air the dwelling.


In spite of the fact that this disease threatens life of hundreds of thousands of people and by 100 times is more infectious, than AIDS, many know about this illness a little. And do not even suspect that hepatitis B can become very serious disease, and in certain cases and deadly.

Hepatitis B - a viral disease which main source are a face with chronic forms and virus carriers, and also patients with an acute hepatitis V.

Any person at contact with the infected patient can catch hepatitis B. Newborn children can catch from mother. It is possible to catch sexually, when using of the infected syringe, at cuts, open wounds on a body, at direct contact with blood or allocations of the patient. The virus can get through an iris of the eye of eyes or through a mouth. This virus is widespread around the world, and a huge number of people in all countries are its carriers.

The virus of hepatitis B gets into cells of a liver and can cause its inflammation. It can be found in all liquid environments of an organism, especially in blood. It is found even in human saliva. The virus possesses high resilience, even the AIDS virus is not so viable.

The incubatory period makes from 30 days to 6 months.

At most of people the disease begins with the short-term period of the feeling sick reminding flu, which sometimes is followed by nausea and vomiting. The sharp form of an illness proceeds hard, with the jaundice which is shown first of all yellowish coloring of whites of the eyes, belly-aches and darkening of urine. Very often the disease proceeds in a bezzheltushny form, and is diagnosed after end of a sharp stage, during transition of a sharp form in chronic or in a virus carriage stage.

The part of the patients infected with a hepatitis B virus completely recovers, and others become chronic carriers of a virus V. Hronicheskaya a stage of an infection many years last and leads to serious complications.

The heaviest complications of viral hepatitis B are cirrhosis and cancer. Cirrhosis results from replacement of normal tissue of liver with connecting (cicatricial) fabric, and at the same time free passing of blood through a liver is broken. Owing to what ascites (accumulation of liquid in a stomach) develops.

Remember! The virus very easily extends, there is enough from 10 to 100 particles of a virus for infection. From a sharp infection and its consequences annually in the world the huge number of people perishes.

The most effective way of specific protection against hepatitis B is vaccinal prevention. Vaccination protects a human body from penetration of a virus of hepatitis V. Vaktsina stimulates education in an organism of antibodies against a virus which protect the person from infection with hepatitis B and a possibility of development of a disease.

We should not subject ourselves to danger which bears in itself the hepatitis B.

Prevention of Infection and Distribution of Viral Hepatitises consists in observance of hygienic norms and safe behavior of each of us.