What do we know about Ladodeniya? The Long-awaited spring fully comes
into the own. The sun shines brighter and heats more warmly. Messengers of spring arrive from far-away countries and begin to sing cheerful trills. And to us, people, there is a wish to fall in love, love and be darlings more and more. For a moment we forget about age and as children are ready to rejoice to each dismissed leaflet on a tree, a green grass and warm weather. For those who are able to live and enjoy this process the spring turns into one peculiar holiday … It appears
, everyone has a lawful occasion on March 30 to mark out Ladodeniye. This spring day it is accepted to sing of the mother - the nature which “ wakes up “ after long winter. In other words is a holiday of spring and heat which our ancestors celebrated in honor of the goddess of a Slavic pantheon of Lada, the patroness of love and marriage. Some researchers consider that Lada is one of two goddesses - women in labor (similar deities are in pantheons of almost all Indo-European people). Meanwhile, Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov compared Lada to Venus.
At the moment in some corners of the country ritual of a maiden holiday - a lyalnik during whom girls glorify a great deity still remained, ask from Lada of the kind and faithful husband, and according to happy family life. Researchers established that they long since addressed Lada for ensuring wellbeing of future marriage. Often happened so that in the middle of the summer the decision on the conclusion of the marriage union was made though the wedding was played much later, after the end of field works. Besides, women addressed solar Lada also after a marriage: they prayed for personal wellbeing and protection. The constant epithet of the goddess - an okhranitelnitsa testifies to it. As the researcher Kapitsa F. S. writes (“ Secrets of Slavic gods “) “ the Lada name was always followed by respectful epithets: The star (Dido) - Lada, MATI - Lada “.
Holidays in honor of Lada were celebrated by Slavs of 6 times in a year: since the beginning of March until the end of June. They traditionally were followed by special ceremonies. This spring day the youth suited the first round dances devoted to the goddess Lada. Women climbed on roofs of houses, on hills, on high haystacks and, having upraised hands to the sky, called or “ zaklikal “ spring:
Oh, MATI, Lada, MATI,
Spring of a zaklikata.
Also it was accepted to make of the test of zhuravlik which fixed highly over a door, thereby, trying to save the house and all family from misfortunes, evil spirits, troubles and adversities.
Then addressed the goddess before summer field works. Other ceremonies were connected with the veseena - a summer cycle of prayers for a rain, a festival of the first greens, the first shoots, the first ears: we Pray to
we Pray to vyshny God,
Oh, Lada, oh, of
Yes will blow Lada,
Yes will blow a light air,
Yes will be struck by Lada,
Yes will strike a fruitful rain!
The cycle of glorification of the goddess after the beginning of a kolosheniye of bread came to the end (in June). For this reason day of a summer solstice was the last holiday connected with Lada. And after Ivan Kupala appeals to Lada stopped.
Over time games, the songs, spells devoted to Lada lost accurate correlation to ritual and gradually passed into folklore. That who will become interested, I will prompt that full reproduction popular in 19 - the m a century of a ceremony of worship of Lada can also be met in Maxim Gorky`s novel “ Artamonov` Business “. To whom details are not interesting, but the idea to arrange with friends, relatives and the family celebration of spring pleased, I will suggest to leave on the nature, to make shish kebabs, to organize cheerful picnic …
With a spring you, friends! Let the mood will be solar, and thoughts light, kind and joyful!