What do we know about a taxi?
on March 22, 1907, exactly 100 years ago in London on streets appeared unusual taxi. However, in appearance they differed in nothing from the predecessors. New in them there was one: on the dashboard counters were installed.
From this day taxi also began to be called so (before they had no accurate name at all). But these “ counting rhymes “ called taximeters, having united two words at once - French “ taxe “ and Greek “ metron “ meaning respectively “ payment “ and “ measurement “) .
counters if changed Since then, then is insignificant, they and during the emergence were able the main thing - showed the passable distance, relieving drivers and passengers of fruitless disputes how many it is necessary to pay for a trip.
However as you, probably, guess - superiority from British is challenged by Americans who are sure - the taxi appeared for the first time in New - York, and a bit later - on August 13, 1907. And when they are tried to be convicted of fraud, the American researchers willingly agree: well, let will be so that in New - York the taxi was for the first time called!
Actually history of paid transportations of passengers in settlements began nearly 370 years ago - summer of 1639 when the corporation of the English kouchmen founded the license for carrying. The first name of this vehicle - “ hekn “ from English “ hackney “ - traveling horse. However, even slightly more than 200 years were required after that to create the special closed crew - a cabriolet, or it is reduced the cab.
But that is even more surprising - to the invention of a taximeter (which first samples appeared all - not in England, and in France, in one and a half years before) there was one more smart way of counting of length of a way. And, as paradoxically it is not connected neither with meters, nor with kilometers, nor with miles and league. Over one of wheels of crew the special box which was filled with small pebbles was established. When the wheel made a whole revolution, the special catch which slightly opened a window of which in capacity under a box one pebble fell out worked. At the end of a trip the driver and the passenger needed to count only pebbles and to pay according to a tariff. More often payment was accepted at the rate of 1:1.
The taxi became especially popular after one case which occurred during World War I, fall of 1914. Then Germans broke through the French defense and the accelerated march moved to Paris. The French command undertook the smart course. “ Under the gun “ 1200 capital taxi were put all. They “ chock-full “ were loaded by soldiers and officers and went to positions for the Marne River boundary. Only for one night more than 6,5 thousand defenders of the Republic were transferred. Not ozhidav such insidiousness, Germans receded. Threat of capture of Paris was removed! And these cars became history as “ marnsky taxi “.
But we will return to the domestic chronicle. In the same, 1907, in the " newspaper; Voice of Moscow “ there was the first mention of the carrier on the car. From this point in the large Russian cities began real “ a taxi - boom “ which came to naught with a victory of a socialist revolution. Taxi were declared “ bourgeois remnant “ also are cleaned from streets of Moscow, Leningrad and other cities. And only after death of the leader of the world proletariat winners suddenly realized that to force down the legs more expensively. At one of December meetings of 1924 of the Moscow Council the decision on purchase of 200 cars of a taxi of the Renault and Fiat brands was made.
Spring of 1925 cars arrived to Moscow and Leningrad and 10 more years plied only in these cities - before statement on the conveyor of production of domestic " cars; GAS - A “. In four years about 1000 such cars were released!
Three years later after victorious end of the Great Patriotic War the decision " was made; to mark “ a taxi that they at once were evident. For this purpose on boards of cars began to draw chess sections, and in the right top corner established a bulb with green glass that the driver could a color signal to report when it is free!
The first “ Volga “ as cars appeared exactly 50 years ago - in 1957. And since then they became the same attribute of the Soviet reality as a vodka bottle on 2 rubles 87 kopeks or doctor`s sausage on 2 rub 20 kopeks!
But in those days the trip by a taxi was not to each Soviet person on a pocket. It was very much dexterously beaten by Leonid Gaidai in “ To the Brilliant hand “ having enclosed this phrase in lips of the heroine Nona Mordyukova - “ Our people to a bakery do not go by a taxi! “
However, today it lost the relevance. Moreover, practically in all large cities the number of private taxi exceeds number of state.
And recently we, in Kaliningrad, had taxi painted in bright pink color! Women steer these cars only! And landing in this “ pink panther “ it is allowed only to women and children!
Gender discrimination? Can be. But men are drivers, having caught sight of such car, beforehand reduce speed!