What does Norway attract tourists with?
Norway - the most western of the Scandinavian countries, for some reason do not enjoy popularity at our travel agencies, offers to go there do not meet. But the country of brave Vikings and seafarers, great travelers of Fridtjof Nansen, Rual Amundsen and Tura Heyerdal is worth it to visit it.
Here are glad to tourists! On any of stations there is a service bureau for tourists where you will be absolutely free of charge supplied with the most detailed map of the city with schemes of public transport and different booklets with the description of sights. They are printed on English, German, French, Swedish, Spanish, and even Japanese languages. Is not present only in Russian, probably because tourists from Russia here a big rarity. But, if you though know English a little, no problems on travel on the capital and in communication with people will exist. Practically all Norwegians speak in English.
Oslo is located at one width with St. Petersburg, but due to proximity to the warm Gulf Stream Current, the climate is softer there. The city was picturesquely stretched on the bank of beautiful Oslo - the fiord, is surrounded with low woody mountains, with height about 500 meters above sea level.
of Oslo - the oldest Scandinavian capital, in 2000 Norwegians celebrated the millennium of the city. In modern Oslo 525 thousand people live, (in Norway a little more than four million). Name “ Oslo “ consists of two Norwegian words - Os and Lo, and it can doubly be interpreted. Wasps is ancient pre-Christian God of Vikings, and at the same time means the narrow flat hill. Lo - this field. It is possible to tell - Oslo means or “ To Paula Bogov “ or “ To Paula below the hill “. At the beginning of the history the city was built up with wooden buildings and often burned out completely. After the terrible fire in 1642 the king Christiaan the Sixth ordered to build houses only of a brick and a stone, and the capital received a new name - Christiania. In 1925, nearly 300 years later, the Norwegian parliament returned to the city the ancient name - Oslo.
Modern Oslo submits the purity, silence, tranquility, and even provinciality. After our noisy, populous, huge and not really pure capitals - Moscow and St. Petersburg, the largest city of Norway is more similar to the silent regional center. In Oslo there are no skyscrapers, as in the majority of the large cities of the world. In old part of the city there are several high-rise buildings, for example, new 20 - floor hotel of the " company; SAS “ the majority of new constructions have 6 - 9 floors. Modern constructions do not spoil the general image of the ancient capital, organically fit in near the ancient houses built from darkly - red or is dark - a gray brick. Numerous elaborate turrets in Gothic style decorate not only Lutheran churches and churches, but also houses.
In Oslo about thirty various museums. It is also possible to visit with excursion the Royal palace - the operating residence of the king of Norway, to visit Stortinge - the Norwegian parliament, the building of a city Town hall and the World Nobel center opened in 2005. The majority of the museums are located compactly in the downtown. The entrance fee fluctuates from 40 to 75 kroner (from about 200 to 375 rubles) on the adult visitor, for school students and pensioners there are discounts. In several museums, including in National art gallery, free entrance. The museums of seafarers are very interesting: Stories of Vikings, Museum of the polar ship “ Fram “ and Museum “ Kohn - Tiki “. “ Fram “ it is well-known that visited under Fridtjof Nansen`s command the most northern and the most southern the points of the globe which are ever reached by the surface ships. Well, and about a raft from a balsovy tree “ Kohn - Tiki “ on which Round Heyerdal in 1947 crossed the Pacific Ocean, all heard.
In Oslo a huge number of various monuments and sculptures on streets, embankments, in parks, squares. Sometimes they are not really noticeable, are not evident. Here near a tram stop there is Winston Churchill with a cane in hands, without any pedestal as though came for walk and now will mingle with the crowd of people. Or on the embankment the tired woman - mother sits, looks in the sea - obviously waits from trade for someone - the son, the husband. Especially strikes remarkable Park of sculptures “ Vigeland Park “. Here, in rather small territory more than 200 sculptures created by the famous Norwegian sculptor Gustav Wigeland (1869 - 1943) are placed . All of them are devoted to the person - figures of men and women, young and old, the children represented in different poses, sad and cheerful. They decorate a bridge handrail through the river flowing in park hold a bowl of the big fountain. Even the huge granite stele in the center of park represents a texture of human ph.
But most of all in Norway I was struck by the organization of public transport. I will tell about it in the second article.