What is meditation?
Word “ meditation “ - a Latin origin, it also means “ reflection “. Meditation - intellectual action, which purpose - reduction of mentality of the person in a condition of depth and concentration. Plays the greatest role of the practician of meditation in the philosophies and religions which arose in India. It enjoyed popularity and in Ancient Greece, and in Ancient Rome.
In the USA meditative the practician gave a huge impetus to development in 1960 - x - 1970 - x the movement of hippie. Hippies considered meditation as one of fixed assets for achievement of harmony with themselves and people around. And, though popularity of the movement of hippie gradually died away, but exactly since then meditation gained such distribution in the developed western countries.
In Russia to meditation began to show interest at the beginning of rough 90 - x when, on the next round of development filched Stories, the word " became not an empty phrase; freedom “.
So what is meditation and what sometimes it is confused to?
Many scientists tried to explain that it “ meditation “ from the scientific point of view, but... it gave nothing. As not all scientists consider that meditation, as a rule, is the cornerstone of any religious cult. It means that if the person uses technology of any meditation, then he surely has to belong to a certain spiritual school as, using technology of meditation, the believer surely addresses gods or spirits and if there is no belief neither in that nor in another, so why to spend forces for useless actions? Using the Indian technicians it is desirable to be the Hindu, Buddhist - the Buddhist etc. In Orthodoxy the technology of meditation is used too - it is so-called “ clever making “ and also Iisusova prayer.
Features of a type of meditation depend on features of religion .
Very often confuse such concepts as meditation and concentration . Meditation is a disclosure of certain abilities through so-called charkas (power channels), and concentration is a concentration on any objects.
It is interesting that one of followers of teosofsky school E. P. Blavatskaya, A. I. Klizovsky, opposed concentration on the centers (charkas). He wrote: “ Concentration on any center are Also pernicious (a chakra - a comment of the author) … Because concentration stimulates one center at the expense of the others, plunging into chaos all scheme of polarization them “.
Unlike Klizovsky, the Russian healer Victor Vostokov considers concentration very much even useful. According to Vostokov concentration teaches the person to understand wildlife. Though for this purpose besides it is necessary to make efforts, sometimes not compatible to life of the modern person.
Besides, meditation can be confused often to visualization - practice of planning of the future by means of images. Visualization is very often used by psychologists in the therapeutic purposes. For example, when it is offered “ to replace “ a negative event on positive by means of images. However, if to speak about meditative practice, for example, in the Buddhism, then here visualization is some kind of tool for meditation. So, during meditation practicing causes an image of a deity.
To abuse visualization “ just like that “ is not necessary as it can lead to cycling and unrealizable dreams. To reach something, the person has to know what he specifically wants from life and that it can realize at present. The people abusing visualization look is very suppressed and with detachment.
In modern psychotherapy different types of meditations are applied. It is considered that meditation promotes relaxation, stress relief, finding of rest and internal harmony. In the majority of psychotherapeutic techniques it is recommended to practise in meditation at peak of muscular relaxation. For example, 10 minutes of meditation - 20 minutes of a muscular relaxation by Dzhekobson`s method. According to modern psychotherapists, for development of meditation at the acceptable level it is enough to practise on half an hour daily for half a year. Also there are many other types of meditations which are developed by modern psychoanalysts in the medical purposes.
is among similar also musical meditation (or “ relaxation “) .
Whether meditation harmful is, or it brings benefit? It is possible to answer this question unambiguously: misuse of the exercises published in popular literature can do only harm. The meditation executed under the leadership of the spiritual mentor, the skilled doctor, the psychotherapist with a noble purpose - can bring benefit and help. But, speaking about problems with health, it is better to address meditation if the help is really necessary and only if the skilled expert directs a technique. But just like that, in the unreasonable purposes or out of curiosity, similar practicians it is impossible to use. It is better to pray or use means of usual (national) medicine. And completely to seize any spirituality, years of long and persistent work are necessary, and it is frequent neither money, nor wealth, nor glories bring similar methods as the person is concentrated on search of spiritual harmony, but not on providing himself and the relatives at least to the most necessary.
Good luck are also happy!