What means “ electronic dog “?
A few days ago, speaking by phone with the Japanese, I with horror found out that I cannot dictate the e-mail address. What @ in Russian is called “ dog “ and in English “ at “ I, of course, knew. But in ten years of studying of Japanese to me the sign @ in Japanese never met, even in the dictionary it is not designated. Having blushed, I dictated the address in English, at the same time the Japanese did not exclaim surprise in any way. Really they have no own name “ dogs “? After that, of course, I decided to meet lacks and to learn how ours “ electronic doggie “ call in other languages.
It was necessary to begin, of course, with studying of history of emergence of this sign.
I addressed For the answer to this question to English - to the Russian encyclopedic dictionary on electronic equipment in which it is specified that the symbol @ is skoropisny option of the English pretext “ at “.
As for, the scientists conducting researches about emergence of this sign, for example, Frenchman Denis Muzerelli assumed that he @ appeared as a result of other inclination in writing when merchants of France and Germany began to write down the " badge; `“.
The American scientist Berthold Ullman made the assumption that the sign @ was invented by medieval monks for reduction of the Latin word “ ad “ which was often used as the universal word meaning “ on “ “ in “ “ in the relation “ etc.
The Italian expert of history of language Giorgio Steybail found documents of the 15th century in which the symbol @ was used for designation of a measure of volume - an amphora (in a Latina - the Spanish anfora dictionary is translated as arroba - a weight of equal 12,5 kg.)
History of emergence of a sign as a result led me to the conclusion that the symbol @ exists since the 15th century - both in ispano - Arab, and in Greco - Romance languages - as the commercial symbol used for designation of units of measure of goods.
All know that the sign @ is a symbol of e-mail and it is used for division of a user name on behalf of a host. The first this badge was applied by the leading engineer of the BBN Technologies company Ray Tomlinson in 1971. On the keyboard this key designated the English pretext “ at “.
Frankly speaking, I never and anywhere met use of this sign where - nibud yet, except an e-mail address, however on the first model of the mechanical typewriter, the symbol @ was already present.
So, at different people of the world the symbol @ is typed into the computer equally, and written with words and said differently. Besides, its name on a slang differs too, but that is characteristic, most of users see in “ to a dog “ animal.
British, Americans, French, Italians call @ “ snail “. Africans, Dutches, Poles, Germans prefer to call it “ monkey tail “. Danes can tell “ elephant trunk “ Norwegians “ pork tail “ Chinese - “ little mouse “ and Hungarians - “ worm “. Russians for some reason call this sign a dog, but the Finns who did not far leave us - a cat.
But not all see only animals. Also among slang names are looked through... delicacies.
For example, Swedes @ call a symbol “ a roll with cinnamon “ Israelis - “ strudel “ and Czechs “ herring rolmops “.
Here what interesting names people thought up for this symbol which each of us uses daily.
Well, and as for Japanese... They use English “ attomark “ and any associations with animals the sign @ does not cause in them.