How to understand the emotions?
“ Fundamental “ the emotions defining everything the main are an interest, pleasure, surprise, suffering, anger, disgust, contempt, fear, shame. From connections of fundamental emotions there are complex emotional states, such as, for example, the uneasiness combining fear, anger, fault and interest.
Interest is an extremely important type of motivation in development of knowledge, skills, intelligence. Interest is the only motivation which can support povsednevy work as a normal image. It is necessary for creativity. Interest is considered as one of fundamental congenital emotions and it is considered dominating from all emotions at the normal, healthy person. It is supposed that emotion of interest constantly is present at consciousness and that it together with informative structures and orientations directs perception, knowledge and action. Emotion of interest supports research, studying and constructive activity, the interpersonal and family relations, interest is important for development of ability and intelligence of the individual, plays the leading role in development and formation of the personality.
Pleasure - the positive emotion which is characterized by feeling of confidence, satisfaction and personal importance. Because the feeling of pleasure harmonizes a condition of the person, sating it with self-satisfaction, satisfaction with the world surrounding it and a mirosozdaniye in general, this emotion, for the objective reasons, is to rather short-term, subject change by other emotional states.
Pleasure is of great importance in activity of the person, facilitating and strengthening social communications, thereby, increasing adaptation characteristics of the personality and designating release from negative stimulation and intense states.
Surprise - the emotional reaction to suddenly arising circumstances which does not have accurately expressed positive or negative sign. Surprise brakes all previous emotions, directing attention to the object which caused it and can turn into interest. Surprise is generated by sharp increase in nervous stimulation, the sudden and unexpected event is its external reason. This emotion lasts not for long, is followed by feeling of absence of thoughts and feeling of uncertainty. In strict sense surprise is not neither positive, nor negative.
Suffering - the important fundamental, brightly negative emotion playing a significant role in evolution of the person and continuing to execute important biological and psychological functions. Suffering from anguish, the person can feel loneliness, isolation, isolation, defeat and feeling of isolation both true, and imagined, and also discontent with and powerlessness. The suffering - the most widespread negative emotion which is dominating at a grief and a depression, able to serve the constructive purposes, motivating vigorous activity.
One of the reasons of anger is the feeling of a physical and psychological obstacle - physical hindrances, rules, laws or own inability. If obstacles are insignificant or unevident, direct reaction can in anger and not be expressed, however if something really hinders the achievement of passionately desirable purpose, the anger surely will arise sooner or later. Low levels of anger can be suppressed for a long time that is accompanied by the known harm for health and by risk of extreme explosion of anger. Other reasons of anger include a personal insult, interruption of situations of interest or pleasure, deception, coercion to make something against desire. These reasons cause anger in many people though there are others, the individual and depending on a level of development anger reasons.
Anger forces to test strong tension and is followed by a strong feeling of impulsiveness.
Disgust is the negative emotional state caused by objects (objects, people, circumstances, etc.), contact with which (physical interaction, communication in communication and so forth) enters a sharp contradiction with the ideological, moral or esthetic principles or installations of the subject. Disgust, as well as anger, can be directed to the individual, lowering a self-assessment and causing self-condemnation.
Contempt is the negative emotional state arising in interpersonal relationship and generated by a mismatch of living positions, views and behavior of the subject with the similar categories inherent in object of feeling.
Feeling of contempt is sense of superiority over someone, the whole group or a subject.
the Fear is the most dangerous of all emotions. But the fear is not only the evil. It can serve as the warning signal and change the direction of thought processes and behavior. With evolutionarily - the biological point of view the fear can strengthen social communications, include collective protection. In modern civilizations there is more and more increasing number of objects, events, conditions and situations which frighten or can be frightening. The understanding of fear does not relieve of dangerous or frightening situations, but it can provide an additional control measure over this emotion. The fear can slow down thinking, make it narrower on volume. It leads to tension of muscles, and at horror the subject can be dumbfounded and become absolutely motionless. The fear very strongly reduces number of degrees of freedom in behavior.
Shame - the negative emotional state which is expressed in awareness of discrepancy of own thoughts, acts and appearance not only to expectations of people around, but also own ideas of the appropriate behavior and appearance.
The behavior of the person considerably depends on his emotions, and various emotions differently influence behavior. Sthenic emotions - increase activity of all processes in an organism, asthenic - brake them. As a rule, positive emotions are sthenic: satisfaction (pleasure), pleasure, happiness, and asthenic - negative: displeasure, grief, grief.
Sincerely I wish to all readers of my article to test as much as possible sthenic emotions in the life!