“ Studying of prevalence of the use of psychoactive agents among youth of
Relevance of studying of a problem of psikhoativny substances is caused by the continuing growth of prevalence and heavy the physician - social consequences of their use. During a certain interval of time in this area there were essential changes if from 1990 to 2000 growth rates grew into an epidemic, then some stabilization process is noted now.
Incidence and morbidity of drug addiction and toxicomanias among the population increased what the researches based on studying of dynamics of these testify to. Methods of assessment of the situation on the basis of data on incidence and on morbidity do not lose the relevance, but give “ delayed “ idea of a problem as characterize mainly the number of the patients who asked for the help in medical institutions at a stage of the created illness.
Therefore extremely important are represented the methods allowing to make an assessment of the current situation connected with the use of psychoactive agents, namely, features of abuse of them among various groups of the population, in particular, among teenagers.
In Russia is executed in recent years enough epidemiological researches in which authors give assessment of the situation, the country connected with prevalence of the use of various psychoactive agents in certain regions. Results of numerous researches show existence of a steady tendency to continuous growth of consumption of alcoholic beverages, drugs, toxic substances and simultaneous decrease in age of the youth joining them.
Despite detailed research of separate aspects of distribution of a drug addiction and other manifestations of deviant behavior of teenagers questions of the organization of effective prevention and the help socially - to the deadapted teenagers are far from the full decision. Recognizing in words interdisciplinary character of a problem, practically issues of prevention are resolved under the authority of health care, education and law enforcement agencies often without interaction. Besides, the teenager as object of influence, is considered, most often, separately, out of its macrosocial environment and, first of all, a family. Orientation, as a rule, to fight against consequences, i.e. on correction of already existing social disadaptation, but not on elimination of risk factors of its emergence remains one more problem.
Within the European project of the school researches “ ESPAD “ in 2007 will be work with the purpose of monitoring of prevalence of consumption of psychoactive agents (surfactant) among teenagers is carried out. Monitoring is carried out in many countries of Europe by a standard technique that allows to compare the data obtained in various territories. Use of a standard technique gives the chance to analyze dynamics of a narcological situation in time and to compare data of different regions and countries. For the first time the Russian Federation (data on the basis of Moscow) took part in research in 1999. Work will continue not only twelve years` research, but also in turn will provide material about addictions to psychoactive agents among youth across all territory of Federation.