Rus Articles Journal

What dogs think of? Whether

are Known by you, dear readers that the thinking of animals is a prototype of thinking human? However, hundred years ago scientific physiologists doubted it, but now it is known that such types of rational activity as deduction (removal), the induction (targeting), the analysis of unfamiliar objects and synthesis (mental connection) exist also at the highest animals, differing only in extent of development. The person possesses nervous system, very difficult on a structure, and superiority of his behavior is provided to these. But whether always this behavior is human?

In the course of evolution people tamed to themselves different animals, and among them allocated the important place to a dog, having taught her to different knowledge: to help to hunt, protect the house, to transport small belongings, to graze cattle. Also the dog the loyal friend of the person became over time

About dog devotion, intuition, sacrificial constancy and dedication long since were written by fairy tales, stories, composed legends.

At dogs excellent hearing, sense of smell, magnificent memory, fine reaction and special abilities to training is strongly developed that allows to use them in our century as guides of blind people as rescuers in mountains as assistants to geologists, gas-men as actors in circus art as police dogs in criminal investigation department - them learn to find criminals, drugs, the weapon, explosives, they help with treatment of nervous diseases at children and adults.

Ability of a dog to see off the blind person - not to pursue cats, to bypass all obstacles seems by miracle, warning him: to stop before a threshold, not to hit against a column, not to fall in a ditch, to rise and fall on a ladder. These dogs show care, patience and keenness of the careful nurse. Also it became clear that dogs of many breeds, and even not purebred mongrels, are capable to be guides. It turned out that the sense of responsibility and concentration are inherent not only to the person, but also his loyal canine friend. the Dog is not able to tell

, but look with it in eyes, and you will guess dog thoughts on their expression - they are clear, as at the five-year-old child. She barks when she is irritated by pungent smells, loud sounds, noise various when strongly hungry. The dog is happy if praise her, scratch, but very much suffers from human cruelty, from undeserved kicks, from contempt and indifference. She is very betrayed to the owner - is ready to run behind him on the world`s end, to rescue on the earth and in water, to protect from attack if someone suddenly dares to threaten

dogs Have one property, very moral, pronounced - FEELING of GRATITUDE. This feeling overflows it if the owner treats it kindly, understands thoughts and desires. Then waits for the person the dog delight expressing love and infinite pleasure from communication. Other property characteristic of dogs - FEELING of ATTACHMENT - turns them sometimes into the looking for wanderers ready the globe to run all over that to find the bosom friend. It is possible to give an uncountable set of examples of UNSELFISHNESS of dogs, their sacrifices when for the sake of human life they are ready to give, dog.

Scientists could not understand long time how the brain generates thought, but experiences on dogs led them to discoveries. The doctrine about reflexes of a brain and opening of conditioned reflexes brought closer the person to understanding of thinking. Once the French philosopher, the physicist, the mathematician and the physiologist Rene Descartes (1596 - 1650) gave an idea of a reflex, considering the simple automatic actions as reflex (reflected) and described the estimated nervous mechanism.

Founder of the Russian school of physiology Ivan Mikhaylovich Sechenov (1829 - 1905) specified Descartes`s researches, having established that not only simple automatic actions, but also the highest sincere experiences are reflektornymipo to the nature. Other Russian scientist, Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849 - 1936) the Nobel laureate of 1904, made experiments on dogs, and in the analysis of their sentry reflex found out that the considerable part in adaptation of animals is made by the conditioned reflexes formed on the basis of unconditional (congenital).

Pavlov at first opposed likening of mentality of animals human and even fined the employees when they spoke: The Dog thought The Dog wanted but at the end of experiences agreed with what the conditioned reflex represents not only the physiological phenomenon, but also psychological.

Whether animals are reasonable? Whether they think? Yes, they think, but only of objects, to them well-known.

Charles Darwin, for example, watched behavior of the dog and noticed that she pricked up the ears when she noticed in the distance other dog. With approach of foreign dog the behavior of a dog of Darwin sharply changed if she recognized in her a dog of the neighbor. Whether thinking it? The main forms of thinking - judgment, concept and the conclusion.

Analyzing behavior of different types of dogs, it is possible to draw a conclusion that, depending on a level of development, animals are capable to judgments and the conclusions, that is, they think. However only the fact of generalization follows from behavior of animals, only people have concepts. The fauna went a long way of development from simple forms to difficult, and some animal species possess the features connected with characteristic abilities of the person.

From time immemorial the person carried by gratitude to the canine friends, singing in the epos, worshipping them and putting monuments. In our space age oversaturated by information there live near us right four-footed beings radiating heat of love and interest in people and on you depends, dear parents with what you will bring up the pets: humane, sympathetic or cruel and heartless.

Take care, you appreciate dogs, do not offend the most devoted and unselfish friends of the person, teach to treat animals with respect validly.