What was ancient soccer?
Already very long centuries of the person do not feed with bread, let`s a ball drive, well, or at least to look at it. England is considered the ancestor of modern soccer, but many people it is the right challenge - still, some of them played soccer when British did not exist at all.
In the Ancient Chinese sources dated 2697 BC the game similar to modern soccer is described. Teams played in the presence of the Chinese emperor, then awarded winners in the flowers, wine and expensive vessels, and publicly beat losers with bamboo sticks (it, likely, would be pleasant to modern fans of some teams).
A mention about “ soccer “ in the Japanese manuscripts it is dated 2650 BC, and there was a game at court of the emperor. The purpose was to drive a ball into gate for the determined time. By rules of this ancient Japanese soccer the ball should not have fallen by the earth therefore all the time was standing at players.
The game similar to soccer existed also at ancient Greeks. It was called garpanon, and was similar to modern rugby, it was only impossible to play hands. Each team tried to carry out a ball for the field of the opponent. In Sparta girls were even allowed to play it.
At Julius Caesar played in garpastum, but it was not entertainment, and an important element of military occupations. The ball should be carried out between two racks, and for a stop of the opponent any receptions were allowed. Also in Rome there was a prototype of modern soccer - game a sferomakhiya which, it is considered, adopted at them the won people.
During the Middle Ages era game, in general, was forgotten though which - where continued to play. For example, the game " was widespread in Normandy; la sul “ very similar to soccer. Two teams drove a leather ball directly on streets therefore inhabitants had to put special obstacles on doors and windows (apparently in order that in the heat of game football players did not break incidentally into their houses). Quite often handicraftsmen gave up work for the sake of soccer therefore the authorities issued the special decrees forbidding game, but everything is vain.
In Renaissance football games revived too. France played game shollazh. The goal in this game was set off if the ball from a kick got to the barrel rim fitted by parchment paper.
At that time the ball game was very popular in Italy too. In teams there were about 27 players who in the field of 100õ50 meters had to hammer a ball into big grids. The ball was hammered into gate with hands and legs. If the player missed, then at team earlier gathered points were selected (it would be pleasant to modern fans too). Judges watched game from an eminence. Except judges were present and “ judges over judges “ who stopped mistakes of arbitrators. One of rules said: “ The Player has no right to hit the rival with hands or legs when that does not own the " ball;. Game was called Gio del Calcio. Apparently, modern Italians still play it because soccer at them is called “ kalchio “.
Inhabitants of pre-Columbian America were also inveterate football players. About this Old Indian soccer many dark rumors go: and about game by the chopped-off heads, and solemn bringing in the victim of winners … One of not really blood-thirsty Aztec games - players drove a ball legs on long distances, competing who will quicker achieve the objectives. Sometimes it proceeded 500 km. It is necessary only to sympathize with the audience who, probably, too had to run.
In Russia were not alien to drive a ball too - in villages of the Tver and Novgorod region there was a ball game legs - a shalyga. Competing were divided into two groups and tried to tire out a ball in “ city “ rivals.
On the official homeland of modern soccer - England for the first time the documented game in an ancient type of soccer took place in 217: near the city of Derby derby of Celts against Romans took place. Celts won, history did not keep the account.
What misadventures were endured after that by a ball game on the homeland - a subject for the separate story so about it next time.