Whether Pushkin`s grandfather a strange person was?
the person without whom the genius of the Russian poetry Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin would not be born was born on February 28, 1723. It was named Lev, he received a middle name Aleksandrovich, and the surname, just, was - Pushkin. Unfortunately, it did not live up to the birth of the famous grandson, having died in 9 years prior to this joyful event. Perhaps, for this reason we so know about it a little - the genius`s great-grandfather on mother - Peter the Great`s blackamoor is much better known. Especially it is pleasant to eliminate this gap … with
So, Lev Aleksandrovich was a son younger of brothers in Pyotr Petrovich Pushkin`s family - Alexander and from young nails as it was accepted in the Russian nobility, was enlisted by the officer in an artillery regiment. However, on vivacity of character, emotionality and love to binges pulled it to hussars more. But his grandfather also did not want to hear about it: Pushkin we, and our craft to scorch from guns.
However, times then were vague. After Peter I`s death on the Russian throne the commotion reigned. Pyotr`s daughter Elizabeth ruling the country looked for the successor on a throne and stopped the choice on the nephew Pyotr who at the same time was a grandson of two irreconcilable enemies - Peter I and Karl XII. However, as it often happens, the apple was too far left both from one, and from other apple-tree. It was the undeveloped person and was marked out in the history unless by two things: the decree on a liberty noble of February 18, 1762 and a marriage on the Prussian princess who in Orthodoxy was named Ekaterina.
Its board was very short: from December 25, 1761 to June 28, 1762, when guardsmen on bayonets brought Catherine II to power. But this officer revolt split army in two. In particular, the major Lev Aleksandrovich Pushkin refused flatly to swear on fidelity to not lobe and instigated others to remain faithful to Pyotr, for as was put for two years in fortress. So, at least, Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin considered.
But you understand, there are people who know history much better than direct participants of events. In particular, more than two centuries later after the described events, in 1988 the Soviet historian R. Ovchinnikov offered the version. It got documents from which follows that “ the major Lev Aleksandrovich Pushkin in 1761 asked for resignation on an etiology. As doctors, the major Lev Pushkin " certified; has an illness which we call: malum hipokhondrikum the godfather - matter so from time to time there is at him vomiting, gripes in a stomach, back pain and the blind person pochechuy from which the melenkoliya hipokhondriaka, for which an illness, in our opinion in any service not to be capable " can priklyuchittsa; “.
Of course, I in all these malum hipokhondrikum the godfather - matters understand no more, than a hare geometry, but to us it is not so important now. Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin who all the conscious life looked for the documents allowing to shed light on destiny of the grandfather perhaps lacked the trifle - studying of works of Marx and system of dialectic materialism which armed R. Ovchinnikov. But whether there was a vacation or not, the main thing that the major Lev Pushkin was dismissed.
By then its mentality was a little undermined. In - the first, he became even more irritable, and, in - the second, ceased to consider women for people. It was shown by
already soon. It is known that some part of men carries the head decorated with invisible, but branchy horns. Did not avoid this fate and Lev, having caught the wife in " once; obzhimansa “ with the Frenchman, the former tutor and the teacher of his sons. Lev Aleksandrovich`s sentence was severe, but is fair: the frantsuzishka which, perhaps, also did not taste all delights of communication with foreign wife was hung up on a backyard for edification of others, and the wife was flung in home prison where contained in such severity that soon died on straw.
And the second wife has been through a lot from it more than enough. In particular, when she had to here - to give rise here, the capricious husband ordered it to put on and be in five minutes in the yard. They go on a visit to some distant relatives. All objections of the nurse (the wife did not dare to tell also two words against the will of the husband) conceived the same impact on Lev as flash on the Sun on inhabitants of a shed.
Only that Lev when the wife began to give birth directly during a trip allowed, so it gave the order to the driver to stop the carriage. So in this carriage the father of future genius - Sergey Lvovich was also born.
There is one more rather interesting detail - some time names of children of L. A. Pushkin from first marriage register in ispovedny sheets together with a surname of the second wife, but then in records there are only children from second marriage: the first child who was born on March 20, 1765, the daughter Anna; the eldest son Vasily who was born on April 27, 1766; the second son Sergey who was born on May 23, 1767 and the daughter Elizabeth who was born on August 13, 1776
By the way Lev Aleksandrovich Pushkin died at the age of 67 years; in the register of births of Trinity Church of 1790 there is the following record: “ Umre on a Christian position of October 24 days of artillery the lieutenant colonel Lev Aleksandrovich Pushkin which from a sort was 67 years old, and is buried the 26th in Donskoy Monastery “.
Memories of the grandfather were published after A.S. Pushkin`s death, in 1840. The father of the poet, Sergey Lvovich, flew into a rage when he read in “ Son of the fatherland “ for 1840 his stories about family legends. there is no
But in it anything special - to whom pleasantly in the opinion of acquaintances and strangers to have a reputation for the murderer`s son!
By the way, Pushkin knew family legends not only about Lev Aleksandrovich, but also about the father his, great-grandfather Alexander Petrovich who “ in an attack of jealousy or madness killed the wife who was in the sorts “. According to the researcher, “ the murderer was arrested, but lived after that not for long; died in an imprisonment in the same 1725. Alexander Petrovich`s mother, Fedosya Yurevna, suffered paducheyu; therefore, heredity of her sons could be unsuccessful … “
But trial in a family tree of Pushkin meanwhile is not included into our task. From all this history we can take out one conclusion: whatever unexpected turns the destiny - all this prepared for us part of the picture which leads to some definite purpose. Well do not find Lev the first wife with the Frenchman, then hardly there would be a wife the second. Respectively, there was also no Sergey Lvovich, the father of the poet.
So we have to live by the principle: if something happens to us, so it is necessary for somebody …