Why Germans do not decide to have children?
As testify statistical data, is the share of each woman in Germany 1,3 - 1,4 children while 2 children in a family are necessary. In comparison with other European countries in Germany birth rate of children goes down every year. As a result Germany on the level of birth rate occupies 185 today - e the place in the world. I will notice that in 2003 the lowest level of birth rate for all history of the country is noted.
Besides, 40% of childless married couples aged of from 18 to 49 prefer to think of career and do not want to give birth to children. conducted survey by the Berlin institute among 1535 spouses. The result can be told sad. 44% told that they have no they “ the real partner for creation of a family “ a third of respondents prefers to remain independent. And 75% childless consider that the hostile attitude towards children reigns in Germany. And those who have children, complained of the chiefs who are not showing understanding to them and forcing to work overtime.
Imagine that those women to whom now about 30 with a tail, in general try not to think of children. As confirmation to that serves the fact that every year childless women become 10 percent more. To put it briefly, a third of the German women of 1965 of year of birth are childless.
Of course, you will tell that in the West in the conditions of fierce competition most of young women prefer to work at labor market, but not to give birth to children. Yes, you are right. Germans both on 10 semester and on 12 study. And when will graduate from higher education institution, it already 27 or 29, and even is more senior! Some come to postgraduate study. And it from three to five years. But not to POSTPONE the CHILD`S BIRTH until the same degree! Look, nearly 36% of women with an academic degree have no children in Germany. Average age of mothers at the birth of children about 30 years.
If to consider that in Germany there are more childless couples (9,8 million), than with children (6,9 million with full age) that a large number of single mothers (1,5 million) it is possible to draw a conclusion that value of a family is underestimated by society , and this cell of society is under the threat.
If big families from several generations are widespread in Russia, then for Germany is a rarity . Only 77% of youth live with the parents, 13% live at the father or at mother, 9% grow in a family with the stepfather or the stepmother.
Less marriages consist in Germany. Go on average at more advanced age (28 - 31 year) to the altar. .
In more than a half of families (52%) there is only one child. Families with three and more children became a rarity (14%), about a third of families (34%) have two children. In every fifth marriage there are no children (in 3/4 from them - contrary to desire). Thus, big families in Germany are an exception. Young people prefer to live
“ for “. Discos, travel, visit of concerts, cinema new “ interesting “ acquaintances - here that attracts youth of generation “ " Pepsi;. Zakochiv higher education institution, they seek to get horoshooplachivayemy job. And it occupies year three. To live in a civil marriage and only then think of children...
Why now the birth rate subject, especially in the EU is so often discussed? Because at preservation of the current situation by 2050 at essential reduction of the population of the country there will be also its aging. In the future, the probability of increase in duration of the working day and reduction of the size of pension is high. And who wants it? Besides, in connection with medical progress estimated life expectancy will be higher, however who will be and has to care for elderly people in Germany?
Wellbeing of Germany and an innovation depend on the positive growth of birth rate which directly influences demand of consumers for apartments, cars etc. Young citizens at the age of 30 years form the future of the country.
Thus, of one of the main reasons for decrease in birth rate the fact that citizens of the Federal Republic of Germany make very late the decision on the birth of children is. Due to the aforesaid, more than 40% of the women in Germany who got an education have no children.
The second reason it is possible to call decline in the ability of women of advanced age to give birth to the child. Many reconcile to it, and some resort to artificial insemination. That is why it is so often possible to see families with children - twins or triplets.
The third reason - lack of money and impossibility at the same time both to work and to bring up the child. As a rule, grandmothers and grandfathers, and also numerous relatives do not wish to spend the time, forces on education of grandchildren and grandsons as it is accepted in our country.
In Europe elderly people want to give more to time themselves. Pensioners often go to restaurants, to the pool, to beauty shops, go to resorts, willingly travel and to regularly visit cultural actions. Though, we will notice, in Germany expensive entrance theater tickets and on concerts (from 20 euros). As a result, families with children, on the one hand, should employ the nurse (Babysitter), on the other hand - to take work on the house, creating, literally, houses office.
At the same time we will note that only those kids, at which go to a day nursery: parents managed to register and “ to get in line “ at least in a year, in other cases and three years; which parents have work and earn money. Children and at schools are in kindergartens only to 13. 00. As Germans, " speak; children create a lot of stress “ “ for us absolute accident when school students have vacation “. During summer vacation which lasts only three weeks parents test horror. They do not know what to do with children.
In Germany there are no after-school clubs school camp. To send the child to sports or music school too it will not turn out. All educational services paid, cost much, hourly payment. If parents provided, they can send children to private camp of different profiles, sports, musical, creative and so forth. In this regard, many adults plan the holiday in a year, buying tickets at least in three months to carry out rest with children.
Children of those parents who have no opportunity to pay courses and rest are forced to spend house time, at the TV and at the computer or on the street.
Therefore women in Germany prefer to steep at first to the world “ entertainments, extreme, free relations “ without burdening itself with children. And only then “ ripen “ to become mother when there is a material basis, support and readiness to accept responsibility for itself and the child.