How train children in kindergarten in Germany?
it is necessary to pay Special attention to the color image of birds at windows. Usually in Germany in any establishment irrespective of nature of activity at windows are represented by black color of a bird - or at windows of bakeries, or small little shops there are black iron crows. The fact that even some Germans do not know what it is necessary for is interesting. The matter is that in Germany observe purity of windows under any weather conditions. Birds can not notice a window and suffer, flying through it. For this reason and in kindergarten at windows pictures are represented. Thus, love in the nature and environment protection in Germany take root since the childhood.
Children Monday through Friday from 8 in the morning to 12. 00 - 13. 00 are in kindergarten. Then parents take away them home. In this kindergarten some parents after a lunch bring children into a garden again. Also leave them to 16 there. 00 - 18. 00. With children professional teachers are engaged. There is also other form of care of children. Some children remain since morning to 14. 00 - 15. 00. They have dinner in a garden. Then teachers are engaged individually or in small groups with children.
Language problems are available not only for children - foreigners, but also at German. All children to 8 - mi learn years language therefore the educational program for children is identical to all. on the example of kindergarten of the city of Bonn can tell the following. For children whose development lags behind usual a little, will organize lessons after a lunch. If children - foreigners do not acquire German, as a rule, because houses they communicate in the native language (Turkish, Arab), then studies will organize also in addition small groups.
For children a practical training and excursion programs, as at school will be organized. It is very widespread in Germany. Let`s say tutors told on occupations about chocolate and its ingredients. Means, next day children go to the chocolate museum or on factory, and on the place get acquainted with procedure of preparation of a product.
The interesting program for studying of professions was thought up by tutors of the German kindergarten of the city of Bonn. They organized PTA meeting and asked whether they can show to children the workplace in working hours. Thus, children it is organized got acquainted theoretically with a profession, and practically visited group a workplace of parents. In certain cases heads of the enterprises took active part in this action and personally told about activity of the enterprise in general.
Kindergartens of the city of Cologne with assistance of department of interests of children of the city of Cologne, the subordinate directly the city halls of Cologne, will organize excursion in a botanical garden, on the nature. Excursion lasts 3 hours, with 12. 00 to 15. 00 and only in the summer - in the early fall.
The guide - the specialist of public institution (department of interests of children of the city hall of Cologne) with the diploma “ social worker “. the Expert meets group of children together with tutors (at most 15 people) and parents, and begins acquaintance to the nature. The guide asks children, to behave properly in the wood, in park and in a garden as the childhood is the period of active socialization of the personality when there is a mastering the main standards of behavior which are acquired all further human life. The expert tells that it is impossible to litter, step on plants and insects, to break branches of trees, and it is necessary to treat animals (squirrels, rabbits) carefully. After that children put on headdresses and follow teachers. They are told about each species of a plant, show, to look after properly vegetables and fruit. to Children is offered to call vegetables which they see before themselves (potatoes, carrots, beet and others). Then they are learned to water a kitchen garden and to distinguish vegetables and fruit on taste. For this purpose children are divided by couples and to one of them tie with a scarf eyes.
It is possible to refer two games to them. The first: all (children and adults) get up in a circle, holding hands. Two persons who have to be in the center of this circle get out. To one close eyes a bandage, and another is given two stones. The second player has to tap accurately with them the friend about the friend, and the first player has to go on a sound and catch it. If it is very difficult for the child, then the circle contracts, and other participants help to catch the second player. Other game is directed to communication with the nature and fight against cowardice and fear. Children are divided into couples and also tie with a scarf eyes to one of them. Then the second player takes by hand of the first at whom eyes are tied with a scarf, and silently goes with the first. The child blindfold has to find a tree, “ to get acquainted “ with it then to find it among all trees, having removed a bandage. Reaction of all children in all games is interesting. Game and on attention is provided. On a certain site the guide puts various objects, five pieces on branches of bushes and trees. All have to find them then.
As a result of excursion in a botanical garden children spend time in the fresh air, gaining new useful knowledge and after a lunch, and it is very important as all day establishments in Germany, as a rule, till a lunch. Important value for development of children in kindergarten the initiative of parents has
. The kindergarten will organize a number of actions with their participation, various character. Celebration of Christmas, New year and others, and also church holidays regardless of religious accessory, for example, of the Muslim holiday Ramadan concern to them.
At the initiative of children and tutors will be organized collecting donations by kindergarten for injured people. the Kindergarten also develops and supports international relations with other gardens out of Germany. For example, children draw, write letters and send to one of the African kindergartens. This correspondence fruitfully influences development of children.