Rus Articles Journal

How there life, in Germany? Part 1

About school

Marks in initial classes are not given (to the 5th class, depending on the law of each federal land). Drawings, circles, smiles. Homeworks cannot be set. The child should not be overloaded. There are no textbooks, there are listings, photocopies. Elementary grades write with a pencil, the handle it is impossible. If it is suddenly incorrectly written, it is possible to erase and not to be upset, it is not even necessary to cry. There is a curriculum basis, and there is no most per se. Each teacher chooses itself the program and the rate of maintaining a subject. A school uniform too a rarity, if only in paid educational institutions. However everyone goes as will want.

About ecology Carry out by

sorting of waste. Each city developed the programs for environment protection. So, in the north of Germany, in Hamburg, on all city streets there are trash cans of red color with various cheerful marks. In public places garbage it is not accepted to throw, even chewing gums and cigarettes. If you make it, believe, it will be very a shame to you. Not only on you will look at people around reproachfully, but also will make the remark. However, it will be and then if you cross the road on red light. Therefore any person in Europe feels person since he tries not to be allocated and observe etiquette. Besides, on lawns it is not accepted to go also. If good weather, and you want to lie down on the sun or to arrange picnic, please. For anybody not a secret that in Germany it is possible to remove footwear and barefoot to pass on the road or to lay down on a lawn and to listen to music. The main condition, enjoy life, but protect the nature. After your picnics you have to clean up.

Besides everything, each resident of Germany himself sorts the waste and garbage, throwing out them only in the tanks and containers which are taken away for this purpose. In Hamburg, for example, more than 8600 containers for waste paper are installed. Already now many paper-mills work only at waste raw materials, they at the same time turn out exclusively high-quality products.

For poisonous waste, and also batteries and accumulators to electro - and to radio sets, the remains of dyes and household chemicals, some types of plastic, solvents etc. are available in the centers for processing of waste special departments of their reception.

There is such garbage which needs to be burned. Four modern installations on burning of garbage equipped with modern monitors and control are available in Hamburg. The garbage coming to these installations should be sorted and crushed in the beginning, and for destruction of a harmful poisonous dangerous product of burning - dioxine, to lift combustion temperature above 1000 C. These installations not only destroy garbage, but also give a large amount of energy which can be applied either to electricity generation, or to receiving hot water for residents, and the slags which are formed when burning can be used as a valuable product for building industry.

In grocery stores plastic packages can be bought, but not to take free of charge. In this regard habitual for residents of this European country became use of reusable packages or even shopping bags made of cloth.

One of successful projects of Germany is introduction of rather high pledge on a plastic bottle and aluminum jars under drinks. Means that upon purchase of drink, for example, in a plastic bottle, the container is in addition paid. At return of empty capacity the cost of a container is compensated.

Nearly 80% of environmental pollution happen from - for transport. In environmental policy of Germany the principle of calculation of a tax on vehicles takes place. The better in the car the catalyst of exhaust gases is installed, the less tax (up to liberation) is accrued to payment on the owner.

About safety on roads by

In Germany lately comprehensively maintain traffic safety on the road. Everywhere bicycle paths will be organized. Children surely have to pass examination at school in driving of the bicycle, have the right of independent driving acquire the rights and after permission of appropriate authority (school), in the presence of the put-on helmet. If the child of preschool age, then he has the right to go only with adults. The similar program is carried out also in Japan. Training of school students and drivers in rules of the safe movement for the purpose of decrease in number dorozhno - transport incidents with participation of young people and decrease in level of the caused damage surrounding to the environment extends.

For example, since fall of 2005 in Hamburg the pilot project with assistance of the city is carried out, namely: traffic lights with the digital board specifying time in seconds before inclusion of the next signal are installed on the central streets.

of GAI officers on highways does not exist. But everywhere the hidden video cameras " are established; blitz which instantly even at the minimum violation of the high-speed movement photograph number of your car and brand. However at the same time, in the photo it will not be visible your person and your passengers in order to avoid the family conflicts. Suddenly near you there will be not your spouse, but other woman lovely to heart. Of course, to you rather big penalty by mail will come at the first prevention and you will be obliged to pay it in the put terms. After this notice everyone prizadumatsya whether it is worth risking for the second time? Next time the sum will be twice higher, and you can lose the rights. Whether it is worth explaining still why all car owners follow traffic regulations and go only according to road signs. And here that there is a special penalty for purity of the car, we will not speak. It is so natural to Europe.

About police

the Police of Germany gradually gets other color shape. From habitual green color police officers pass to the European blue standard. It found the application, as in a uniform, and official patrol cars. As a result the tendency to increase of safety was outlined in the cities owing to recognition law enforcement officers.

About dismissal of pregnant women

can carry a question of preservation of a workplace in case of pregnancy of the woman irrespective of age To this subject. If earlier in the German legislation the woman during employment did not report that she in situation, then the employer after receiving this news filed a lawsuit and carried the case. Now this issue is resolved in a different way. In Germany any woman at work can not report that she is pregnant. The employer has no right to ask a question of her state as it is unethical. Such question represents one of types of the forbidden discrimination from - for accessories of the person to the defined sex. It - no other than female discrimination - the court on one lawsuit so proved the decision.

Refusal of the worker of performance of the work on that basis stipulated in the employment contract that she is pregnant, is also absolutely lawful. It on the duration is temporary and does not lead to long violation of contractual obligations, and its purpose - preservation of health of future mother and her child.

It is not so easy to dismiss the minor employee in Germany. According to the law on protection against dismissal, at dismissal certain general conditions have to be satisfied if the hired worker worked more than 6 months and more than 10 hired workers are employed at the enterprise. Pupils are not included into this number as occupied part-time are considered protsentualno, depending on what part of the working day work. Under the law, dismissal has to be socially proved and have the reasons: or personal qualities and behavior of the worker, or urgent production need. If council of the enterprise operates on the enterprise, at dismissal his opinion is listened. The dismissal undertaken without involvement of council of the enterprise has no validity. If the worker wishes to disprove dismissal, it is necessary for it within three weeks after receiving dismissal in writing to submit a claim to competent labor court.

Part 2