What is palindromes and what they happen?
the Most known palindrome - “ And the rose fell on Azor`s paw “. Well, you already remembered, what is it? By the way, the Russian poet of the 19th century A. A. Fet is considered the author of this phrase .
The literary encyclopedia says:
PALINDROME [Greek - “ running back “ differently palindromon, pereverten] - the phrase constructed so that it can be read both on the right and at the left, keeping sense, e.g.: “ I go with we throw the judge “ “ Attack of a decline “ etc. More difficult type of P. (verbal, but not alphabetic) is the poem by this principle, e.g.:
“ Thought is cruel. Night silence
Swings images of the past,
the Shimmer meets smiles severely, Stradanye`s
Is deep - deeply! Stradanye`s
severely meets smiles...
swings the Shimmer of a former image... Molchanye`s
. Night thought is cruel “
Representing one of the most difficult forms of graphic verbal game, P. appears sporadic - in late antique poetry, in poetry of baroque, in poetry of symbolists.
with Palindromes were written by the whole poems. How on me, their art value is small, but for sharpening of skill of possession of the word - why and is not present?
Is also more difficult branches: superpalindromes . The most known, going from the Middle Ages, the palindrome - a square which is read forward, back, across and down and even from below up is:
S A T O R
A R E P O
T E N E T
O P E R A
R O T A S
This Latin phrase is a word-play, but the approximate translation “ The Plowman Arepo plows (works) around “ ( of sator - the plowman, - to work with of opera etc.)
In the Middle Ages this palindrome was considered as a powerful spell from evil spirit. Besides cleaning qualities, of Sator Arepo protected property and the sleeping people from the fire, and the phrase was considered so miracle that it was allocated with ability to extinguish fire if to represent it on a wooden plate and to throw this plate into a flame. In 1742 the governor of Saxony issued the decree that in each house kept near at hand such plates - for fire-fighting. Say even that this formula entered the coats of arms of fire brigades in Germany and Lorraine, on an equal basis with a fireproof reptile - a salamander.
In “ Egyptian secrets of Albert Veliky “ it is recommended to use this square for recognition of witches because any witch cannot be with it in one room; for protection of cow`s milk from witch charms; for healing from gripes and for protection against the morovy craze poisoned air and various sorcery.
In the manuscript from Bodleian library it is said that by means of a square Sator it is possible to grant any desire wonderfully: “ Trace these words on parchment blood of a wild pigeon, and carry them in the left hand, and ask about what you want, and you will receive it “. According to other sources, Sator Arepo, at due skill and impudence allowed to fly by air a raven, an eagle or a crane, granted invisibility, allowed to change the sex, age and shape.
by shift of letters found In this spell also the sacred words “ Pater Noster “ i.e. Pater Noster, and devilish statements. The Middle Ages that you want.
And presently palindromes - only linguistic game. Not to tell that all of them were substantially deep, but some originators manage to create palindromes rather intelligent and even amusing. There are several examples:
Asya, milk about
A meat a brush as the mother-in-law
the Whale at the sea - the romantic
But is invisible the Archangel laid down on the temple and diveins it the Track led
port of Ink early lamps on the left, the clown!
Take away at the thief a cow and the maiden
Boas tore monasteries in hell
Horror. The angel laid down on
soot seldom a hand a stub I hold
Me the truth attracts shine.
Is necessary a sword in a fist, and onions - in a suitcase.
Rustle from an oaklet as though is good.
Here is good cheese to food, rats rustle here
I in conclusion - one more kind of a palindrome - a white palindrome . Here I will just give a note of the remarkable humorist and writer Leo Kaganov , the benefit it short, and you will understand why white palindromes especially were pleasant to me:
club of judges of thin poetry
the THEORY AND PRACTICE of the WHITE PALINDROME
read the collection of palindromes of Karpov, villages Yesterday and quickly composed too a little. Here they:
BEND the LEG the GEOLOGIST
the LAUGHTER EAR - MEXICO CITY
FROM the CORNER MIND the SENSE to IT is SMALL YES
to HA ELBOW the SOUTH CAUSTICALLY of
of HE CANCER And KAPKHET of
SCRAP the EYE of the REGIMENT
In DEBAGGERA BAGH the MIRACLE
is SMALL HA the MODEM YES the LAMER
ONLY the STAKE ABOUT the LOT
CATFISH FORGED the BRIDGE
of ShA! The MASTIFF POURED YEARS
PORRIDGE the RAM to the BAR HE SLAVE
SHOWER IN JELLY the DEBTOR
eat YEAST with the ASS
Only I should not say that supposedly they at me wrong and the back - beforehand are not read. Yes, are not read. To you only back to front to read everything! It is necessary for you? But, you see, in all the rest my palindromes well differ in nothing from usual at all! Some (we will not show fingers) in general write verses without rhymes and claim that it is a blank verse. And I have a white palindrome. Than it is worse than a blank verse? _____________________________________________ Here on this cheerful note we will also finish
. And suddenly readers will want to practise drawing up palindromes too? I wish success!