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How to behave in the temple, or Religious etiquette (Part 1) of

Each religion has a number of distinctive features. I do not mean distinction in the belief at all - everyone has it the. But it is just necessary to know to each person behavior bases in the temples representing various religious trends. Never you know where life can bring So, we will begin with the fact that is the closest to us, the Russian people.

the Orthodox church

As a rule, Orthodox churches have three entrances: main (western, opposite to an altar), northern and southern. All church building is divided into an altar, actually the temple and an antechurch. The altar is fenced off from actually temple by the iconostasis reaching in most cases a ceiling. In an altar there are a throne and an altar. In an altar (central), and also northern and southern doors conduct the Imperial gate.

Women are forbidden to enter an altar. Men can come into an altar only on permission of priests, and that only through northern or southern doors. Through the Imperial gate only priests enter an altar.

Directly the iconostasis is adjoined by a solea - the sublime platform along all altar. Opposite to an imperial gate there is an ambon - the central part of a solea. Without the permission of priests on an ambon and a solea it is also not allowed to ascend.

Since the most ancient times is established to make church service three times a day: in the evening, in the morning and in the afternoon - a liturgy. It is necessary to know that church day begins not at 0 o`clock calendar day, and at 18 o`clock previous day.

The entrance to the temple from the street is arranged usually in the form of a church porch - the platform before entrance doors on which conduct several steps. Approaching the temple, it is necessary to make a sign of the cross and zone bow. Rising by a church porch, before an entrance to doors, again it is necessary to dawn on itself a sign of the cross. Does not follow, standing on the street, to pray long and for show.

It is necessary to come to the temple in 10 - 15 minutes prior to church service. During this time it is possible to give notes, to put a donation on the eve, to buy candles, to put them and to be put to icons. In case of delay it is necessary to behave so that not to prevent a prayer of others. If there is no opportunity to approach freely icons and to put candles, ask to transmit candles through other people.

During church service of the man have to stand in the right part of the temple, the woman - in left, leaving free pass from the main doors to the Imperial gate. In an Orthodox church it is forbidden to sit, the illness or strong exhaustion of the parishioner can only be an exception.

In the temple it is indecent to show curiosity and to consider people around. To inadmissibly condemn and mock at involuntary mistakes of employees or present at the temple. During church service it is forbidden to talk. It is not necessary to condemn and straighten out the beginner who is not knowing church rules. It is better to help it a polite and good advice. Candles need to be bought in that temple to which you came. Whenever possible it is not necessary to leave the temple before the end of church service.

At visit of temples it is necessary to put on so that the most part of a body was covered. It is not accepted to go to the temple in shorts and sportswear. Whenever possible men and women should avoid also undershirts and shirts with short sleeves. The head of the woman has to be covered. Men before an entrance to the temple are obliged to remove a headdress.

It is not necessary to ask blessings from deacons and simple monks as they have no right to do it. Priests and bishops, and also mothers superior of monasteries in a dignity of abbesses bless. Accepting blessing, it is necessary to put palms crosswisely (the right palm over left) and to kiss the right, blessing hand of the priest, it is not necessary to be christened before it.

the Catholic temple

the Catholic temple the same device, as the Orthodox Christian has in general. The most essential difference which is evident is lack of an iconostasis. Instead of it there is a low altar barrier. In the temple the central part - altar is allocated. It is possible to recognize this place by the unextinguishable icon lamp burning before a tabernacle.

Except the central altar, there can be lateral side-altars in honor of Saints. In the temple the special place for chorus and a vestry is also allocated (the certain room for attendants of the temple and storage of liturgical attires and objects).

Men at an entrance to the temple surely have to remove headdresses. For women of a kerchief are not required. There are no also special norms in clothes or use of cosmetics. Emergence in the temple in shorts or too open clothes is not welcomed, and in some temples, including in St. Peter`s Cathedral in Vatican - it is forbidden.

At an entrance to the temple settles down a vessel with the consecrated water, or an aspersorium into which dip fingers of the right hand and then are christened.

At once at an entrance to the temple the genuflection (the right knee) before a tabernacle is made. And subsequently, passing by a tabernacle, make a genuflection, or at least bow. Catholics in an order, other than Orthodox Christians, - at first the left shoulder, then right are christened. The special moments out of a liturgy when it is required to make a sign of the cross, no.

The Catholic priesthood gives a vow of chastity therefore it is tactless to be interested in family life of the interlocutor. One more feature - as a rule, the priest the first offers a hand including to women.

Actually, it limits the basic rules of behavior in Christian temples.