As the concept " is approved at children`s age; Conscience “?
the Psychology of children`s age can give an idea as the concept of conscience is approved in soul. The main basis of development of conscientiousness in small children is made by sense of shame and fear of punishment. Kids do not want to be bad boys and girls, and when for offense they begin to be shamed, they worry, understanding that they got to category of bad children from - for the behavior.
Moral senses (respect, philanthrophy, compassion, honesty, friendship, tolerance, responsibility, etc.) are put already at preschool age during game and in work episodes when children help adults. In game the kid feels the first collective pleasures and grief. Work of the child in a family at preschool and younger school age represents, generally self-service, but it brings it big joy at the correct education of respect.
For the teenager understanding of the feeling of conscience playing a role of the internal judge is characteristic. If at the teenager the self-respect is not developed, sympathy, justice, friendship, then and with conscience at it it will not be safe, and it is very important for regulation of own behavior. The feeling of conscience induces, besides, the teenager and the senior to self-education.
A starting point for education at children of humanity, love, friendship are emotions on the relations of people to each other. The child accepts the norms of morality offered by adults, acquires them, and, as a result, he has an estimated relation to own acts - the regulator of his moral behavior called by conscience. On parents heavy responsibility for education of children lies - to teach them to live in a consent with conscience: respecting others lives, not talking scandal, without betraying, without deceiving …
the Estimated relation to own acts, and also acts of other people, always emotionally therefore conscience also acts emotionally - the estimated attitude towards behavior. By difficult evolution and differentiation sense of shame and moral experience of many generations rose to the high concept “ Conscience “. Children are differently endowed with bashfulness, and education and Wednesday also variously act on them. If you, dear parents, manage to inspire in the child since early years that dissoluteness cannot be the life purpose that the soul of the person is more precious than a body (over a body the nature dominates, and the soul is made by mind, conscience, sense of justice, kindness, humanity, responsibility for the acts), then, perhaps, you will relieve it in further life of a set of sufferings.
If at preschool and younger school age the concept of conscience is, as a rule, connected with unethical behavior or manifestation of shame, then seniors its manifestation can have experiences inducing to is moral - to fair acts. In case of a deviation from accepted standards of behavior children have a shame and self-condemnation stimulating self-correction.
At the adult a strong remorse can appear not only at unethical behavior, but also at omission of opportunities to make a moral act: “ Why did not visit? “ “ Why did not write? “ “ Why did not help? “. Conscience is an important factor at acceptance by the person of crucial decisions, expressing ability to carry out moral self-checking, demanding from itself implementation of various obligations and making a self-assessment of the made acts.
Whether the person with conscience is born? This question long since interested philosophers, a fact of common knowledge that small children should explain what is it. People are born with feeling of intuition, and this phenomenon natural: at one it is developed more, at others - in smaller, however bases of morality take root education. In many languages word formation indicates communication of the concepts “ Consciousness “ and “ Conscience “ and it is not casual: the consciousness is a basis of all manifestations of mentality, and conscience represents a morality basis.
The assessment by the person of acts occurs in the form of judgments and expresses content if they are coordinated with individual concepts of the good and evil or a remorse if there is no coincidence.
Exist various theories of emergence and the statement at the person of conscience: in one development of conscience is explained by psychological and sociological living conditions of people, in others conscience is connected with objective good or human nature.
It is well-known that the egoism of the person doing harm to people around causes censure of society. Altruism, on the contrary, is encouraged. Distinctions of egoism and altruism are explained to children to whom they impart conviction that there is an evil which is blamed and that there is a good which is encouraged.
Both egoism, and altruism - the phenomena natural, inherited by the person, approval and censure became a habit over time. The one who got used to approve in others altruism and to blame egoism, involuntarily transfers this assessment to the acts, having feeling or satisfactions, or repentances and ugryzeniye. Experiences of conscience can sometimes be such strong that push people on self-sacrifice.
And then there are in the world of mankind such persons as mother Theresa who “ being a successful head mistress of Catholic school for girls, bought in the market a cheap sari once and it was dissolved in slums of Calcutta with two rupees in a pocket “ or “ Saint doctor “ Gaaz Fyodor Petrovich whom a remorse made the devotee of philanthrophy, and he began to live to make others happy: “ For this purpose it is necessary to listen to needs of people, to care for them, not to be afraid of work, helping council and business “. Tell the children about these and other examples of human morality.
Conscience … The special feeling inherent in the person and distinguishing it together with process of thinking from other fauna. For the person of conscience a basis of morality the court over by itself represents, its mental dialogue in itself in which he both the defender, and the accuser. Protect invaluable gift - the soul, you teach children to live in a consent with the conscience.