What do we know about rage?
Rage - an acute infectious disease. The main source of rage are wild animals, and from wild animals the infection can pass to house. Dogs and cats are also a frequent source of rage.
At dogs the incubatory period of an illness proceeds from 2 to 8 weeks.
In the first days of an illness of a dog reluctantly respond on call of owners, seek to take refuge in the dark place, cease to eat, from time to time fly into a rage, gnaw and swallow of stones, rags. Breath becomes frequent, pupils extend, from a mouth saliva expires much, bark becomes hoarse and deaf. Then there comes sharp excitement, the dog ceases to recognize the owner, loses a voice. There is a dense saliva which is emitted with clubs from a mouth, the tail is lowered, language hangs down, any attempt causes to swallow of painful spasms.
In a condition of excitement the mad dog can run more than 50 km a day, snatching on people, dogs, animals. Further the period of excitement is replaced by the period of paralyzes, the dog begins to move, leaning only on forward legs. With approach of paralysis of all body the animal perishes.
At cats rage begins with the sudden excitement passing into a condition of aggression. The cat snatches on people and animals, paralysis comes suddenly.
Rage at animals comes to the end with death.
The person gets sick at rage poison penetration from a sting or hit of saliva of a sick animal.
The incubatory period at rage fluctuates over a wide range from several days to one year, but equals to 30 - 90 days more often. The shortest incubatory period is observed at stings in a face, the head, and the longest - at single stings of easy degree or hit of saliva on a trunk and the lower extremities.
In the hidden period health of bitten does not suffer.
During a disease allocate 3 stages: prodromalny, excitement and paralyzes. The first symptoms of a disease are almost always found on the place of a sting, some days before emergence of typical symptoms in patients there is an itch and nagging pains in the place of the former sting. The healed wounds and hems quite often swell up a little.
Patients complain of the general weakness, a headache, heartbeat. There can be also other frustration - appetite loss, dryness in a mouth, nausea, vomiting, a lock, perspiration. But the concern - feeling of alarm and melancholy is especially characteristic.
breath becomes Further wrong, often is interrupted by deep sighs, warm activity is broken, pulse accelerates. At the same time there is a hydrophobia. Any attempt of a satisfying of thirst leads to developing of extremely painful spasms of a throat, and patients in horror push away from themselves a glass. Further only one type of liquid, noise of the flowing water and thought of drink causes an attack of spasms.
Any sharp movement of air causes the chaotic reductions of muscles which are followed by asthma in the patient. It is enough to blow slightly to the patient in a face or to wave a row a towel to cause an attack.
under the influence of external irritation of skin and mucous - bright light, noise, loud conversation, under the influence of emotional perezhivaniypoyavlyatsya the attack which is followed by throat spasms, spasms of muscles and asthma.
At a sting a dog or other animals it is necessary to see a doctor immediately. The only measure of the prevention of a disease are inoculations of an antirabichesky vaccine. They become free of charge any bitten, and not 40 in a stomach, but only 6 in a delta visible muscle.
Prevention consists in identification and extermination of animals - sources of an infection and in the prevention of a disease of the person after infection. the Important place in prevention of rage belongs to
sanitarno - veterinary promotion.
Owners of dogs need to be attentive to the animals, at the slightest changes in behavior of animals immediately to see the veterinarian. Remember
! Rage remains an incurable disease with death also today if after a sting of a mad animal safety vaccination is not done in time.