How to become the astronaut? 7. For those who fly!
Even successful landing - hard business. Twice unsuccessfully Volynov landed. In 1969 - m to year it nearly died at return to Earth. From the lander the instrument compartment did not separate, from - for what the capsule with Volynov rushed through the atmosphere not the heat-shielding screen, but the hatch inside forward.
Volynov, understanding what will burn down or will break, dictated the events that then somebody could analyse accident on a film. Fortunately, at the height about 80 kilometers from an overheat tanks of an instrument compartment blew up. That separated, the parachute worked.
Rather late. It not up to the end reduced the mad speed of falling. From blow at the astronaut four teeth took off. After this Volynov for seven years discharged of flights, and here, again unsuccessful landing …
Powder engines of soft landing work approximately for meter to the Earth`s surface. But the capsule was shaken on parachute slings, the engine worked on a maximum of amplitude and flung away a capsule at an angle to the Earth`s surface.
Having described an arch in air, it crashed down for seven meters a hatch cover, jumped aside, flew by three more meters, again and again jumped up … At Volynov from blow the cord from a shlemofon burst.
The hard landing fell to lot of crew of the ship “ Rising - 2 “ with astronauts Belyaev and Leonov onboard. They hardly fitted into a landing corridor, descent was almost uncontrollable.
They fell in the middle of a taiga, having broken several trees, buried during deep snow. They did not know where they are, and the Control center of flight did not know where to look for them. They spent several days in a taiga, in 180 kilometers from Perm. At last astronauts were found from helicopters, but to reach them it was possible only on skis.
Even after successful landing of astronauts wait on Earth of test. In zero gravity there is an increased outflow of calcium from an organism. If the astronaut breaks a hand or a leg in space, then the bone long will not grow together. During long flights in zero gravity muscles will atrophy. Astronauts lose an opportunity to move independently.
Nikolaev and Sevastyanov after 17 days of flight by the ship “ The Union - 9 “ felt so badly that most of the Soviet scientists came to a conclusion about impossibility of long space flights.
But science does not stand still. The special modes of stay of astronauts onboard space stations are developed, and postflight adaptation takes place now much easier.
What forces these brave people to be torn in space, to be exposed to deadly risk, to burn, sink, choke? And what forced their predecessors to open new continents, to cross deserts, to fly through a pole to America?
Probably, Gorky was right: given rise to fly to creep will not want. Here therefore fly to space. Also space tourists are right, having paid millions for the most abrupt adventure in life, for the dream.
We will wish to all astronauts, and ours, and not our, light-to celebrate the Day of Astronautics, take-off easy for them and soft landings, reliable joinings and loyal friends in an orbit. Give a toast to them, they it deserved.