What occurred with “ Maria Tselesta “? Ghosts of the seas
History “ Maria Tselesta “ perhaps, became the most mystical and mysterious in the history of navigation. It will never not be possible to solve this secret, perhaps, to us. Many world writers described in the works what, in their opinion, happened to the well-known vessel. One of such authors is also all famous Arthur Conan Doyle.
History However with what everything began
on November 10, 1872 brigantine “ Maria Tselesta “ left New - York with alcohol freight - rectificate in barrels and headed for Genoa. The crew of a brigantine consisted of eight people. Benjamin Briggs who had a twenty-year experience of swimming on sailing vessels by then was the captain of a brigantine. In that memorable flight of Briggs took with itself in swimming the wife and the daughter.
Vessel “ Maria Tselesta “ 400 miles from the Strait of Gibraltar were found the vessel " without team on December 4, 1872; Dai Grazia “. In the logbook the last record appeared on November 24, 1872. Judging by it, the vessel, in ten days prior to its detection, headed for the East, and seamen met him going west.
On the deck the hatch of nasal hold was open, in it was water about a meter. There was no only boat. On hand-rail of the right board deep notches were made the axe. All windows of a fodder superstructure were closed by tarpaulin and driven in by boards. Along boards of a brigantine there were cuts of the inch width two meters long everyone. Detectives established that these cuts were made some carpenter`s tool approximately at the end of November, just in that time when in the logbook the last record was made.
The furniture was in cabins on the places, beds were accurately filled, the clothes hung on hangers. In cabins - the companies everything looked so as if people just left. On a dining table plates, cups, knives and forks were spread out. The window had a sewing machine with unfinished work - a children`s shirt. On a floor toys rolled. In a box of a table there was a wooden, inlaid with nacre casket in which, except jewelry, the thick pack of banknotes was found that completely rejects a possibility of attack of pirates. Amazingly and the fact that sailors did not take with themselves pipes which they never leave!
One week prior to a vessel find near the Azores of storm it was not noted and by the ship everything stood on the places. All ware was also whole. Underwater survey of the vessel led to a conclusion that it did not collide anything.
Unfortunately, information which reached up to now on the exact description of the found brigantine - is inconsistent. For example, according to one version, one of barrels was opened and in it one third was not enough, but on another - the last barrel was completely empty.
If the barrel was opened, then it is possible to assume that sailors on the vessel could be in an alcohol intoxication. Lack of the boat shows that the team left the vessel on it. The broken compass, lack of any documents except the logbook shows that the vessel was left in a hurry, but at the same time it is not clear why the team did not take with itself drinking water? The reason for which the team in a hurry left the vessel can be that in hold there was water, perhaps, the team assumed that the vessel is threatened by danger of flooding. However, other reason for which the team could leave the ship could appear the infrasonic wave which inspires in crew inconceivable fear and team in a hurry leaves the vessel. This phenomenon I already mentioned in article devoted “ to the Flying Dutchmen “.
The captain Morkhauz towed off a brigantine to the Gibraltar port where the Admiralty authorities immediately started careful investigation which lasted 11 years, but did not render any certain verdict. Here concluding remarks of the commission: “ At total absence of any data which can shed light on this business it is necessary to be afraid that destiny of crew “ Maria Tselesta “ will increase itself number of secrets of the ocean which will be revealed only that great day when the sea refuses the dead persons. If the crime was committed about what forces to suspect a lot of things, then it is not enough hope that criminals fell into justice hands “.
The most successful version of incident
So also sank into oblivion this mysterious history if not investigation of Arnold Fillimor, English historian and publicist. He studied a set of such riddles, without having avoided and well-known “ Maria Tselesta “.
During the investigation it came to tremendous opening. Investigating various sources and documents of that time, he came to a conclusion that all this mysterious history was not mysticism, but an ordinary story about smuggling. According to Fillimor, the vessel transported in an empty barrel from - under alcohol false brands.
Besides, Fillimor also explains mysterious disappearance of crew of the vessel. It appears, the authorities of Italy were informed on the illegal freight which left New - York to Genoa and sent the police boat for interception of a brigantine. But criminals did not doze and also were aware about plans of interception of a brigantine by police. They, in turn, sent a schooner “ Lombardy “ on interception of a brigantine which, having overtaken the last, accepted all its inhabitants and valuable freight on the board. But here the destiny of this schooner, unfortunately, turned out not such happy as destiny “ Maria Tselesta “. The vessel got to a storm, and all its inhabitants died together with valuable freight - brands.
Instead of the conclusion
It is unconditional, Fillimor`s theory, the most plausible theory for all the time of research of secret of a brigantine, but also she, unfortunately, does not answer a number of questions which were born in itself by a mysterious brigantine, namely:
Why covers of nasal hold lay on the deck the bottom up?
Why windows of a fodder superstructure were driven in, and light hatches in cabins - the company and a cabin of the captain are open wide open?
Why record on a slate board is made not a hand of the captain, not a hand of his assistant and not the navigator`s hand?
Why on hand-rail of the right board notches were made the axe while any traces of violence by all ship it was revealed not span?
Why tore sails if “ Maria Tselesta “ to any storm did not get?
Why in a cabin of the navigator?
Why the boat was lowered from the left board whereas in the conditions of steady a north - Vesta would be much more expedient to lower it from right?
And, at last, why the brigantine changed a course?