Why Kant was called “ transcendental object “ and what can learn at it?
on February 12, 1804 in Konigsberg there was a great mourning - heart of the great patriot of the city, the philosopher Immanuel Kant stopped. This dry old man on whom in recent years residents of Konigsberg synchronized watches died on hands at the sister, by then he broke off all relations with the brother.
The grief was so genuine that Kant was long not wanted “ to release “. Instead of the put two days at parting, this ceremony took more than two weeks. And only on February 28 28 best students of the local university which received the name Albertina on hands took out a coffin with a body of its last calm, deceased to the place.
About what philosopher was Kant - many know only by hearsay: not so - it is easy to overcome that at least “ To the Critic of pure reason “. And to most of present inhabitants it and to anything: the philosophy of life and survival dictates the laws today. Well if someone, reading the book " much more popular today; Master and Margarita “ will remember scientific dispute of Voland with Kant on existence of God. I want them to afflict a little - Kant never “ removed “ the personal proof, is the myth.
What it was, this genius of the century? It is rather interesting to look at it to gather something useful and for itself.
So, we will begin with the birth. Immanuel was the fourth child in a family of a shornik, or if you want, saddle affairs of the master. It was hereditary because also the grandfather of future philosopher was famous only for the heavy-duty and graceful saddles for horses. So it turned out that “ little man “ as his mother Regina carefully called Immanuel, was the first survived child in a family. In a God-fearing cell of society did not recognize abortions, and therefore in total Regina gave birth eleven times, but survived, except the philosopher, much less a half. One researchers insist that Kant had three brothers and the sister, but German Kronenberg insists that the brother was one, as well as the sister. Perhaps, and so.
As I already told, in the childhood and youth Kant was very sickly child. The narrow thorax, uneven gait, not a so notable origin - at another would develop tens of complexes. But Immanuel was limited only to one - improbable shyness. And to win against its smog very at a distant day - it is for certain known that even after 1755 when to Immanuel was already for 30, and he acquired the right to give lectures in Albertine, the philosopher who already three times protected an academic degree did not cope with nervousness. He spoke is hardly heard and often recovered. At us in the people of such people call a little sharply: mumbling.
Perhaps, for this reason professor Kant became in the whole 15 years - only in 1770 to him “ smiled “ department of logic and metaphysics. Kant writes
same year to the friend Mark Gertsu that he conceived the composition and hopes to finish it in three months. The naive scientist - “ Criticism of pure reason “ was issued only 11 years later - at the beginning of 1781.
But we will return to “ transcendental objects “. The first that connects Kant with this concept - its voluntary solitary life from 1746 to 1755 when future philosopher was limited to a position of the house teacher and, as they say, a nose did not show on different as now it is accepted to speak, “ parties “. Sat below a grass, waters are more silent.
The second moment - Kant not really - that loved women`s society though he treated some women very indulgently. But he was never married, and nobody could brag of the fact that he recorded the fact that Kant shared with someone the bed. Spitpoisons to a tutzha built the theory that the philosopher very much wants to live up to an old age and therefore protects own forces. Where here place to the woman?
This love to himself, unless not an indicator that the person is a bright embodiment of a transcendental object?
And about women Kant somehow told: “ The Woman does not like to give herself and therefore does not get drunk. It is weak and therefore it is cunning “. Least of all philosopher wanted to be outwitted.
I, at last, the third - where invited Kant - not that to teach, and even to act with lectures - he never left the hometown that became the reason of a nickname of Kant in a scientific circle - the hermit from Konigsberg. And who such, in effect, hermit?
But residents of the capital of East Prussia very much loved somewhat eccentric professor. Why somewhat eccentric? It seldom changed the habits, and they were oddish.
For example, the philosopher, reflecting, was in the habit to look in one point. He loved a view of a tower which was visible from a window of its office. But once in the spring he suddenly noticed that the expanded branches of trees in a garden of the neighbor - closed the review. Professor did not calm down until forced the neighbor to cut branches to former level.
Giving lectures, Kant usually chose as object of one of students and throughout the allowed time kept the eyes glued from it. Somehow time students did not recognize the teacher: he often lost a train of thought, was unusually scattered, stopped and not at once could remember what spoke. It turned out that the student - object of contemplation of professor that day somewhere lost a button on a frock coat.
And about Kant`s punctuality legends went. If he left in the evening the house - inhabitants of neighboring quarters knew - there came exactly 19 hours.
However, one of episodes was engraved in the memory to citizens forever. Kant pledged the word to the friend merchant Green that will accompany it during walk which will begin at 8 in the morning. In 7. 50 Green put on a hat, went outside and sat down in a carriage. When on a tower punched 8 hours, the merchant right there drove off. He met Kant meters in 50 from the house, but as the last was late, let and for a minute, Green did not stop, even without having greeted the friend.
Several years Kant spent after-dinner hours at Green. After a lunch the philosopher came to the merchant and found it sleeping. Then he took seat in a chair, reflected, and too fell asleep. The third the director of bank Rufman who arrived in the same way came - failed in Morpheus`s embraces. And only later some time the merchant Moterbi who awoke all this trio came, and friends started the most live discussions!
It should be noted Kant`s attitude towards death. When his friend or the loved one was ill, but there was a hope for recovery, the philosopher with disturbing participation watched a state of health of the patient. But as soon as the death took away this person, Kant right there deleted him from the life and even on words of sympathy not “ forked up “.
What main lesson can be taken out from Kant`s life? Even if to you the nature did not give the rest of something, it is not terrible at all. There is a strength of mind which can work wonders. And if we at once lower hands, then good luck right there from us turns away. In something she reminds Kant …