From where gladiatorial fights undertook?
Gladiatorial fights represented gripping show of ancient Rome. Fights in which 300 couples of fighters participated are known, the Colosseum could accomodate 200 000 people, the audience was ready to look at mutual murder of people till some days in a row. In what appeal of a similar show, conversation separate. Considering existence in modern society of persons interested to look at bullfight or sawing of the neighbor in the next horror film, attractiveness of bloody scenes did not get to anywhere, but it is a question for psychologists and sociologists. And here from where the idea undertook and what it meant, quite in power to sort on the basis of the rich historical and ethnographic material which is saved up by modern science.
So, the simplest that is known authentically: initially people battled with each other in memory of the died tribesman. Future fights of gladiators were just funeral ceremony. At a dawn of Rome similar fights in which all men knowing deceased took part and capable to hold the weapon in hand were made. About a smertoubiystvo of the speech did not go, just there was a fight till it bleeds in memory of the dead. All games in Rome of times of reign were dated for a funeral of this or that person. But for the sake of what there were these fights what was wanted survived to be shown this ceremony?
Here it is necessary to address ethnography and other sciences (up to psychoanalysis) capable to shed light on logic of thinking of primitive people and backward tribes. In many cultures the custom is known to bury something with the person. It is no secret that sometimes buried not something, but someone. And there are objective data proving voluntariness of similar ceremonies. To similar behavior there are two explanations. The first: survived just there was no real chance to survive without the dead. To the similar version there are several claims - but the version exists for a long time, so, has certain rights for consideration. The second: the death was perceived not so tragically. Really, both Egyptians, and more ancient people perceived life as something, existing to have chance to die. It is possible to make a complaint in the spirit of “ why then all lived, but did not die “. But the answer is simple - to die, to be exact, to enter new life in other world, it was possible always, but here quality of this new life directly depended on a way and a cause of death.
It was necessary that, having been killed in battle or on hunting, you got an opportunity to such life after death in quite comfortable conditions (and today religions connect quality of afterlife with method of death or lifestyle). People who were connected with the dead in this life, believed for themselves possible suicide, counting on protection of the dead more “ favorable “ in the way. In other words, they just helped themselves at the expense of the dead quicker to get to that world. Eventually - soldiers began to compete for the right to follow to that world the fellow.
Also the third version is quite probable: soldiers, but not close people began to destroy themselves as wanted to be at war (to serve, be married) with the dead and in afterlife. Anyway ideas of posthumous games it is connected not with entertainment, and with training of and the dead to other life and infallible belief in its existence. Possibly, absence of sincere belief in afterlife at ancient Romans also led at first to transfer of the grieving powers to other people for money (in other civilizations too, by the way, began to employ weepers), and after to transformation of ritual into an empty entertainment at all.
Whether not similar manifestations of unconscious thirst of death are modern competitions various “ sports “ types of occupations with high injury? And whether modern races are the same distortion of the initial purpose? Everyone is free to answer how it is pleasant, but with relevance in all countries and the people of the slogan “ Bread and shows “ you will not argue.