What did we write last century with? And now I do not understand part 1
Ya, than the pedagogical thought of those times was guided, forcing us to write “ makatelny “ handles and to follow samples from “ Copy-books “ copying a calligraphy of the 19th century. Well who needed these “ pressings “ these “ hair “ lines if around me all adults wrote with pens and not calligraphical handwriting? Beautifully? Yes, but so far you will write ten phrases - you will sweat. And these eternal blots in notebooks! And ink spots which could be removed only with denatured alcohol! (Denatured alcohol bewitched me the mysterious lilacky shade. It is no wonder that this liquid attracted to itself and some adult uncles who drank it.)
Naturally, I wanted to get up somewhat quicker the adult, and somewhere in a class the third I began to write without any pressing, having self-willedally changed feather type. My notebooks dappled with red splashes in remarks: “ Your son writes without pressing! “ Parental wisdom it seems: “ Still you will manage to spoil handwriting “ to me it was unclear, I did not love the notation (who loves them!) and therefore resorted to cunning. For the teacher and parents remained former, “ school “ handwriting, and for myself I developed another, something the reminding handwriting of adults. Careless wide letters seemed to me a maturity sign.
To the fifth class in pedagogical corridors blew into new winds, and to us “ graciously “ allowed to write with pens. The cheapest cost literally kopeks, but had the nasty, scratching feathers. Handles with the so-called closed feather cost ruble two (forty trips by the subway) and wrote very decently. Of course, about any pressing there could not be also a speech (and teachers somehow quietly forgot about it). Besides, each feather possessed the character, and it needed to be painted. But already one the fact that after three - four written words it was not required to dip anew a feather in ink was perceived as the great benefit.
The Leningrad plant " was the chief producer shkolno - writing-materials then; " union;. Its production was appreciated over all country and differed in a variety. On “ " Union; did almost everything: from unpretentious pipetochny school handles to piston handles with a gold feather and gift sets of the handle and a collet pencil. By the way, the slate pencil at those pencils was slightly thicker, than at present, and moved forward the rotary mechanism. I will add also that those pencils were more economic: in them the slate pencil was used up to the end, but not on three quarters, as in modern models.
But ink for pens did not indulge a variety of flowers. The local Leningrad industry let out only blue. Black the father for the first time brought from Moscow (moreover, it is remembered, waited in line in office department of GUM there). About the Soviet black ink - conversation special. That who had to write by them in student`s years or at work, well remember surprising obstinacy of this ink. What they were made of … it is probably the same state secret, as well as the recipe “ Separate “ sausages. Besides, they were not such black. It is more correct to call them darkly - gray. But that worst of all - the pigment of this ink was in the habit to drop out in a deposit and to hammer capillaries of the writing knots. The instruction to handles with a gold feather unambiguously warned: “ To Use only blue " ink; … I cannot understand also now why the country which had the most powerful “ defense industry “ and the developed chemical industry, could not create good black ink. Or it was considered as a trifle on which “ in everyday life of great buildings “ simply did not pay attention?
If to try to characterize realities of that era in a word, perhaps, of more successful word, than “ polosatost “ you will not pick up. It was shown everywhere: qualitative and worthless things created strange symbiosis of the Soviet life of that time. Yes, were fine “ soyuzovsky “ handles with a gold feather, reliable and steady (at accurate people they lived years ten - twelve). And at the same time there was useless ink spoiling plastic details of these handles. Fine, soft colored pencils were issued (from six-color “ Rainbows “ to sets of 48 flowers), but there were no soft erasers (some more habitual to call them “ " erasers;). Cases of drawing instruments of that time did not come within miles of current Chinese misunderstanding, but color ink differed in a rare merzostnost of shades (especially red).
And in the Soviet Union to the middle 60 - x years were not the ball pens. But how they appeared and that was represented - in the following article.