As there were concepts “ Personality “ and “ Anti-personality “?
Concept “ Personality “ dear readers, arose long ago, in an extreme antiquity. Once in the countries of the Ancient World actors, playing in theater, put on masks the faces, and called such artistic mask “ Personality “ (mask), in Latin - “ Persona “. Very quickly “ Personality “ began to call the actor and his role in a performance. Over time the people playing an important role in public life began to be called " too; Persons “.
So, passing from one public formation into another, there was also a scientific concept about the personality, as about the person who is holding a certain position in society and carrying out the public function, necessary for it, as about the subject of the relations and conscious activity. Concept “ Personality “ differs from the concept “ Individual “ (single representative of the human race) and concepts “ Identity “ (set of the lines distinguishing this individual from the others).
In slaveholding society “ Personality “ the free citizen who had the right to participate in public life was considered. The slave could not be her. At a feudal system “ Persons “ there were people of a noble family, “ noble " blood; peasants for feudal lords were cattle, boors. It reminds nothing to you? And, at last, at development of capitalism by the personality began to consider the owner. The person of the work which was not possessing property to persons was not carried. Some psychologists guessed at that time to consider loss at least of part of property reduction of advantages of the personality: “ Through it we are identified at once with poor people whom treated still contemptuously … “.
In the thirties the last century definition of the personality by Siegmund Freud, the author of the " method gained distribution; psychoanalysis “: “ The Personality represents the biological identity closed in itself. Subconscious inclinations to death and sex are a life source, and its sense consists in their satisfaction … “.
He wrote the well-known open letter to Albert Einstein in 1932 in which claimed that wars have “ strong biological basis “.
The psychologists who updated concept of the personality according to Freud were called neofreudians …
Neofreudians unlike the famous neuropsychiatrist reduced value of sexuality in life of people and recognized positive influence of culture and public conditions. They noted the increasing individualization, considered that social development leads to a personal freedom.
Theorists of individualism propagandized open society of the competition, a private initiative, submission of the free personality “ to the hidden and seeming senseless forces of society and rules of morals which expediency cannot be confirmed logically “. In the pessimistic philosophical direction - existentialism (existence in the world of individually spiritual life) - the person is considered the most considerable being but suffering, staying in an agony in disgust for life, fear of death.
The theory of socialization of the personality, on the contrary, very much is even optimistical and attractive. According to this theory of people has to understand the dependence on social group, adapt to its requirements, understand the debt to collective and respect collective values.
Study these theories, and you will involuntarily come to a conclusion that there is a hardened fight for souls of mankind. From there is also a desire of some theorists to direct education to a separation of children from parents, categorically denying obedience at younger age. There are many leveling examples when already in two - three-year age children behave with adults, as with equal, without due respect, dictating the behavior. By seven years of the child the parents who allowed education without obedience stay in despair, without knowing how to cope with the little dictators, and follow the help to psychologists, teachers …
If the person is capable to set before himself the moral purposes, to estimate the acts and people around, to make independent decisions in difficult situations, it is possible to call him the moral identity, the subject of moral activity.
of One of the most important parties of formation of the personality acts understanding of the “ I “. It is possible to tell that an image “ I “ - individual option of ideas of the person peculiar to this culture in general.
Any personality lives and works as a part of a certain nation, concrete collective, creating material and cultural values together with other people, dividing living conditions and psychology of the social group. In mentality of each personality you will easily find the individual traits reflecting her course of life.
The outstanding personality is almost always an example of imitation, especially in children`s collective. However absolutely immoral, cynical and angry person can become the leader clever, strong-willed, but at the same time. And there was a concept “ Anti-persons “ (negative personality). In Ancient Greece was considered as the negative personality the person holding an important post and seeking to establish the individual power. Such personality was ostracized (exile) - it was punishment for infringement of democracy and threat of establishment of tyranny.
History knows many examples of negative persons which absolute power and in the ancient time, both in the Middle Ages, and in later time ruthlessly destroyed human lives: Not Rhone, passionately wishing that the people had only one head, the fierce tsar Ivan the Terrible who covered Russia with seigniorial blood, the English king Henry VIII, the cruel tyrant destroying lives despite merits and ranks, the French king Louis XIV who established a monarchic absolutism - “ The State is I “ and many others at which it is moral - the estimated relation to own acts was absent.
The 20th century more became an era of unprecedented revelry of violence and tyranny, emergence of a great number of negative persons from which were especially distinguished with the frank disrespect to human life, preaching use of force for achievement of the purpose, Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin.
the Anti-personality brings together near itself the supporters, forming the immediate environment on degree of personal devotion, using the most immoral methods of lawlessness and violence for the dictatorship. It can be imitated, envied too, but most often the anti-personality are afraid and hate …
the True personality - the personality creative, moral, humane. She fights against injustice, directing the knowledge and efforts to society. It should cultivate in itself courage, force and will to struggle with the anti-personality, defending in acts moral and humane. Creativity of such personality can be shown in any kind of useful activity. The one who works creatively is never oppressed by work and is happy in the choice: scientific approach to education of the child and even housekeeping can be a pleasure source …
Children of the advanced school age face the choice - whether to seek to become the true personality, defending morality and good? seniors can have
many desires, is much more whole, but also it is a lot of problems. On the way to any purpose obstacles can appear, and in one they cause rage and rage, in others - feeling of powerlessness, and the third courageously resist to failures, training the will power. These the third, shown firmness in defeats, going further after victories, can also become further outstanding personalities …
Take care, remember the purposes moral and false, help the children to become true persons!