Rus Articles Journal

From where the inferiority complex undertakes?

Are known that all people differently treat the power per se, and especially own superiority over people around. Alfred Adler, the Austrian doctor and the psychologist, tried to understand, than it is caused.

Adler claims that the aspiration to borrow or not to reach a dominant position is put in the early childhood. This aspiration is a consequence of an inferiority complex.

The fact that the relation of the people deprived of life to life and other people differs from views of those who since the childhood were happy with life and themselves is widespread. It is fair not only for people with physical defects, but also for people economically or socially defective.

The feeling of inferiority in the child is put by parents. One take the child for a live doll for game, others see in is mute valuable property, the third consider the child only by an excess burden. The similar relation from parents and other adults engenders feeling at the child that he is able to do only two things: to give pleasure and displeasure to seniors.

Subsequently this inferiority complex can be strengthened by some features of our civilization. For example, a habit not to take children seriously. Most of children grow in constant fear that will laugh at them. Sneers leave in soul of the child an indelible mark which remains forever and defines its acts in adulthood. Some people at whom in the childhood sneered, already being adult and respectable, are afraid to seem ridiculous in the opinion of people around or to give a reason to think so. Other way not to take children seriously - to say them a lie. The child begins to doubt surrounding reality and to call into question into gravity and reality of all life.

Feeling of inferiority, inadequacy and uncertainty - a driving force of aspirations of any child. This feeling defines how it will manage to the child to reach confidence, defines the purpose of his existence and prepares a way by which these objectives can be achieved.

From the first days of life of the child it is possible to notice that the feeling of own inferiority develops parallel to desire to achieve recognition. The purpose of this desire - to reach situation when the individual looks surpassing the environment. This purpose is constructed in such a way that its achievement assumes a possibility of either receiving sense of superiority, or raising of the personality on such level at which life seems intelligent. This purpose also gives value to our life experience. It connects among themselves and coordinates feelings, forms imagination, directs a creative power and defines what needs to be remembered and that - to forget.

When the feeling of inferiority amplifies to such an extent that the child begins to be afraid to overcome never the weakness, there is a danger that, seeking for compensation, he will not be satisfied with simple sense of equilibrium. He will seek to reject scales in other party. In that case the aspiration to the power and domination can become so exaggerated that the usual vital relations will never satisfy the person. Such people on the way of achievement of the purpose, touching the rights of others, endanger also the own rights. They are hostile in relation to the world, and therefore the world is hostile to them.

Manifestation of hostility does not have to is obligatory to happen openly. There are children whose aspiration to the power is expressed in such a way that does not lead to immediate contact with people around. Gradually such children will have also antisocial traits of character, for example, arrogance, vanity and desire to win against all at any cost. The last can be carried out cunning. The relative eminence of an individual can be reached due to belittling of those to whom he comes into contacts.

The inferiority complex and aspiration to the power define behavioural installation. Its final form can change a little, but its essence, an orientation and sense remain invariable since the earliest childhood. Behavioural installation is the defining factor though in process of a growing of the subject its changing relationship with the adult world can alter a little a problem in some respects.

Therefore it is very important to treat the small child so that he did not have a false idea of life. Force and resilience of his body are also an important factor during formation of ideas of the world. Are not less important a social status of the child and characters of those who brings up it.