How to build the wooden house
Both theater begins with a hanger, and construction of the wooden house begins with the material choice. The modern market offers both a glued bar and roundup and SMALLPOX and many other things. It would seem, look at the level of the income and choose material for the house. But not everything is so simple.
At first it is necessary to answer one simple question - that for you the main thing in future country cottage.
If a priority are the big areas, halls, drawing rooms, billiard rooms and the basic principle - desire to strike with the scale of guests and relatives - choose a glued bar. Only this material will allow to satisfy ambitions of your architect. If you want
that the house “ breathed “ but there is not a lot of money and you are not strongly concerned by questions of durability and durability - choose the rounded log or the pro-thinned-out bar.
If is not enough money, but the lodge in the village is necessary extremely - the frame house filled with various artificial heaters - your destiny.
I, at last, if you want to receive the environmentally friendly, strong house, the house in which warmly and cozy in the winter and cool in the hot summer in which house is so well slept as the first roosters will hardly wake you - look for good carpenters and order the house of the manual cabin.
Here also problems begin. Unfortunately, in our country of professional carpenters in the afternoon with fire you will not find. No, the offer in the market huge. Crews of shabashnik, potboilers and slovens travel about over the country, offering nothing not understanding in wooden architecture to customers quickly and cheap announce two - three floor mansion. The most interesting - they will surely construct them and, having received money, will disappear also quickly, as well as appeared.
Owners, having given terribly earned, in exchange receive a set of problems in the form of the warped walls, the proceeding roof and for some reason not opening doors and windows.
If you want to sleep peacefully in the log house, it is necessary to acquire the following.
1. Time. Construction of the good wooden house will require 2 - 3 years. The first year to you have to make a felling. Surely from a winter forest. A felling it is necessary in May - September to put on the base. It is better for Stolyark not to put - let the felling be aired. We do a roof and we wait. How many - depends on house height. As the Russian mentality provides, at least, two-storeyed construction - it is necessary to wait for year. Then, after shrinkage measurement, we make the decision on carrying out or not carrying out finishing works. Shrinkage of the house can make from 5 to 10 percent. Walls of the house will be within three years after the beginning of construction, to gather, to give moisture.
2. Wood. It is necessary to choose only ripe, winter preparation the wood, without “ podsochka “ not affected with various diseases. For example, the pine (the main material for construction) has to go to the cabin only in 81 year after landing. The best months for wood preparation - January, February, March. Diameter of the wood has to be at least from 26 cm. The optimum size - from 30 to 40 cm. If there is an opportunity to keep the wood on laying some time on well aired platform - surely make it. Via drying cameras it is better not to banish the wood - will crack and will lose the unique properties of the natural conditioner. Unfortunately, in modern conditions it is almost impossible to do wood preparation not by chiansaws, but the axe. The main material for the house - a pine. It is better not to use a fir-tree in walls. The fir-tree is good for finishing and for production of elements of a roof. It is desirable to make the lower wreaths of a larch. All house from a larch - on the fan. The cedar - is good, but “ bites “. It is too expensive.
3. Choice of technology. There is the Russian, Norwegian and Canadian cabin. The Swiss way is also known, but is painfully exotic and in our country is practically not applied. The Russian cabin - the most traditional and demanded. Unfortunately, the obligatory subcaulking iron of walls in a year which will lead to raising of a felling approximately on a wreath is required. That is problems with shrinkage of a felling are quite considerable. The carpenters who are engaged now in the Russian cabin for some reason recently, so sostragivat logs electroplanes that the tree begins to remind the rounded log. It is absolutely wrong. Art of the carpenter in that also consists that the uneven wood, with “ sgony “ to put in a felling. And it is beautiful. And durability is not lost. Round walls are pleasant not to all customers therefore inside the felling is done sometimes with “ protesy “.
The Norwegian cabin is made only of a gun carriage (a dvukhkantovy bar). Enjoys wide popularity in countries of Northern Europe. Appearance of a felling bears to the house from a glued bar a strong resemblance. Further finishing of a felling is not required by a board that strongly reduces the price of construction. The further subcaulking iron of walls is not required. The Norwegian bowl becomes so that to exclude hit of water and air, that is the possibility of rotting of wood in the most weak spot - in connection of two logs decreases. Besides the Norwegian bowl - samozaklinivayushayasya. In use a felling there is a consolidation between wreaths. A roof in the Norwegian felling - a whole with a wall. “ Wasps “ Russian name “ horse “ and “ sleg “ get the idea of pediments. In the Norwegian felling there is no traditional Russian ceiling. The ceiling is arranged so that “ wasps “ - healthy round logs with a diameter of 30 - 36 cm were visible. Quite interesting and unusual interior turns out. The truth at the same time expenses on heating also increase. Cracking gun carriages is a little more, than a round log.
The Canadian cabin - the round wood and the Norwegian bowl. That is undertake advantage and the Russian and Norwegian technology. At us it is still little-known and not really demanded. It is not enough experts.
4. Carpenters. If you want to construct a small bath in rural style - it is possible to employ shabashnik safely. If the serious house - firm with a name and the built houses. Surely learn whether it is possible to see already built houses and to communicate to their owners - you learn everything and at once. Ask about system of preparation and storage of the wood, about “ podsochka “. Podsochka - a pitch intake for needs of the defensive industry at the Soviet power. There was a law earlier - the wood without “ podsochka “ to the cabin does not go. “ Podsochka “ strongly worsens properties of wood. There are areas where 100% of the wood podsochenny. In such places it is better not to order a felling. If in firm begin to prove that the winter and summer forest differ in nothing - safely you leave and do not contact such experts. It is desirable that the crew which cut down the house then and put it on the base. Surely look at a production site of firm and estimate the level of culture of production. Learn whether there is an opportunity to use the wood of non-standard length (more than 6 meters) at construction. Many firms carry the wood cars and have no opportunity to work with “ dlinnomer “.
And in end. The mankind for centuries built wooden houses and for centuries was discontentedly whimsical character of a tree. Also conducts it, and problems with shrinkage, and appearance of the house did not arrange. Therefore as soon as an opportunity appeared, the person invented new technologies of work with a tree. It began to dry it, to cut, glue. And he solved practically all problems. However, the tree at the same time lost the unique properties and became only one more construction material on an equal basis with a brick and concrete.
Therefore - the choice for you. Solve - in what house in the country to meet singing of the first roosters.